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Hepatectomy combined with apatinib and camrelizumab for CNLC stage IIIb hepatocellular carcinoma: a phase II trial protocol. BMJ open INTRODUCTION:Current clinical guidelines recommend systematic antitumour therapy as the primary treatment option for patients with stage IIIb hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) based on the China liver cancer (CNLC) staging criteria. Several different targeted therapeutics have been applied in combination with immunotherapeutic regimens to date in patients with advanced HCC. The present study was developed to evaluate the relative safety and efficacy of hepatectomy of HCC in combination with targeted apatinib treatment and immunotherapeutic camrelizumab treatment CNLC-IIIb stage HCC patients with the goal of providing evidence regarding the potential value of this therapeutic regimen in individuals diagnosed with advanced HCC. METHODS AND ANALYSIS:This is a multicentre phase II trial with single-arm in which patients undergo hepatectomy in combination with targeted treatment (apatinib) and immunotherapy (camrelizumab). Patients will undergo follow-up every 2-3 months following treatment initiation to record any evidence of disease progression and adverse event incidence for a minimum of 24 months following the discontinuation of treatment until reaching study endpoint events or trial termination. The primary endpoint for this study is patient mortality. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION:This study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Guangxi Medical University Cancer Hospital (KS2022[124]). The results of this study will be submitted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER:NCT05062837. 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-067730
Hepatocellular carcinoma. Forner Alejandro,Reig María,Bruix Jordi Lancet (London, England) Hepatocellular carcinoma appears frequently in patients with cirrhosis. Surveillance by biannual ultrasound is recommended for such patients because it allows diagnosis at an early stage, when effective therapies are feasible. The best candidates for resection are patients with a solitary tumour and preserved liver function. Liver transplantation benefits patients who are not good candidates for surgical resection, and the best candidates are those within Milan criteria (solitary tumour ≤5 cm or up to three nodules ≤3 cm). Image-guided ablation is the most frequently used therapeutic strategy, but its efficacy is limited by the size of the tumour and its localisation. Chemoembolisation has survival benefit in asymptomatic patients with multifocal disease without vascular invasion or extrahepatic spread. Finally, sorafenib, lenvatinib, which is non-inferior to sorafenib, and regorafenib increase survival and are the standard treatments in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. This Seminar summarises the scientific evidence that supports the current recommendations for clinical practice, and discusses the areas in which more research is needed. 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)30010-2