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Evaluation of collagen gel and hyaluronic acid as vitreous substitutes. Nakagawa M,Tanaka M,Miyata T Ophthalmic research We evaluated alkaline-solubilized collagen, hyaluronic acid (HA), and a substance formed from mixing both materials as vitreous substitutes in the rabbit. Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled collagen (2%), fluorescein-labeled HA (FLHA, 1%), or the mixture was injected into the rabbit vitreous after vitrectomy. After 3 months, histologic study revealed that the substitutes caused no adverse effects on the ocular tissue. Kinetic studies showed that the half-lives of FITC-collagen, FL-HA, and the mixed substance were 5.70, 2.09, and 8.41 days, respectively. The results indicated that HA enhances the collagen half-life. The concomitant of collagen and HA is safe and effective for 3 months in rabbit's eye as a vitreous substitute, and the mixture is capable of tamponade. 10.1159/000268042
Biochemical and biophysical aspects of collagen nanostructure in the extracellular matrix. Kolácná L,Bakesová J,Varga F,Kostáková E,Plánka L,Necas A,Lukás D,Amler E,Pelouch V Physiological research ECM is composed of different collagenous and non-collagenous proteins. Collagen nanofibers play a dominant role in maintaining the biological and structural integrity of various tissues and organs, including bone, skin, tendon, blood vessels, and cartilage. Artificial collagen nanofibers are increasingly significant in numerous tissue engineering applications and seem to be ideal scaffolds for cell growth and proliferation. The modern tissue engineering task is to develop three-dimensional scaffolds of appropriate biological and biomechanical properties, at the same time mimicking the natural extracellular matrix and promoting tissue regeneration. Furthermore, it should be biodegradable, bioresorbable and non-inflammatory, should provide sufficient nutrient supply and have appropriate viscoelasticity and strength. Attributed to collagen features mentioned above, collagen fibers represent an obvious appropriate material for tissue engineering scaffolds. The aim of this minireview is, besides encapsulation of the basic biochemical and biophysical properties of collagen, to summarize the most promising modern methods and technologies for production of collagen nanofibers and scaffolds for artificial tissue development. 10.33549/physiolres.931302
The materials science of collagen. Sherman Vincent R,Yang Wen,Meyers Marc A Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials Collagen is the principal biopolymer in the extracellular matrix of both vertebrates and invertebrates. It is produced in specialized cells (fibroblasts) and extracted into the body by a series of intra and extracellular steps. It is prevalent in connective tissues, and the arrangement of collagen determines the mechanical response. In biomineralized materials, its fraction and spatial distribution provide the necessary toughness and anisotropy. We review the structure of collagen, with emphasis on its hierarchical arrangement, and present constitutive equations that describe its mechanical response, classified into three groups: hyperelastic macroscopic models based on strain energy in which strain energy functions are developed; macroscopic mathematical fits with a nonlinear constitutive response; structurally and physically based models where a constitutive equation of a linear elastic material is modified by geometric characteristics. Viscoelasticity is incorporated into the existing constitutive models and the effect of hydration is discussed. We illustrate the importance of collagen with descriptions of its organization and properties in skin, fish scales, and bone, focusing on the findings of our group. 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2015.05.023