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Balancing mechanical property and swelling behavior of bacterial cellulose film by in-situ adding chitosan oligosaccharide and covalent crosslinking with γ-PGA. International journal of biological macromolecules Bacterial cellulose (BC) is an ideal candidate material for drug delivery, but the disbalance between the swelling behavior and mechanical properties limits its application. In this work, covalent crosslinking of γ-polyglutamic acid (γ-PGA) with the chitosan oligosaccharide (COS) embedded in BC was designed to remove the limitation. As a result, the dosage, time, and batch of COS addition significantly affected the mechanical properties and the yield of bacterial cellulose complex film (BCCF). The addition of 2.25 % COS at the incubation time of 0.5, 1.5, and 2 d increased the Young's modulus and the yield by 5.65 and 1.42 times, respectively, but decreased the swelling behavior to 1774 %, 46 % of that of native BC. Covalent γ-PGA transformed the dendritic structure of BCCF into a spider network, decreasing the porosity and increasing the swelling behavior by 3.46 times. The strategy balanced the swelling behavior and mechanical properties through tunning hydrogen bond, electrostatic interaction, and amido bond. The modified BCCF exhibited a desired behavior of benzalkonium chlorides transport, competent for drug delivery. Thereby, the strategy will be a competent candidate to modify BC for such potential applications as wound dressing, artificial skin, scar-inhibiting patch, and so on. 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2024.131280
Unlocking the power of nanomedicine: Cell membrane-derived biomimetic cancer nanovaccines for cancer treatment. Med (New York, N.Y.) Over the past decades, nanomedicine researchers have dedicated their efforts to developing nanoscale platforms capable of more precisely delivering drug payloads to attack tumors. Cancer nanovaccines are exhibiting a distinctive capability in inducing tumor-specific antitumor responses. Nevertheless, there remain numerous challenges that must be addressed for cancer nanovaccines to evoke sufficient therapeutic effects. Cell membrane-derived nanovaccines are an emerging class of cancer vaccines that comprise a synthetic nanoscale core camouflaged by naturally derived cell membranes. The specific cell membrane has a biomimetic nanoformulation with several distinctive abilities, such as immune evasion, enhanced biocompatibility, and tumor targeting, typically associated with a source cell. Here, we discuss the advancements of cell membrane-derived nanovaccines and how these vaccines are used for cancer therapeutics. Translational endeavors are currently in progress, and additional research is also necessary to effectively address crucial areas of demand, thereby facilitating the future successful translation of these emerging vaccine platforms. 10.1016/j.medj.2024.03.012
Chondrocyte membrane-coated nanoparticles promote drug retention and halt cartilage damage in rat and canine osteoarthritis. Science translational medicine Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic joint disease characterized by progressive degeneration of articular cartilage. A challenge in the development of disease-modifying drugs is effective delivery to chondrocytes. The unique structure of the joint promotes rapid clearance of drugs through synovial fluid, and the dense and avascular cartilage extracellular matrix (ECM) limits drug penetration. Here, we show that poly(lactide--glycolic acid) nanoparticles coated in chondrocyte membranes (CM-NPs) were preferentially taken up by rat chondrocytes ex vivo compared with uncoated nanoparticles. Internalization of the CM-NPs was mediated primarily by E-cadherin, clathrin-mediated endocytosis, and micropinocytosis. These CM-NPs adhered to the cartilage ECM in rat knee joints in vivo and penetrated deeply into the cartilage matrix with a residence time of more than 34 days. Simulated synovial fluid clearance studies showed that CM-NPs loaded with a Wnt pathway inhibitor, adavivint (CM-NPs-Ada), delayed the catabolic metabolism of rat and human chondrocytes and cartilage explants under inflammatory conditions. In a surgical model of rat OA, drug-loaded CM-NPs effectively restored gait, attenuated periarticular bone remodeling, and provided chondroprotection against cartilage degeneration. OA progression was also mitigated by CM-NPs-Ada in a canine model of anterior cruciate ligament transection. These results demonstrate the feasibility of using chondrocyte membrane-coated nanoparticles to improve the pharmacokinetics and efficacy of anti-OA drugs. 10.1126/scitranslmed.adh9751