logo logo
Systematic review of clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of retinal vein occlusion. Eye (London, England) BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:To assess the methodological quality of Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) for the diagnosis and management of Retinal Vein Occlusion (RVO). METHODS:A systematic review of CPGs for the diagnosis and management of RVO was carried out with a search in databases, metasearch engines, CPG development institutions, ophthalmology associations and CPG repositories until April 2022. Search update was performed on April 2023, with no new record available. Five CPGs published in the last 10 years in English/Spanish were selected, and 5 authors evaluated them independently, using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE-II) instrument. An individual assessment of each CPG by domain (AGREE-II), an overall assessment of the guide, and its use with or without modifications were performed. Additionally, a meta-synthesis of the recommendations for the most relevant outcomes was carried out. RESULTS:The lowest score (mean 18.8%) was for domain 5 'applicability', and the highest score (mean 62%) was for domain 4 'clarity of presentation'. The 2019 American guideline (PPP) presented the best score (40.4%) in domain 3 'rigour of development'. When evaluating the overall quality of the CPGs analysed, all CPGs could be recommended with modifications. In the meta-synthesis, anti-VEGF therapy is the first-choice therapy for macular oedema associated with RVO, but there is no clear recommendation about the type of anti-VEGF therapy to choose. Recommendations for diagnosis and follow-up are similar among the CPGs appraised. CONCLUSION:Most CPGs for the diagnosis and management of RVO have a low methodological quality assessed according to the AGREE-II. PPP has the higher score in the domain 'rigour of development'. Among the CPGs appraised, there is no clear recommendation on the type of anti-VEGF therapy to choose. 10.1038/s41433-024-03008-1
Clinical evaluation of ranibizumab and conbercept for the treatment of macular edema secondary to central retinal-vein occlusion. Asian journal of surgery 10.1016/j.asjsur.2024.02.121
The protective effect of anti-VEGF-A/Ang-2 bispecific antibody on retinal vein occlusion model mice. European journal of pharmacology (233/250) Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) causes macular edema and retinal ischemia resulting in visual field and vision loss. A bispecific antibody that blocks VEGF-A and angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) has been recently launched and applied clinically to treat macular edema, but the role of Ang-2 in the pathogenesis of RVO is still unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of the anti-VEGF-A/anti-Ang-2 bispecific antibody (BsAb) in a murine RVO model. By using RVO model mice, the expression of Ang-2 gene and protein was examined in the retina through real-time qPCR and Western blotting, respectively. A significant increase in Ang-2 was detected 1 day after occlusion. Immediately after occlusion, control IgG 400 μg/mL, anti-VEGF-A antibody 200 μg/mL, anti-Ang-2 antibody 200 μg/mL, and BsAb 400 μg/mL were intravitreally administered at 2 μL. Visual function was examined using electroretinograms, and apoptosis was examined using TUNEL staining. Interestingly, BsAb partially suppressed the decrease in amplitude of a and b waves compared to control IgG. Anti-Ang-2 antibody and BsAb reduced apoptosis-positive cells 1 day after occlusion. Comprehensive gene expression profiles were also examined using RNA sequencing analysis. RNA sequencing analysis of the retinal tissues showed that BsAb suppressed expression of gene groups associated with inflammatory response and vascular development compared to anti-VEGF-A antibody. Taken together, higher expression of Ang-2 contributes to the pathophysiology of RVO, providing a possible mechanism for the efficacy of BsAb in suppressing retinal dysfunction in RVO. 10.1016/j.ejphar.2024.176691