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Safety and Activity of Mirvetuximab Soravtansine (IMGN853), a Folate Receptor Alpha-Targeting Antibody-Drug Conjugate, in Platinum-Resistant Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Primary Peritoneal Cancer: A Phase I Expansion Study. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology Purpose This phase I expansion cohort study evaluated the safety and clinical activity of mirvetuximab soravtansine (IMGN853), an antibody-drug conjugate consisting of a humanized anti-folate receptor alpha (FRα) monoclonal antibody linked to the tubulin-disrupting maytansinoid DM4, in a population of patients with FRα-positive and platinum-resistant ovarian cancer. Patients and Methods Patients with platinum-resistant epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer received IMGN853 at 6.0 mg/kg (adjusted ideal body weight) once every 3 weeks. Eligibility included a minimum requirement of FRα positivity by immunohistochemistry (≥ 25% of tumor cells with at least 2+ staining intensity). Adverse events, tumor response (via Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] version 1.1), and progression-free survival (PFS) were determined. Results Forty-six patients were enrolled. Adverse events were generally mild (≤ grade 2), with diarrhea (44%), blurred vision (41%), nausea (37%), and fatigue (30%) being the most commonly observed treatment-related toxicities. Grade 3 fatigue and hypotension were reported in two patients each (4%). For all evaluable patients, the confirmed objective response rate was 26%, including one complete and 11 partial responses, and the median PFS was 4.8 months. The median duration of response was 19.1 weeks. Notably, in the subset of patients who had received three or fewer prior lines of therapy (n = 23), an objective response rate of 39%, PFS of 6.7 months, and duration of response of 19.6 weeks were observed. Conclusion IMGN853 exhibited a manageable safety profile and was active in platinum-resistant ovarian cancer, with the strongest signals of efficacy observed in less heavily pretreated individuals. On the basis of these findings, the dose, schedule, and target population were identified for a phase III trial of IMGN853 monotherapy in patients with platinum-resistant disease. 10.1200/JCO.2016.69.9538
Evorpacept alone and in combination with pembrolizumab or trastuzumab in patients with advanced solid tumours (ASPEN-01): a first-in-human, open-label, multicentre, phase 1 dose-escalation and dose-expansion study. Lakhani Nehal J,Chow Laura Q M,Gainor Justin F,LoRusso Patricia,Lee Keun-Wook,Chung Hyun Cheol,Lee Jeeyun,Bang Yung-Jue,Hodi Frank Stephen,Kim Won Seog,Santana-Davila Rafael,Fanning Philip,Squifflet Pierre,Jin Feng,Kuo Tracy C,Wan Hong I,Pons Jaume,Randolph Sophia S,Messersmith Wells A The Lancet. Oncology BACKGROUND:Both innate and adaptive immune responses are important components of anticancer immunity. The CD47-SIRPα interaction could represent an important pathway used by tumour cells to evade immune surveillance. We aimed to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and anticancer activity of evorpacept (also known as ALX148), a high-affinity CD47-blocking protein with an inactive IgG Fc region in patients with solid tumours. METHODS:We did a first-in-human, open-label, multicentre, phase 1 dose-escalation and dose-expansion study at nine hospitals and one clinic in the USA and Korea. Eligible patients for the dose-escalation and safety lead-in phases were aged 18 years or older with histological or cytological diagnosis of advanced or metastatic solid tumours with no available standard therapy, measurable or unmeasurable disease according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1, and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score of 0 or 1. In the dose-escalation phase, which used a 3 + 3 design, patients received intravenous evorpacept at either 0·3, 1, 3, or 10 mg/kg once per week in 21-day cycles, or 30 mg/kg once every other week in 28-day cycles. In the safety lead-in phase, patients were given the maximum tolerable dose of evorpacept from the dose-escalation phase plus either intravenous pembrolizumab (200 mg administered once every 3 weeks) or intravenous trastuzumab (8 mg/kg loading dose followed by 6 mg/kg once every 3 weeks). In the dose-expansion phase, additional patients aged 18 years or older with second-line or later-line advanced malignancies were enrolled into three parallel cohorts: those with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and those with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were given the maximum tolerated dose of evorpacept plus intravenous pembrolizumab (200 mg administered once every 3 weeks), and patients with HER2-positive gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer were given the maximum tolerated dose of evorpacept plus intravenous trastuzumab (8 mg/kg loading dose followed by 6 mg/kg once every 3 weeks) until disease progression, voluntary withdrawal from the study, or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was the maximum tolerated dose of evorpacept administered as a single agent and in combination with pembrolizumab or trastuzumab, measured by the occurrence of dose-limiting toxicities during the first cycle, and was assessed in all patients who had received at least one dose of evorpacept. Secondary outcomes included the safety, tolerability, and antitumour activity of evorpacept, alone or in combination with pembrolizumab or trastuzumab. The primary outcome, safety, and tolerability were assessed in all patients who had received at least one dose of evorpacept, and antitumour activity was assessed in those who recieved at least one dose of study treatment and underwent at least one post-baseline tumor assessment. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03013218. FINDINGS:Between March 6, 2017, and Feb 21, 2019, 110 patients received single-agent evorpacept (n=28), evorpacept plus pembrolizumab (n=52), or evorpacept plus trastuzumab (n=30), and were included in the safety analysis. Median follow-up was 29·1 months (95% CI not calculable [NC]-NC) in the single-agent cohort, 27·0 months (25·1-28·8) in the evorpacept plus pembrolizumab cohort, and 32·7 months (27·0-32·7) in the evorpacept plus trastuzumab cohort. Two (7%) dose-limiting toxicities in the first cycle were reported in patients who received single-agent evorpacept; neutropenia with an associated infection in one patient with gastroesophageal junction cancer who received 3 mg/kg once per week, and thrombocytopenia with associated bleeding in one patient with pancreatic cancer who received 30 mg/kg once every other week. No maximum tolerated dose was reached; the maximum administered doses were 10 mg/kg once per week or 30 mg/kg once every other week. The 10 mg/kg once per week dose was used in the expansion cohorts in combination with pembrolizumab or trastuzumab. The most common grade 3 or worse treatment-related adverse events were thrombocytopenia with single-agent evorpacept (two [7%] patients) and evorpacept plus pembrolizumab (two [4%]), and thrombocytopenia (two [7%]) and neutropenia (two [7%]) with evorpacept plus trastuzumab. In patients who received single-agent evorpacept, four treatment-related serious adverse events were reported. Five serious treatment-related adverse events related to evorpacept plus pembrolizumab were reported, and one serious adverse event related to evorpacept plus trastuzumab was reported. In response-evaluable patients in the dose-escalation phase (n=15) receiving single-agent evorpacept once per week, four (27%) had a best overall response of stable disease (two received 0·3 mg/kg, one received 3 mg/kg, and one received 10 mg/kg); in the 11 patients who received single-agent evorpacept at the highest dose of 30 mg/kg once every other week, two (18%) had stable disease. In the dose-expansion cohort, overall responses were recorded in four (20·0%; 95% CI 5·7-43·7) of 20 patients with HNSCC who received evorpacept plus pembrolizumab, in one (5·0%; 0·1-24·9) of 20 patients with NSCLC who received evorpacept plus pembrolizumab, and in four (21·1%; 6·1-45·6) of 19 patients with gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer who received evorpacept plus trastuzumab. INTERPRETATION:The safety findings support the use of evorpacept in combination with pembrolizumab or trastuzumab for patients with advanced solid tumours. Preliminary antitumour activity results support future investigation of evorpacept combined with pembrolizumab or trastuzumab in patients with HNSCC, gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer, and NSCLC. FUNDING:ALX Oncology. 10.1016/S1470-2045(21)00584-2
Phase I Study of Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Tebentafusp Using a Step-Up Dosing Regimen and Expansion in Patients With Metastatic Uveal Melanoma. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology PURPOSE:This phase I study aimed to define the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of tebentafusp, a first-in-class T-cell receptor/anti-CD3 bispecific protein, using a three-week step-up dosing regimen, and to assess its safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and preliminary clinical activity in patients with metastatic uveal melanoma (mUM). METHODS:In this open-label, international, phase I/II study, HLA-A*02 or HLA-A*02:01+ patients with mUM received tebentafusp 20 μg once in week 1 and 30 μg once in week 2. Dose escalation (starting at 54 μg) began at week 3 in a standard 3 + 3 design to define RP2D. Expansion-phase patients were treated at the RP2D (20-30-68 μg). Blood and tumor samples were collected for pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics assessment, and treatment efficacy was evaluated for all patients with baseline efficacy data as of December 2017. RESULTS:Between March 2016 and December 2017, 42 eligible patients who failed a median of two previous treatments were enrolled: 19 in the dose escalation cohort and 23 in an initial dose expansion cohort. Of the dose levels investigated, 68 μg was identified as the RP2D. Most frequent treatment-emergent adverse events regardless of attribution were pyrexia (91%), rash (83%), pruritus (83%), nausea (74%), fatigue (71%), and chills (69%). Toxicity attenuated following the first three doses. The overall response rate was 11.9% (95% CI, 4.0 to 25.6). With a median follow-up of 32.4 months, median overall survival was 25.5 months (range, 0.89-31.1 months) and 1-year overall survival rate was 67%. Treatment was associated with increased tumor T-cell infiltration and transient increases in serum inflammatory mediators. CONCLUSION:Using a step-up dosing regimen of tebentafusp allowed a 36% increase in the RP2D compared with weekly fixed dosing, with a manageable side-effect profile and a signal of efficacy in mUM. 10.1200/JCO.21.01805
Treatment Outcomes and Safety of Mobocertinib in Platinum-Pretreated Patients With EGFR Exon 20 Insertion-Positive Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Phase 1/2 Open-label Nonrandomized Clinical Trial. JAMA oncology IMPORTANCE:Metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (mNSCLC) with EGFR exon 20 insertion (EGFRex20ins) mutations is associated with a poor prognosis. Mobocertinib is an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor designed to selectively target EGFRex20ins mutations. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate treatment outcomes and safety of mobocertinib in patients with previously treated EGFRex20ins-positive mNSCLC. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS:This 3-part, open-label, phase 1/2 nonrandomized clinical trial with dose-escalation/dose-expansion cohorts (28 sites in the US) and a single-arm extension cohort (EXCLAIM; 40 sites in Asia, Europe, and North America) was conducted between June 2016 and November 2020 (data cutoff date). The primary analysis populations were the platinum-pretreated patients (PPP) cohort and the EXCLAIM cohort. The PPP cohort included 114 patients with platinum-pretreated EGFRex20ins-positive mNSCLC who received mobocertinib 160 mg once daily from the dose-escalation (n = 6), dose-expansion (n = 22), and EXCLAIM (n = 86) cohorts. The EXCLAIM cohort included 96 patients with previously treated EGFRex20ins-positive mNSCLC (10 were not platinum pretreated and thus were excluded from the PPP cohort). INTERVENTIONS:Mobocertinib 160 mg once daily. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES:The primary end point of the PPP and EXCLAIM cohorts was confirmed objective response rate (ORR) assessed by independent review committee (IRC). Secondary end points included confirmed ORR by investigator, duration of response, progression-free survival, overall survival, and safety. RESULTS:Among the PPP (n = 114) and EXCLAIM (n = 96) cohorts, the median (range) age was 60 (27-84) and 59 (27-80) years, respectively; most patients were women (75 [66%] and 62 [65%], respectively) and of Asian race (68 [60%] and 66 [69%], respectively). At data cutoff, median follow-up was 14.2 months in the PPP cohort (median 2 prior anticancer regimens; 40 [35%] had baseline brain metastases), with confirmed ORR of 28% (95% CI, 20%-37%) by IRC assessment and 35% (95% CI, 26%-45%) by investigator assessment; median duration of response by IRC assessment was 17.5 months (95% CI, 7.4-20.3). Median progression-free survival by IRC assessment was 7.3 months (95% CI, 5.5-9.2). Median overall survival was 24.0 months (95% CI, 14.6-28.8). In the EXCLAIM cohort, median follow-up was 13.0 months, with confirmed ORR by IRC assessment of 25% (95% CI, 17%-35%) and by investigator assessment of 32% (95% CI, 23%-43%). The most common treatment-related adverse events were diarrhea and rash. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE:In this open-label, phase 1/2 nonrandomized clinical trial, mobocertinib was associated with clinically meaningful benefit in patients with previously treated EGFRex20ins-positive mNSCLC, with a manageable safety profile. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02716116. 10.1001/jamaoncol.2021.4761
Amivantamab plus lazertinib in osimertinib-relapsed EGFR-mutant advanced non-small cell lung cancer: a phase 1 trial. Nature medicine Patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) often develop resistance to current standard third-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs); no targeted treatments are approved in the osimertinib-relapsed setting. In this open-label, dose-escalation and dose-expansion phase 1 trial, the potential for improved anti-tumor activity by combining amivantamab, an EGFR-MET bispecific antibody, with lazertinib, a third-generation EGFR TKI, was evaluated in patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC whose disease progressed on third-generation TKI monotherapy but were chemotherapy naive (CHRYSALIS cohort E). In the dose-escalation phase, the recommended phase 2 combination dose was established; in the dose-expansion phase, the primary endpoints were safety and overall response rate, and key secondary endpoints included progression-free survival and overall survival. The safety profile of amivantamab and lazertinib was generally consistent with previous experience of each agent alone, with 4% experiencing grade ≥3 events; no new safety signals were identified. In an exploratory cohort of 45 patients who were enrolled without biomarker selection, the primary endpoint of investigator-assessed overall response rate was 36% (95% confidence interval, 22-51). The median duration of response was 9.6 months, and the median progression-free survival was 4.9 months. Next-generation sequencing and immunohistochemistry analyses identified high EGFR and/or MET expression as potential predictive biomarkers of response, which will need to be validated with prospective assessment. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02609776 . 10.1038/s41591-023-02554-7