logo logo
Application of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in the diagnosis of burn depth. Annals of translational medicine BACKGROUND:The diagnosis of burn depth often relies on the subjective judgment of plastic surgeons. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) can visualize the microcirculation well and has potential value in diagnosing the depth of burn wounds. We assessed the depth of the burn wounds by CEUS, and compared the results with histological examination. METHODS:Two rhesus monkeys were used, and multiple burn wounds with different depths were made on their backs. The echo of the dermis and subcutaneous tissue were observed for each wound, and the thickness of the dermis was measured. CEUS was performed to evaluate the depth of burn wounds and compared with pathological results. RESULTS:(I) After scalding, dermal tissue edema occurred, and the thickness of the dermis measured by a US tended to increase gradually, related to the time of scalding and the order of measurement. (II) With the prolongation of the burn time, the depth of filling by contrast agent gradually increased, from the superficial dermis to the deep dermis and subcutaneous tissue, indicating that the depth of tissue damage gradually increased. This was consistent with the pathological observation. The thickness of the healthy dermis was about 1.3-1.8 mm, and 2.7-4.1 mm after scalding. The depth of the burn wounds was 0.9-4.1 mm, accounting for 32-100% of the full skin thickness. CONCLUSIONS:CEUS is a convenient and fast examination method that is consistent with pathological diagnosis of the depth of burn wounds and could prove valuable for the accurate assessment of burn injuries. 10.21037/atm-21-3715
Non-invasive medical imaging technology for the diagnosis of burn depth. International wound journal Currently, the clinical diagnosis of burn depth primarily relies on physicians' judgements based on patients' symptoms and physical signs, particularly the morphological characteristics of the wound. This method highly depends on individual doctors' clinical experience, proving challenging for less experienced or primary care physicians, with results often varying from one practitioner to another. Therefore, scholars have been exploring an objective and quantitative auxiliary examination technique to enhance the accuracy and consistency of burn depth diagnosis. Non-invasive medical imaging technology, with its significant advantages in examining tissue surface morphology, blood flow in deep and changes in structure and composition, has become a hot topic in burn diagnostic technology research in recent years. This paper reviews various non-invasive medical imaging technologies that have shown potential in burn depth diagnosis. These technologies are summarized and synthesized in terms of imaging principles, current research status, advantages and limitations, aiming to provide a reference for clinical application or research for burn specialists. 10.1111/iwj.14681