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An evidence-based approach to psychopharmacology for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - 2022 update. Psychiatry research Algorithms for posttraumatic stress disorder were published by this team in 1999 and 2011. Developments since then warrant revision. New studies and review articles from January 2011 to November 2021 were identified via PubMed and analyzed for evidence supporting changes. Following consideration of variations required by special patient populations, treatment of sleep impairments remains as the first recommended step. Nightmares and non-nightmare disturbed awakenings are best addressed with the anti-adrenergic agent prazosin, with doxazosin and clonidine as alternatives. First choices for difficulty initiating sleep include hydroxyzine and trazodone. If significant non-sleep PTSD symptoms remain, an SSRI should be tried, followed by a second SSRI or venlafaxine as a third step. Second generation antipsychotics can be considered, particularly for SSRI augmentation when PTSD-associated psychotic symptoms are present, with the caveat that positive evidence is limited and side effects are considerable. Anti-adrenergic agents can also be considered for general PTSD symptoms if not already tried, though evidence for daytime use lags that available for sleep. Regarding other pharmacological and procedural options, e.g., transcranial magnetic stimulation, cannabinoids, ketamine, psychedelics, and stellate ganglion block, evidence does not yet support firm inclusion in the algorithm. An interactive version of this work can be found at www.psychopharm.mobi. 10.1016/j.psychres.2022.114840