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Newly described salivary gland tumors. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc This review concentrates on three salivary gland tumors that have been accepted in the recent literature as new neoplastic entities: mammary analog secretory carcinoma (MASC), sclerosing polycystic adenoma (SPA) and cribriform adenocarcinoma of tongue and other minor salivary glands (CAMSGs). MASC is a distinctive low-grade malignant salivary cancer that harbors a characteristic chromosomal translocation, t(12;15) (p13;q25) resulting in an ETV6-NTRK3 fusion. SPA is a rare lesion often mistaken histologically for low-grade salivary carcinoma. Previously thought to be a reactive fibroinflammatory process, but recent evidence of clonality, recurrences in up 30%, and dysplastic foci suggest it may be truly neoplastic. CAMSG is a distinct tumor entity that differs from polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma (PLGA) by location (ie, most often arising on the tongue), by prominent nuclear clearing, alterations of the PRKD gene family and clinical behavior with frequent metastases at the time of presentation of the primary tumor. Early metastatic disease seen in most cases of CAMSG associated with indolent behavior makes it a unique neoplasm among all low-grade salivary gland tumors. Salivary glands may give rise to a wide spectrum of different tumors. They are often diagnostically challenging as morphological features often overlap between different entities. Although conventional morphology in combination with immunohistochemical findings still provide the most important clues for diagnosis, recent advances in molecular pathology offer new diagnostic tools in investigating the differential diagnosis, as well as providing potentially valuable prognostic indicators. In the last two decades, several new salivary gland tumor entities have been described, namely MASC, SPA and CAMSGs. 10.1038/modpathol.2016.167
Surgical anatomy of the lingual lymph nodes: systematic literature analysis and proposition for topographic classification. Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA PURPOSE:Metastatic involvement of the lingual lymph nodes (LLNs) in oral cavity squamous cell cancer (SCC) has recently been proven to significantly reduce locoregional control and survival. Despite recent refinements in the detection of these lesions, the understanding of the LLN topographic anatomy among clinicians is limited. A proposition of a topographic division on LLN based on a comprehensive literature search and synthesis may be helpful in this condition. METHODS:A literature search and election based on contemporary PRISMA guidelines was performed for sources on LLN anatomy with special attention on their subdivision. RESULTS:Four topographic LLN subgroups were defined: median-between genioglossal and geniohyoid muscles; intermediate parahyoid-medial to the hyoglossal muscle, at the greater cornu of the hyoid bone; lateral sublingual (paraglandular) LLNs-at the sublingual salivary gland; lateral submandibular (paraglandular) LLNs -lateral to the hyoglossal muscle, at the deep surface of the submandibular salivary gland. CONCLUSION:The development and implementation of a unified anatomical topographic classification of LLN subgroups may be among the important conditions for improving the detection and treatment of LLN lesions. 10.1007/s00276-023-03078-y