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Study of the factors causing medical disputes in a Third-Level Grade A Hospital in Shanghai. Liu Yu,Bai Yonghai,Wang Pei,Xu Zhongliang The International journal of health planning and management OBJECTIVE:By analyzing cases of medical disputes occurred in one of top hospitals in Shanghai from 2012 to 2014, the paper tries to determine the causes and cures of the disputes based on relevant national and international experience. METHODS:A cluster sample of medical disputes occurred in the hospital from 2012 to 2014 was selected, to which logistic regression analysis was applied in order to determine the factors causing medical disputes. RESULTS:Inadequate experience in dealing with unexpected incidents (P = 0.002), violation of routine procedures for diagnosis and treatment (P = 0.004), and therapeutic effects (P = 0.007) were found to be statistically significant. CONCLUSION:Medical disputes in the hospital would be substantially reduced by taking such measures as strengthening trainings on how to deal with unexpected incidents for medical staff, standardizing procedures for clinical practices, and improving the therapeutic effects of various diseases. 10.1002/hpm.2599
Resolving Disagreement: A Multi-Jurisdictional Comparative Analysis of Disputes About Children's Medical Care. Auckland Cressida,Goold Imogen Medical law review Recently, the English courts have dealt with a number high-profile, emotive disputes over the care of very ill children, including Charlie Gard, Alfie Evans, and Tafida Raqeeb. It is perhaps fair to say such cases have become a regular feature of the courts in England. But is the situation similar in other jurisdictions? If not, are there lessons to be learned from these jurisdictions that do not seem to need to call on judges to resolve these otherwise intractable disputes? We argue that many of the differences we see between jurisdictions derive from cultural and social differences manifesting in both the legal rules in place, and how the various parties interact with, and defer to, one another. We further argue that while recourse to the courts is undesirable in many ways, it is also indicative of a society that permits difference of views and provides for these differences to be considered in a public manner following clear procedural and precedential rules. These are the hallmarks of a liberal democracy that allows for pluralism of values, while still remaining committed to protecting the most vulnerable parties in these disputes-children facing life-limiting conditions. 10.1093/medlaw/fwaa020
Analysis on Forensic Expertise of 49 Medical Disputes in Prenatal Examination. Yang X P,Chen F,Liu X,Zhou X R Fa yi xue za zhi OBJECTIVES:To analyze the cases of medical disputes involving prenatal examination from a point of view of forensic expertise, and to discuss the risk of medical disputes and the preventive measures. METHODS:A retrospective analysis was conducted on 49 forensic expertise cases of medical disputes in prenatal examination which were identified in Academy of Forensic Science and Shanghai Di'an Forensic Science Limited Company from 2010 to 2017. RESULTS:In recent years, the number of medical disputes involving prenatal examination showed an increasing trend year by year. The common causes of medical disputes were: uninformed or insufficiently informed disclosure (20 cases); the propaganda and application of three-dimensional, four-dimensional ultrasound were not standardized (14 cases); ultrasound examination and serological screening process were not standardized (12 cases); no antenatal counseling (2 cases), etc. CONCLUSIONS:In order to minimize the occurrence of such medical disputes, hospitals or related associations should avoid the risk of prenatal examination through the standardization of management and operation. 10.12116/j.issn.1004-5619.2018.05.014
The Association of Market Mix of Hospital Ownership With Medical Disputes: Evidence From China. Lan Tianjiao,Pan Jay Inquiry : a journal of medical care organization, provision and financing The prevalence and severity of medical disputes in China have attracted the attention of society and academia, and how to alleviate medical disputes has become a major concern. Following the implementation of a series of policies, the private sector in China's hospital market has expanded rapidly over the past decade. It remains unknown whether the market mix of hospital ownership could alleviate medical disputes, this study aims to bridge the gap. Data are collected from all hospitals (2171) in Sichuan province, China, from 2012 to 2015. Using a negative binomial hurdle model, the results show that for hospitals with disputes, the private hospital market share has an inverted U-shaped relationship with the number of disputes. However, no significant relationship is found between the private hospital market share and the probability of dispute occurrence. For hospitals with disputes, competition plays a protective role in the effect of the private hospital market share on the number of disputes, hindering the increase in the number of disputes and facilitating a more rapid drop. However, medical quality is found to play an insignificant role in that effect. The findings also support encouraging new private hospitals in China rather than privatizing existing public hospitals. 10.1177/0046958020971403
Risk management and empirical study of the doctor-patient relationship: based on 1790 litigation cases of medical damage liability disputes in China. BMC health services research BACKGROUND:Compensation for medical damage liability disputes (CMDLD) seriously hinders the healthy development of hospitals and undermines the harmony of the doctor-patient relationships (DPR). Risk management in the DPR has become an urgent issue of the day. The study aims to provide a comprehensive description of CMDLD in China and explore its influencing factors, and make corresponding recommendations for the management of risks in the DPR. METHODS:This study extracted data from the China Judgment Online - the official judicial search website with the most comprehensive coverage. Statistical analysis of 1,790 litigation cases of medical damage liability disputes (COMDLD) available from 2015 to 2021. RESULTS:COMDLD generally tended to increase with the year and was unevenly distributed by regions; the compensation rate was 52.46%, the median compensation was 134,900 yuan and the maximum was 2,234,666 yuan; the results of the single factor analysis showed that there were statistically significant differences between the compensation for different years, regions, treatment attributes, and trial procedures (P < 0.05); the correlation analysis showed that types of hospitals were significantly negatively associated with regions (R=-0.082, P < 0.05); trial procedures were significantly negatively correlated with years (R=-0.484, P < 0.001); compensat- ion was significantly positively correlated with years, regions, and treatment attributes (R = 0.098-0.294, P < 0.001) and negatively correlated with trial procedures (R=-0.090, P < 0.01); regression analysis showed that years, treatment attributes, and regions were the main factors affecting the CMDLD (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Years, regions, treatment attributes, and trial procedures affect the outcome of CMDLD. This paper further puts forward relevant suggestions and countermeasures for the governance of doctor-patient risks based on the empirical results. Including rational allocation of medical resources to narrow the differences between regions; promoting the expansion and sinking of high-quality resources to improve the level of medical services in hospitals at all levels; and developing a third-party negotiation mechanism for medical disputes to reduce the cost of medical litigation. 10.1186/s12913-024-10952-x
Forensic Analysis of 43 Medical Disputes Caused by Death after Cardiac Surgery. Dai Y D,Chen Y C,Shi R J,Zheng J P,Ma Q Q,Liu S P,Quan L,Luo B Fa yi xue za zhi Abstract:Objective To explore the causes and characteristics of medical disputes caused by death after cardiac surgery and to analyze the pathological changes after cardiac surgery and the key points of forensic anatomy, thus to provide pathological evidence for clinical diagnosis and treatment of cardiac surgery and judicial appraisal as well as reference for the prevention of medical disputes in such cases. Methods Forensic pathological cases of medical disputes caused by death after cardiac surgery which were accepted by the Center for Medicolegal Expertise of Sun Yat-Sen University from 2013 to 2018 were analyzed retrospectively from aspects such as causes of death, pathological diagnosis, surgery condition, medical misconduct, and so on. Results The causes of death after cardiac surgery of 43 patients were abnormal operation, low cardiac output syndrome, postoperative infection, postoperative thrombosis, and other diseases. Among the 43 cases, there were 18 cases without medical fault while 25 cases had medical fault. Conclusion The medical disputes caused by death after cardiac surgery are closely related to the operative technique and postoperative complications. The causes of medical faults include defects in diagnosis and treatment technique, as well as unfulfillment of duty of care. 10.12116/j.issn.1004-5619.2019.491105
Fostering guardians for frontline medical disputes: a government-led medical dispute mediator training program in Taiwan. BMC health services research BACKGROUND:Mediation is increasingly used for medical dispute resolution, and the particularity of such mediation necessitates specialized training. In response to the promotion of compulsory mediation ahead of a legislation in Taiwan, we invited experts with an interdisciplinary team to design a case-based mediator training workshop. Our study aimed to investigate the learning outcomes of trainees and analyze their perspectives. METHODS:We recruited 129 trainees of a non-probability convenience sample who served as mediators or have dealt with medical dispute-related cases to undergo 2.5 h of lectures (introduction; procedure; roles of two mediators; principles and techniques of mediation; dispute arrangement; and issue analysis) and 1.5 h of case-based exercises. An after-class survey was conducted using a 4-point Likert-type scale to evaluate trainees' viewpoints and learning outcomes. A total of 104 questionnaires were collected (response rate: 80.6%). RESULTS:The professions of the participants were medical (56%), law (16%), and administration and others (28%). Males considered the course more helpful (3.79 vs. 3.63, p = 0.053) and more important (3.88 vs. 3.74, p = 0.042) than did females. Participants with a legal background scored the highest in helpfulness (3.84), followed by medical (3.74) and administrative (3.63) professionals. Medical and administrative professionals scored the highest (3.85) and lowest (3.76), respectively, on importance. Respondents with more than 10 years (3.81) and less than 1 year (3.79) of experience produced higher scores in helpfulness. Respondents with 1-5 years of experience (3.68) were found to be less likely to agree with the practical importance of course content compared with other groups of trainees. Administrative professionals obtained the highest scores (89.68) in written examinations. CONCLUSIONS:There are variations in mediators' perspectives based on gender, occupation, and work experience. Our nationwide mediation training workshop can be utilized to cultivate capabilities of mediators for handling medical disputes to achieve the goal of non-litigation in medical disputes. 10.1186/s12913-022-08909-z
[The mechanisms of regulation of disputes concerning inappropriate medical services support]. Shmelev I A,Sergeev V V,Kupryakhin V A Problemy sotsial'noi gigieny, zdravookhraneniia i istorii meditsiny The article presents the results of comparative study of dispute resolution mechanisms related to the improper provision of medical services. On the basis of consumer model of physician-patient relationship basic options of pretrial and alternative mechanisms of settlements of disputes related to inadequate rendering of paid medical services are considered. On the basis of legal design for consumers and medical personnel the simple and evident statement of possible alternatives of mechanisms of settlement of disputes is presented. Te preferable design is consecutive application of all pretrial and alternative mechanisms of settlement of disputes. In case when there is no desirable result is the final decision is taken by court. It is concluded that the settlement of most disputes (90%) using pretrial and alternative dispute resolution mechanisms will significantly reduce time to resolve conflicts, as well as minimize unfavorable moral and economic consequences for consumers and providers of medical services. 10.32687/0869-866X-2021-29-2-278-281
The Efficacy of Rule of Law Publicity Short Video Platforms in the Prevention of Medical Disputes Among Healthcare Professionals: A Propensity Score Analysis. Risk management and healthcare policy Background:Medical disputes are a recurrent and pressing issue in hospitals, posing significant challenges to the functioning of medical institutions. We aimed to investigate whether receiving rule of law publicity on short video platforms is relevant to preventing medical disputes among healthcare professionals. Methods:We collected the data from 37,978 medical professionals from 130 tertiary public hospitals. Participants were classified into two groups according to the presence of receiving rule of law publicity on short video platforms. A subgroup analysis was performed before and after propensity score analysis, and multiple logistic regression was used to identify risk factors for medical disputes. Results:Among all participants, 46.1% (17,506/37,978) experienced medical disputes. Before propensity score analysis, the prevalence of medical disputes among participants who received rule of law publicity on short video platforms was similar to that among participants who did not (P = 0.639). However, after propensity score analysis, participants who received the rule of law publicity on short video platforms did not show a benefit effect. These participants had a significantly higher rate of suffering from medical disputes than participants who did not receive publicity on this platform (P=0.020). Multiple logistic regression analysis confirmed that receiving the rule of law publicity through short video platforms (P=0.010) or MicroBlog (P = 0.016), and previously facing legal issues outside of medical work (P < 0.001) were risk factors for medical disputes; participating in legal training organized by hospitals (P=0.004) and the hospital rule of law being very good (P=0.045) were protective factors. Conclusion:Medical disputes are a common occurrence within the healthcare profession. However, using short video platforms to promote the rule of law is not an effective method to prevent disputes. Instead, healthcare professionals can benefit from participating in legal training and having a well-established rule of law within the hospital construct. 10.2147/RMHP.S432550
Medical disputes and patient satisfaction in China: How does hospital management matter? The International journal of health planning and management OBJECTIVE:Satisfaction with healthcare may be captured by surveys of patients and staff, or in extreme cases, the number and severity of medical disputes. This study tries to investigate the relationship between satisfaction and hospital management as well as the role of good management in preventing medical disputes ex ante. METHOD:We investigate this relationship using information on management practices collected from 510 hospitals in mainland China using the World Management Survey questionnaire and combined with medical malpractice litigation data and patient/staff satisfaction surveys. Multiple regression models were used to analyse the relationship between hospital management scores and medical litigation outcomes as well as patient and staff satisfaction during 2014-2016. RESULTS:An increase of one standard deviation in the management score was related to 13.1% (p < 0.10) lower incidence of medical disputes, 12.4% (p < 0.05) fewer medical litigations, and 51.3% (p < 0.10) less compensation. Better management quality of hospitals was associated with higher inpatient satisfaction (p < 0.05) and staff well-being (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION:Improving hospital management could reduce hospital costs generated by lawsuits, reduce potential harm to patients, and improve patient and staff satisfaction, thus leading to a better patient-physician relationship. 10.1002/hpm.3399
Are They Thinking Differently? The Perceptions and Differences in Medical Disputes between Veterinarians and Clients. Veterinary sciences Medical disputes in veterinary practices are widespread; yet, a limited amount of research has been conducted to investigate the factors contributing to medical disputes. This study examined veterinarians' and clients' perceptions regarding risk factors and possible solutions to medical disputes. A total of 245 respondents from Taiwan, including 125 veterinarians and 120 clients, completed an electronic self-administered, semi-structured questionnaire in 2022. The questionnaire covered six dimensions: medical skills, complaint management, the attitudes of stakeholders during interactions, medical expenses, clients' perspectives, and communication modes. The results highlighted significant differences in the perceptions of risk factors for inducing medical disputes and possible solutions between clients and veterinarians in veterinary practice. First, young veterinarians and clients perceived medical skills as the highest risk factor for inducing medical disputes, while experienced veterinarians disagreed ( < 0.001). In addition, veterinarians with medical dispute experience identified stakeholders' attitudes during interactions as the top contributing factor. Second, regarding possible solutions, all veterinarians preferred offering clients cost estimates and cultivating empathy and compassion towards them. On the other hand, clients underscored the importance of obtaining informed consent for treatments and expenses and suggested that veterinarians should supply comprehensive written information to facilitate this process. This study underlies the importance of understanding stakeholders' perceptions to mitigate medical disputes and advocates for improved communication education and training for young veterinarians. These findings provide valuable insights for veterinarians and clients, contributing to preventing and managing medical disputes in veterinary practices. 10.3390/vetsci10050367
Plaintiff aims in medical negligence disputes: limitations of an adversarial system. Medical law review The adversarial nature of medical negligence litigation is subject to frequent criticism by the media, patient advocates, and scholars. In Ireland, reform of the medical negligence dynamic is often mooted, particularly in response to the high financial costs of this type of litigation; however, change in this area has been slow. Recently, the Irish courts have dealt with a number of high-profile, medical negligence disputes, including claims for those affected by the CervicalCheck controversy, which involved the failure to disclose the results of a retrospective audit to women who had developed cervical cancer. These cases have again highlighted the shortcomings of an adversarial system. This article explores the limitations of the tort system in the context of plaintiff aims in medical negligence disputes, drawing on empirical findings (qualitative interviews with patient support groups and barristers), and the literature. In doing so, the article argues that while financial compensation is necessary and appropriate in cases of medical negligence, the current system fails to recognise the often emotional nature of these claims, and the wider needs and aims of litigants involved in these disputes. 10.1093/medlaw/fwac037
Comparison of Medical Dispute Resolution Mechanisms in China and Abroad. Fa yi xue za zhi Medical disputes are one of the common problems concerned by the whole world. All countries and regions have established their own medical dispute resolution mechanisms, in accordance with their own national conditions. Medical dispute identification opinions, as one of the important bases for identifying the responsibilities of both doctors and patients, play a pivotal role in the process of dispute settlement. A reasonable medical dispute resolution mechanism and standardized medical dispute identification model can help resolve disputes flexibly and reduce the conflict between doctors and patients. This paper briefly compares the medical dispute resolution mechanism and identification mode of China and several other representative countries (the United States, Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, etc.), and discusses their respective characteristics and shortcomings, to bring some enlightenment to the medical dispute resolution and identification in our country. 10.12116/j.issn.1004-5619.2022.220106
Disagreement, mediation, arbitration: resolving disputes about medical treatment. Lancet (London, England) 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31220-0
Association between hospital legal constructions and medical disputes: A multi-center analysis of 130 tertiary hospitals in Hunan Province, China. Frontiers in public health Background:Medical disputes are common in hospitals and a major challenge for the operations of medical institutions. However, few studies have looked into the association between medical disputes and hospital legal constructions. The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between hospital legal constructions and medical disputes, and it also aimed to develop a nomogram to estimate the likelihood of medical disputes. Methods:Between July and September 2021, 2,716 administrators from 130 hospitals were enrolled for analysis. The study collected seventeen variables for examination. To establish a nomogram, administrators were randomly split into a training group ( = 1,358) and a validation group ( = 1,358) with a 50:50 ratio. The nomogram was developed using data from participants in the training group, and it was validated in the validation group. The nomogram contained significant variables that were linked to medical disputes and were identified by multivariate analysis. The nomogram's predictive performance was assessed utilizing discriminative and calibrating ability. A web calculator was developed to be conducive to model utility. Results:Medical disputes were observed in 41.53% (1,128/2,716) of participants. Five characteristics, including male gender, higher professional ranks, longer length of service, worse understanding of the hospital charters, and worse construction status of hospital rule of law, were significantly associated with more medical disputes based on the multivariate analysis. As a result, these variables were included in the nomogram development. The AUROC was 0.67 [95% confident interval (CI): 0.64-0.70] in the training group and 0.68 (95% CI: 0.66-0.71) in the validation group. The corresponding calibration slopes were 1.00 and 1.05, respectively, and intercepts were 0.00 and -0.06, respectively. Three risk groups were created among the participants: Those in the high-risk group experienced medical disputes 2.83 times more frequently than those in the low-risk group ( < 0.001). Conclusion:Medical dispute is prevailing among hospital administrators, and it can be reduced by the effective constructions of hospital rule of law. This study proposes a novel nomogram to estimate the likelihood of medical disputes specifically among administrators in tertiary hospitals, and a web calculator can be available at https://ymgarden.shinyapps.io/Predictionofmedicaldisputes/. 10.3389/fpubh.2022.993946
The role of mediation in solving medical disputes in China. BMC health services research BACKGROUND:Medical litigation represents a growing cost to healthcare systems. Mediation, arbitration, and other alternative dispute resolution (ADR) methods are increasingly used to help solve the disputes and improve healthcare satisfaction. In China, the increasing number of medical disputes has contributed to concern for the safety of physicians and mistrust between physician and patients resulting in ADR processes being established in several provinces in recent years. Our aim was to describe and explain the impact of this new mediation process in the Chinese healthcare system. METHODS:Our study investigated mediation practices in China using case-level data from 5614 mediation records in Guangdong Province between 2013 and 2015. We investigated how the resolution success as well as the compensations are associated with the case characteristics using regression analysis. RESULTS:Among the cases analyzed, 1995 (41%) were solved with agreement through mediation, 1030 were closed by reconciliation, 559 were closed by referring to court and 1017 cases were withdrawn after mediation. Five hundred five Yinao cases were solved with the help of mediators on the spot. We find that mediation solved about 90% of medical disputes under present mechanisms, while more police support is needed to cope with Yinao. The average compensation of mediation is CNY60,200 and average length of mediation is 87 days. Longer time taken to reach resolution and more money claimed by patients are associated with lower resolution success rate (p < 0.01) and higher compensation levels (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION:Our results show the performance of mediation mechanisms in China to help solve medical disputes. ADR plays a role in reducing the need for initiating litigation and may ultimately increase satisfaction with the healthcare system. 10.1186/s12913-020-5044-7