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Green synthesis of carbon quantum dots and their environmental applications. Environmental research Green synthesis of scalable, high-quality, fluorescent carbon quantum dots (CQDs) from natural biomass remains attractive due to their outstanding environmental application. CQDs are an emerging class of zero-dimensional carbon nanomaterials (<10 nm) that have recently attracted much attention due to their strong optical properties, biocompatibility, nontoxicity, uniform particle size, high photostability, low-cost synthesis, and highly tunable photoluminescence. The unique properties of CQDs possess a broad range of prospective applications in a number of fields such as metal ions detection, photocatalysis, sensing, medical diagnosis, bioimaging, and drug delivery. CQD nanostructures are synthesized using various techniques such as hydrothermal method, laser ablation, microwave irradiation, electrochemical oxidation, reflux method, and ultrasonication. However, this type of fabrication approach requires several chemical reactions including oxidation, carbonization, and pyrolysis. Green synthesis of CQDs has several advantages such as the use of low-cost and non-toxic raw materials, renewable resources, simple operations, and being environment-friendly. This review article will discuss the physicochemical properties of CQDs techniques used in the production of CQDs, and the stability of CQDs along with their applications in wastewater treatment and biomedical fields. 10.1016/j.envres.2022.113283
Carbon quantum dots: recent progresses on synthesis, surface modification and applications. Farshbaf Masoud,Davaran Soodabeh,Rahimi Fariborz,Annabi Nasim,Salehi Roya,Akbarzadeh Abolfazl Artificial cells, nanomedicine, and biotechnology Generally, carbon nanoparticles with a size of 10 nm (or less) are called carbon quantum dots (CQDs, C-dots or CD), which have created huge excitement due to their advantages in chemical inertness, high water solubility, excellent biocompatibility, resistance to photobleaching and various optical superiority. In this article, we describe the recent advancements in the area of CQDs; concentrating on their synthesis techniques, size control, surface modification approaches, optical properties, luminescent mechanism, and their applications in bioimaging, biosensing, drug delivery and catalysis. 10.1080/21691401.2017.1377725
Engineering Semiconductor Quantum Dots for Selectivity Switch on High-Performance Heterogeneous Coupling Photosynthesis. ACS nano Semiconductor-based photoredox catalysis brings an innovative strategy for sustainable organic transformation (e.g., C-C/C-X bond formation), via radical coupling under mild conditions. However, since semiconductors interact with photogenerated radicals unselectively, the precise control of selectivity for such organic synthesis by steering radical conversion is extremely challenging. Here, by the judicious design of a structurally well-defined and atomically dispersed cocatalyst over semiconductor quantum dots, we demonstrate the precise selectivity switch on high-performance selective heterogeneous coupling photosynthesis of a C-C bond or a C-N bond along with hydrogen production over the Ni-oxo cluster and single Pd atom-decorated CdS quantum dots crafted onto the SiO support. Mechanistic studies unveil that the Ph(CH)NH and PhCHNH act as dominant radical intermediates for such divergent organic synthesis of C-C coupled vicinal diamines and C-N coupled imines, as respectively enabled by Ni-oxo clusters assisted radical-radical coupling and single Pd atom-assisted radical addition-elimination. This work overcomes the pervasive difficulties of selectivity regulation in semiconductor-based photochemical synthesis, highlighting a vista of utilizing atomically dispersed cocatalysts as active sites to maneuver unselective radical conversion by engineering quantum dots toward selective heterogeneous photosynthesis. 10.1021/acsnano.2c08652
Small Carbon Quantum Dots, Large Photosynthesis Enhancement. Gong Yan,Zhao Jie Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 10.1021/acs.jafc.8b01788