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Imaging study of ossifying fibroma with associated aneurysmal bone cyst in the paranasal sinus. Yang B T,Wang Y Z,Wang X Y,Wang Z C European journal of radiology OBJECTIVE:To determine the CT and MR imaging features of ossifying fibroma with aneurysmal bone cyst of the paranasal sinus. MATERIALS AND METHODS:We retrospectively reviewed 15 patients with histopathology-proven ossifying fibromas with aneurysmal bone cysts in the paranasal sinus. All 15 patients underwent CT and MR imaging. The following imaging features were reviewed: location, shape, margin, CT findings, and MR imaging appearances and time-intensity curve of dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging. RESULTS:Ossifying fibromas occurred in the maxillary sinus in one patient, sphenoid sinus in 2, frontal sinus in 3, frontoethmoid sinuses in 3, and ethmoid sinus in 6 patients. Ossifying fibromas showed an elliptic-shape and aneurysmal bone cysts revealed a multicystic appearance, with well-demarcated margins. On unenhanced CT, ossifying fibromas appeared isodense to gray matter with scattered calcifications in nine, ground-glass appearance in 6 patients and aneurysmal bone cysts showed mixed density. Ossifying fibromas appeared isointense to gray matter in 12 and slightly hypointense in three patients on T1-weighted images, and isointense in 4 and hypointense in eleven patients on T2-weighted images, with moderate or marked enhancement after administration of contrast material. The time-intensity curves of eight ossifying fibromas exhibited a rapidly enhancing and rapid washout pattern. The intracystic components of aneurysmal bone cysts showed heterogeneous signal intensity on MR images, with fluid-fluid levels identified clearly by T2-weighted images, without enhancement. The periphery and septa of aneurysmal bone cysts appeared isointense on MR images, with marked enhancement. CONCLUSIONS:Fluid-fluid levels within an elliptic-shape mass with scattered calcifications or ground-glass appearance is highly suggestive of this complicated entity in the paranasal sinus. 10.1016/j.ejrad.2012.05.010
Aneurysmal bone cyst-like changes developed in melorheostosis with epiphyseal osteopoikilosis. Skeletal radiology Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is a rare and usually painful condition, representing about 1% of all bone tumors. A geographical lytic, expansile, and septated radiological pattern, with fluid-fluid levels on MRI, is classically displayed. ABC can be a primary bone lesion (70% of patients) or can arise in an underlying condition and is subsequently named "ABC-like changes" (30%). ABC-like changes are more frequently encountered in skeletal segments affected by chondroblastoma, fibrous dysplasia, giant cell tumor, osteoblastoma, non-ossifying fibroma, and osteosarcoma. In this article, we describe the first case of ABC-like changes developed in association with an ultra-rare sclerosing bone disease: melorheostosis. Melorheostosis is characterized by recognizable patterns on radiological studies with a pathological increased bone density and a cortical thickening within the periosteal or endosteal space, usually with a "dripping candle wax" appearance. More rarely, other different radiological patterns can be observed, such as "osteopatia striata-like," "osteoma-like," "myositis ossificans-like," and mixed patterns. Pain and limb hypotrophy are the most common clinical manifestations. We report the case of a Caucasian male with a clinic-radiological diagnosis of melorheostosis (with epiphyseal osteopoikilosis) since the age of twelve. At the age of nineteen, he suffered from increased pain in the proximal right thigh, and the radiological control revealed an expansive septated lesion at the right proximal femoral bone. The diagnosis of ABC-like changes developed in melorheostosis was obtained after CT-guided bone biopsy and confirmed by open-incisional biopsy. 10.1007/s00256-023-04529-8