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Repurposing CRISPR RNA-guided integrases system for one-step, efficient genomic integration of ultra-long DNA sequences. Nucleic acids research Genomic integration techniques offer opportunities for generation of engineered microorganisms with improved or even entirely new functions but are currently limited by inability for efficient insertion of long genetic payloads due to multiplexing. Herein, using Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 as a model, we developed an optimized CRISPR-associated transposase from cyanobacteria Scytonema hofmanni (ShCAST system), which enables programmable, RNA-guided transposition of ultra-long DNA sequences (30 kb) onto bacterial chromosomes at ∼100% efficiency in a single orientation. In this system, a crRNA (CRISPR RNA) was used to target multicopy loci like insertion-sequence elements or combining I-SceI endonuclease, thereby allowing efficient single-step multiplexed or iterative DNA insertions. The engineered strain exhibited drastically improved substrate diversity and extracellular electron transfer ability, verifying the success of this system. Our work greatly expands the application range and flexibility of genetic engineering techniques and may be readily extended to other bacteria for better controlling various microbial processes. 10.1093/nar/gkac554
A new recombineering system for precise genome-editing in Shewanella oneidensis strain MR-1 using single-stranded oligonucleotides. Corts Anna D,Thomason Lynn C,Gill Ryan T,Gralnick Jeffrey A Scientific reports Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 is an invaluable host for the discovery and engineering of pathways important for bioremediation of toxic and radioactive metals and understanding extracellular electron transfer. However, genetic manipulation is challenging due to the lack of genetic tools. Previously, the only reliable method used for introducing DNA into Shewanella spp. at high efficiency was bacterial conjugation, enabling transposon mutagenesis and targeted knockouts using suicide vectors for gene disruptions. Here, we describe development of a robust and simple electroporation method in S. oneidensis that allows an efficiency of ~4.0 x 10 transformants/µg DNA. High transformation efficiency is maintained when cells are frozen for long term storage. In addition, we report a new prophage-mediated genome engineering (recombineering) system using a λ Red Beta homolog from Shewanella sp. W3-18-1. By targeting two different chromosomal alleles, we demonstrate its application for precise genome editing using single strand DNA oligonucleotides and show that an efficiency of ~5% recombinants among total cells can be obtained. This is the first effective and simple strategy for recombination with markerless mutations in S. oneidensis. Continued development of this recombinant technology will advance high-throughput and genome modification efforts to engineer and investigate S. oneidensis and other environmental bacteria. 10.1038/s41598-018-37025-4
Enhancing Extracellular Electron Transfer of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 through Coupling Improved Flavin Synthesis and Metal-Reducing Conduit for Pollutant Degradation. Min Di,Cheng Lei,Zhang Feng,Huang Xue-Na,Li Dao-Bo,Liu Dong-Feng,Lau Tai-Chu,Mu Yang,Yu Han-Qing Environmental science & technology Dissimilatory metal reducing bacteria (DMRB) are capable of extracellular electron transfer (EET) to insoluble metal oxides, which are used as external electron acceptors by DMRB for their anaerobic respiration. The EET process has important contribution to environmental remediation mineral cycling, and bioelectrochemical systems. However, the low EET efficiency remains to be one of the major bottlenecks for its practical applications for pollutant degradation. In this work, Shewanella oneidensis MR-1, a model DMRB, was used to examine the feasibility of enhancing the EET and its biodegradation capacity through genetic engineering. A flavin biosynthesis gene cluster ribD-ribC-ribBA-ribE and metal-reducing conduit biosynthesis gene cluster mtrC-mtrA-mtrB were coexpressed in S. oneidensis MR-1. Compared to the control strain, the engineered strain was found to exhibit an improved EET capacity in microbial fuel cells and potentiostat-controlled electrochemical cells, with an increase in maximum current density by approximate 110% and 87%, respectively. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) analysis showed that the current increase correlated with the lower interfacial charge-transfer resistance of the engineered strain. Meanwhile, a three times more rapid removal rate of methyl orange by the engineered strain confirmed the improvement of its EET and biodegradation ability. Our results demonstrate that coupling of improved synthesis of mediators and metal-reducing conduits could be an efficient strategy to enhance EET in S. oneidensis MR-1, which is essential to the applications of DMRB for environmental remediation, wastewater treatment, and bioenergy recovery from wastes. 10.1021/acs.est.6b04640