logo logo
Association between depression and infertility risk among American women aged 18-45 years: the mediating effect of the NHHR. Lipids in health and disease BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE:Depression and infertility are major medical and social problems. The non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (NHHR) serves as an innovative and reliable lipid marker for cardiovascular disease risk assessment. Previous research has indicated a potential correlation among lipid metabolism, depression, and infertility. Nonetheless, the exact involvement of lipid metabolism in modulating the pathological mechanisms associated with depression-induced infertility remains to be fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to explore the connection between depression and infertility and to assess whether the NHHR mediates this association. METHODS:A cross-sectional analysis was performed utilizing data from there cycles (2013-2018) of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database. Female infertility was assessed according to the responses to the RHQ074 question in the reproductive health questionnaire module. Depression states were evaluated using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and classified into three grades based on the total scores: no depression (0-4 points), minimal-to-mild depression (5-9 points) and moderate-to-severe depression (10 or more points). The NHHR was calculated from laboratory cholesterol test results. Baseline population characteristics were compared, and subgroup analyses were carried out based on the stratification of age and body mass index (BMI). Weighted multivariable logistic regression and linear regression models, with adjustments for various covariables, were employed to examine the associations among depression, infertility and the NHHR. Finally, mediation analysis was utilized to explore the NHHR's potential mediating role in depression states and female infertility. RESULTS:Within this cross-sectional study, 2,668 women aged 18 to 45 years residing in the United States were recruited, 305 (11.43%) of whom experienced infertility. The study revealed a markedly higher prevalence of depression (P = 0.040) and elevated NHHR (P < 0.001) among infertile women compared to the control cohort. Furthermore, moderate-to-severe depression states independently correlated with increased infertility risk, irrespective of adjustments for various covariables. Subgroup analysis indicated a positive association between depression and infertility risk within certain age categories, although no such relationship was observed within subgroups stratified by BMI. The findings from the weighted logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the elevated NHHR is positively associated with heightened infertility risk. Additionally, the weighted linear regression analysis indicated that moderate-to-severe depression is positively linked to the NHHR levels as well. Finally, the association between depression states and female infertility was partially mediated by the NHHR, with the mediation proportion estimated at 6.57%. CONCLUSION:In the United States, depression is strongly correlated with an increased likelihood of infertility among women of childbearing age, with evidence suggesting that this relationship is mediated by the NHHR. Subsequent research efforts should further explore the underlying mechanisms connecting depression and infertility. 10.1186/s12944-024-02164-3
Associations of Serum Carotenoids With Risk of Cardiovascular Mortality Among Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes: Results From NHANES. Diabetes care OBJECTIVE:Although carotenoids have been suggested to exhibit antioxidant properties, some experimental studies reported that β-carotene may show pro-oxidant effects under certain conditions. Current evidence regarding the cardiovascular effects of carotenoids among patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is scarce. This study aimed to prospectively examine the associations of individual serum carotenoid concentrations with cardiovascular mortality among adults with T2D. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:This analysis included 3,107 individuals with T2D from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) and NHANES 2001-2006. Cardiovascular mortality was ascertained by linkage to National Death Index records through 31 December 2015. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs. RESULTS:During an average of 14 years of follow-up, 441 cardiovascular deaths occurred. After multivariate adjustment including lifestyles, dietary factors, glucose control, and other major carotenoids, higher serum β-carotene concentrations were significantly associated with an elevated risk of cardiovascular mortality in a dose-response manner. When extreme quartiles of β-carotene were compared, the multivariable-adjusted HR was 2.47 (95% CI 1.62, 3.76) for cardiovascular mortality (Ptrend = 0.002); and per one-unit increment in natural log-transformed serum β-carotene was associated with a 46% higher risk of cardiovascular mortality (P = 0.001). Other individual carotenoids (α-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, and lutein/zeaxanthin) were not significantly associated with the risk of cardiovascular mortality. Consistent results were observed when stratifying by age, sex, race, BMI, smoking status, diabetes duration, and glycated hemoglobin A1c levels. CONCLUSIONS:Higher concentrations of serum β-carotene, but not other individual carotenoids, were significantly associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality among individuals with T2D. Our findings, if replicated, underscore the need to estimate the optimal serum β-carotene concentrations in individuals with T2D. 10.2337/dc21-2371
Associations between apolipoprotein B and bone mineral density: a population-based study. BMC musculoskeletal disorders BACKGROUND:Lipids are critical in bone metabolism, and several studies have highlighted their importance. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between apolipoprotein B (apo B) and bone mineral density (BMD) at different skeletal sites (lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total femur) and to compare the influence of apo B with other traditional lipid markers. METHODS:The study included participants from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 2011 and 2016 who had complete data for apo B and BMD at the three skeletal sites. We used weighted multivariate regression analysis, subgroup analysis, and interaction tests to examine associations. Restricted cubic spline (RCS) was used to examine the non-linear relationship. RESULTS:A total of 4,258 adults were included in the study. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that the relationship between apo B and BMD varied by skeletal site: a negative association was found with lumbar spine BMD [β = -0.054, 95%CI: (-0.073, -0.035)]. In contrast, a positive association was found with femoral neck BMD [β = 0.031, 95%CI: (0.011, 0.051)] and no significant association between apo B and total femur BMD. CONCLUSIONS:Our findings suggest that apo B is associated with BMD in a site-specific manner. 10.1186/s12891-023-06990-x
Correlation between systemic inflammatory response index and thyroid function: 2009-2012 NHANES results. Frontiers in endocrinology Aims:This study investigates the relationship between the Systemic Inflammatory Response Index (SIRI) and thyroid function. Methods:Utilizing data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2012, we excluded participants lacking SIRI or thyroid function data, those under 20 years, and pregnant individuals. SIRI was determined using blood samples. We conducted weighted multivariate regression and subgroup analyses to discern the independent relationship between SIRI and thyroid function. Results:The study included 1,641 subjects, with an average age of 47.26±16.77 years, including 48.65% males and 51.35% females. The population was divided into three SIRI-based groups (Q1-Q3). Q3, compared to Q1, exhibited higher age-at-onset, greater male prevalence, and increased levels of FT3, FT4, TT4, leukocytes, and triglycerides. This group also showed a higher incidence of diabetes, hypertension, and smoking. Notably, Q1 had lower LDL and HDL levels. SIRI maintained a positive association with FT4 ( = 0.01, 95% CI = 0.00-0.03, P for trend = 0.0071), TT4 ( = 0.20, 95% CI = 0.10, 0.31, for trend=0.0001), and TPOAb ( = 8.0, 95% CI = 1.77-14.30, for trend = 0.0120), indicating that each quartile increase in SIRI corresponded to a 0.01 ng/dL increase in FT4, a 0.2 g/dL increase in TT4, and an 8.03 IU/mL rise in TPOAb. The subgroup analysis suggested the SIRI-thyroid function correlation was influenced by hypertension. Conclusion:Inflammation may impact the development and progression of thyroid function disorders. Proactive anti-inflammatory treatment might mitigate thyroid abnormalities. 10.3389/fendo.2023.1305386
Positive association between high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and bone mineral density in U.S. adults: the NHANES 2011-2018. Xie Ruijie,Huang Xiongjie,Liu Qianlong,Liu Mingjiang Journal of orthopaedic surgery and research BACKGROUND:Serum lipids are highly inheritable and play a major role in bone health. However, the relationship between high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and bone mineral density (BMD) remains uncertain. The goal of this study was to see if there was a link between HDL-C levels and BMD in persons aged 20-59. METHODS:Multivariate logistic regression models were used to determine the link between HDL-C and lumbar BMD using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2018. Generalized additive models and fitted smoothing curves were also used. RESULTS:The analysis included a total of 10,635 adults. After controlling for various variables, we discovered that HDL-C was positively linked with lumbar BMD. The favorable connection of HDL-C with lumbar BMD was maintained in subgroup analyses stratified by sex and race in women, but not in men, and in blacks, but not in whites. The relationship between HDL-C and lumbar BMD in men and whites was a U-shaped curve with the same inflection point: 0.98 mmol/L. CONCLUSIONS:In people aged 20 to 59, our research discovered a positive relationship among HDL-C and lumbar BMD. Among males and whites, this relationship followed a U-shaped curve (inflection point: 0.98 mmol/L). HDL-C measurement might be used as a responsive biomarker for detecting osteoporosis early and guiding therapy. 10.1186/s13018-022-02986-w