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Long-term, observational, real-world study of dupilumab for the treatment of moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis: a 52-week single-center retrospective analysis in China. Archives of dermatological research For dupilumab, real-world long-term follow-up data remain scarce, and studies on optimized treatment modes as well as drug survival rate and its predictors are lacking. To explore the effectiveness of different treatment modes of dupilumab and to understand the drug survival rates of dupilumab in China and its predictive factors. This retrospective study included patients with moderate-to-severe AD who received dupilumab treatment. Their clinical data were collected and analyzed. Compared with baseline, the SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD), Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI), numerical rating scale (NRS), and Atopic Dermatitis Control Tool (ADCT) scores significantly decreased at 12, 24, and 52 weeks (p < 0.0001), and the continuous medication group had more significant improvements in SCORAD, EASI, NRS, and ADCT scores at 52 weeks than the noncontinuous medication group (p < 0.05). The 6-month and 1-year drug survival rates of dupilumab were 59.7% and 51.9%, respectively. The most common reason for treatment discontinuation was the satisfactory control of AD. Patients with adult-onset AD (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 0.15, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.03-0.73) , not complicated by other systemic diseases (adjusted OR: 0.17, 95% CI: 0.04-0.84) and eosinophilia at baseline (adjusted OR: 3.71, 95% CI: 1.12-12.26) had a higher probability of drug discontinuation. In real-world practice in China, dupilumab has exhibited good long-term effectiveness and safety for the treatment of moderate-to-severe AD, and continuous administration can benefit patients in the long term. 10.1007/s00403-024-03029-6