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Transcriptome profiling revealed salt stress-responsive genes in bulbs. Frontiers in plant science is an important ornamental, culinary and medicinal bulbous plants with salt tolerance. However, salt tolerance of lily, particularly the bulb, has been studied relatively little, which brings challenges to the cultivation of lily varieties with high salt tolerance. Here, we performed transcriptome sequencing on the bulb organs of under salt stress treatment, analyzed differential gene expressed levels and then identified several key genes associated with salt stress tolerance at genome-wide scale. For the first time, we revealed the obvious response against salt stress for bulb organs, while distinct from those for root organs. Several key genes obtained through transcriptome analysis and DEG screening include NF-YB3 transcription factor, metallothionein type 2 protein, vicilin like seed storage protein and bidirectional sugar transporter SWEET14. Rather than typical ROS scavengers like superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, and glutathione transferase, non-typical ROS scavengers such as the metallothionein type 2 protein, and vicilin like seed storage protein were upregulated in our work. The bidirectional sugar transporter SWEET14 protein and the hormone signaling proteins such as E3-ubiquitin protein ligases, PYL4 and protein phosphatase 2C were also upregulated, suggesting the role of sugars and hormones in the bulb organ responses to salt stress. Co-expression analysis of the DEGs further confirmed that NF-YB3 transcription factor acted as a hub gene, suggesting that salt stress can promote flowering of . Taken together, we identified important candidate genes associated with salt tolerance of the bulb organs, which may provide the excellent basis for further in-depth salt tolerance mechanisms of the lily bulbs. 10.3389/fpls.2022.1054064
Comparative Transcriptome Analysis of Halophyte in Response to Salinity Stress. Plants (Basel, Switzerland) As one of the most severe environmental stresses, salt stress can cause a series of changes in plants. In salt tolerant plant Zoysia macrostachya, germination, physiology, and genetic variation under salinity have been studied previously, and the morphology and distribution of salt glands have been clarified. However, no study has investigated the transcriptome of such species under salt stress. In the present study, we compared transcriptome of Z. macrostachya under normal conditions and salt stress (300 mmol/L NaCl, 24 h) aimed to identify transcriptome responses and molecular mechanisms under salt stress in Z. macrostachya. A total of 8703 differently expressed genes (DEGs) were identified, including 4903 up-regulated and 3800 down-regulated ones. Moreover, a series of molecular processes were identified by Gene Ontology (GO) analysis, and these processes were suggested to be closely related to salt tolerance in Z. macrostachya. The identified DEGs concentrated on regulating plant growth via plant hormone signal transduction, maintaining ion homeostasis via salt secretion and osmoregulatory substance accumulation and preventing oxidative damage via increasing the activity of ROS (reactive oxygen species) scavenging system. These changes may be the most important responses of Z. macrostachya under salt stress. Some key genes related to salt stress were identified meanwhile. Collectively, our findings provided valuable insights into the molecular mechanisms and genetic underpinnings of salt tolerance in Z. macrostachya. 10.3390/plants9040458
Transcriptome analysis of seedlings under chilling stress. Yang Yong,Zheng Chunfang,Zhong Cairong,Lu Tianxi,Gul Juma,Jin Xiang,Zhang Ying,Liu Qiang PeerJ is a native mangrove species found in China. It is fast growing and highly adaptable for mangrove afforestation, but suffered great damage by chilling event once introduced to high latitude area. To understand the response mechanisms under chilling stress, physiological and transcriptomic analyses were conducted. The relative electrolyte conductivity, malondialdehyde (MDA) content, soluble sugar content and soluble protein content increased significantly under chilling stress. This indicated that suffered great damage and increased the levels of osmoprotectants in response to the chilling stress. Gene expression comparison analysis of leaves after 6 h of chilling stress was performed at the transcriptional scale using RNA-Seq. A total of 168,473 unigenes and 3,706 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses showed that the DEGs were mainly involved in carbohydrate metabolism, antioxidant enzyme, plant hormone signal transduction, and transcription factors (TFs). Sixteen genes associated with carbohydrate metabolism, antioxidant enzyme, phytohormones and TFs were selected for qRT-PCR verification, and they indicated that the transcriptome data were reliable. Our work provided a comprehensive review of the chilling response of at both physiological and transcriptomic levels, which will prove useful for further studies on stress-responses in mangrove plants. 10.7717/peerj.11506
Full-Length Transcriptome Sequencing and Comparative Transcriptome Analysis to Evaluate Drought and Salt Stress in var. . Genes var. ( var. ) is a perennial herb halophyte with salt and drought tolerance. In this study, full-length transcripts of var. were sequenced using the PacBio RSII sequencing platform. Moreover, the transcriptome was investigated under NaCl or polyethylene glycol (PEG) stress. Approximately 30.89 G subreads were generated and 31,195 unigenes were obtained by clustering the same isoforms by the PacBio RSII platform. A total of 15,466 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained under the two stresses using the Illumina platform. Among them, 9266 and 8390 DEGs were obtained under high concentrations of NaCl and PEG, respectively. In total, 3897 DEGs with the same expression pattern under the two stresses were obtained. The transcriptome expression profiles of var. under NaCl or PEG stress obtained in this study may provide a resource for the same and different response mechanisms against different types of abiotic stress. Furthermore, the stress-related genes found in this study can provide data for future molecular breeding. 10.3390/genes12030434
[Transcriptome analysis of Salix matsudana under cadmium stress]. Cao Jimin,Li Shuangcai,He De Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology With the expanded application of heavy metal cadmium, soil cadmium pollution is more and more serious. In this study, using Salix matsudana as a phytoremediation candidate, we observed changes of gene expression and metabolic pathway after 1, 7 and 30 days under 2.5 mg/L and 50 mg/L cadmium stress. The result of transcriptome sequencing showed that we obtained 102 595 Unigenes; 26 623 and 32 154 differentially expressed genes (DEG) in the same concentration and different stress time; 8 550, 3 444 and 11 428 DEG with different concentrations at the same time; 25 genes closely related to cadmium stress response were screened. The changes of genes expression (such as metallothionein, ABC transporter, zinc and manganese transporter) depended on both concentration of cadmium and exposure time. The expression of several genes was obviously up-regulated after cadmium stress, for example 3,6-deoxyinosinone ketolase (ROT3) in brassinolide synthesis pathway and flavonoid synthase (FLS), flavanone-3-hydroxylase (F3H) in the synthesis pathway of brassinolide. In addition, GO analysis shows that GO entries were mainly enriched in metabolic processes including cellular processes, membranes, membrane fractions, cells, cellular fractions, catalytic activation and binding proteins in response to cadmium stress, whose number would increase along with cadmium concentration and exposure time. The reliability of transcriptome information was verified by qPCR and physiological experimental data. Response mechanisms of S. matsudana after cadmium stress were analyzed by transcriptome sequencing, which provided theoretical guidance for remediation of cadmium pollution in soil by S. matsudana. 10.13345/j.cjb.190486
Transcriptome sequencing of Festulolium accessions under salt stress. Teshome A,Byrne S L,Didion T,De Vega J,Jensen C S,Klaas M,Barth S BMC research notes OBJECTIVES:The objective of this study was to establish transcriptome assemblies of Festulolium hybrids under salt stress, and identify genes regulated across the hybrids in response to salt stress. The development of transcriptome assemblies for Festulolium hybrids and cataloguing of genes regulated under salt stress will facilitate further downstream studies. RESULTS:Plants were grown at three salt concentrations (0.5%, 1% and 1.5%) and phenotypic and transcriptomic data was collected. Salt stress was confirmed by progressive loss of green leaves as salt concentration increased from 0 to 1.5%. We generated de-novo transcriptome assemblies for two Festulolium pabulare festucoid genotypes, for a single Festulolium braunii genotype, and a single F. pabulare loloid genotype. We also identified 1555 transcripts that were up regulated and 1264 transcripts that were down regulated in response to salt stress in the Festulolium hybrids. Some of the identified transcripts showed significant sequence similarity with genes known to be regulated during salt and other abiotic stresses. 10.1186/s13104-019-4349-2
Stress responses of plants through transcriptome plasticity by mRNA alternative polyadenylation. Molecular horticulture The sessile nature of plants confines their responsiveness to changing environmental conditions. Gene expression regulation becomes a paramount mechanism for plants to adjust their physiological and morphological behaviors. Alternative polyadenylation (APA) is known for its capacity to augment transcriptome diversity and plasticity, thereby furnishing an additional set of tools for modulating gene expression. APA has also been demonstrated to exhibit intimate associations with plant stress responses. In this study, we review APA dynamic features and consequences in plants subjected to both biotic and abiotic stresses. These stresses include adverse environmental stresses, and pathogenic attacks, such as cadmium toxicity, high salt, hypoxia, oxidative stress, cold, heat shock, along with bacterial, fungal, and viral infections. We analyzed the overarching research framework employed to elucidate plant APA response and the alignment of polyadenylation site transitions with the modulation of gene expression levels within the ambit of each stress condition. We also proposed a general APA model where transacting factors, including poly(A) factors, epigenetic regulators, RNA mA modification factors, and phase separation proteins, assume pivotal roles in APA related transcriptome plasticity during stress response in plants. 10.1186/s43897-023-00066-z
Transcriptome Analysis of under Drought Stress. Plants (Basel, Switzerland) Phenolic acids are one of the major secondary metabolites accumulated in with various pharmacological activities. Moderate drought stress can promote the accumulation of phenolic acids in , while the mechanism remains unclear. Therefore, we performed transcriptome sequencing of under drought treatment. A total of 47,169 unigenes were successfully annotated in at least one of the six major databases. Key enzyme genes involved in the phenolic acid biosynthetic pathway, including , , , , , and , were induced. Unigenes annotated as laccase correlated with S and were analyzed, and seven candidates that may be involved in the key step of SalB biosynthesis by RA were obtained. A total of 15 transcription factors significantly up-regulated at 2 h and 4 h potentially regulating phenolic acid biosynthesis were screened out. TRINITY_DN14213_c0_g1 (AP2/ERF) significantly transactivated the expression of and , suggesting its role in the regulation of phenolic acid biosynthesis. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis of differential expression genes showed that phenylpropanoid biosynthesis and plant hormone signal transduction were significantly higher. The ABA-dependent pathway is essential for resistance to drought and phenolic acid accumulation. Expression patterns in drought and ABA databases showed that four PYLs respond to both drought and ABA, and three potential SnRK2 family members were annotated and analyzed. The present study presented a comprehensive transcriptome analysis of affected by drought, which provides a rich source for understanding the molecular mechanism facing abiotic stress in . 10.3390/plants13020161