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Factors influencing prognosis and functional outcome one year after a first-time stroke in a Caribbean population. Galanth Sophie,Tressieres Benoit,Lannuzel Annie,Foucan Patrick,Alecu Cosmin Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation OBJECTIVE:To evaluate functional outcome and quality of life 1 year poststroke in a Caribbean population. DESIGN:Prospective study of patients with a first hemispheric stroke admitted consecutively between December 2010 and February 2011. The patients were evaluated (1) in the emergency department, (2) when discharged from the hospital, and (3) 1 year poststroke. SETTING:A university hospital. PARTICIPANTS:Of the 140 consecutive patients with stroke, 78 (42% women, 24.4% hemorrhagic stroke) were included in the study. INTERVENTIONS:None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Patients were evaluated using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), modified Rankin Scale (mRS), FIM, and Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey. RESULTS:The mean age of the participants was 62.1±17.7 years; 70.5% of patients had hypertension, 29.4% had diabetes, and 23.6% had chronic renal failure. At 1 year poststroke, the mortality rate was 29.4%, and the recurrence rate 2.6%. We evaluated 39 of the 55 survivors (71%). Score evolution (emergency department vs 1y later) is as follows: for the NIHSS, it was 6.2±4.9 versus 3.3±3.9 (z=-3.578; P<.001); and for the mRS score ≤2, it was 54.2% versus 66.7% (χ(2)=14.182; P=.25). The FIM score on discharge from the hospital versus 1 year later was 103.2±28.2 versus 101.7±31.5 (z=-1.008; P=.313). Multivariate analysis showed that aphasia, hemianopia, and incontinence significantly influenced the 1-year FIM score (P<.001). Quality of life, a patient-reported outcome measure of health-related quality of life, was significantly altered concerning vitality, role physical, and role emotional. CONCLUSIONS:One year after a first stroke, despite significant improvement of neurologic impairment, the level of dependency did not change and quality of life was altered. Aphasia, hemianopia, and incontinence significantly influenced functional state. 10.1016/j.apmr.2014.07.394
Impact of inpatient rehabilitation on quality of life among stroke patients. Journal of neurosciences in rural practice Objective:Despite remarkable progression in the treatment of stroke, the life quality and social related events caused by stroke have received limited attention in our country. Quality of life (QOL) assessment is an important part of the evaluation of stroke patients and their management. The objective of this study was to assess QOL in patients with stroke at the time of admission in rehabilitation unit and to assess the impact of inpatient rehabilitation on change in QOL in these patients. Materials and Methods:Adult patients with first arterial stroke of any duration, with presentation as hemiplegia, were recruited. The clinical outcome scales and 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) parameters for QOL were assessed at both admission and discharge. The scales used were Scandinavian stroke scale (SSS), Barthel Index (BI), and modified Rankin Scale. SF-36 scores were assessed after 6 weeks of discharge also. Results:Ten patients with median age of 36.5 years and median duration of stroke 75 days were recruited. There was significant improvement in functional scores of BI and SSS scales at the time of discharge. Majority of the components of both physical and mental domains of QOL SF-36 questionnaire showed significant improvement. The QOL scores after 6 weeks of discharge did not show significant change except for the emotional well-being. Conclusion:The QOL in patients with stroke improves with inpatient rehabilitation along with motor and functional scores. Improved functional independence leads to better emotional state after discharge also. 10.25259/JNRP-2022-1-18-R1-(2322)