logo logo
CT Enterography score: a potential predictor for severity assessment of active ulcerative colitis. Jia Yingmei,Li Chang,Yang Xiaoyan,Dong Zhi,Huang Kun,Luo Yanji,Li Xuehua,Sun Canhui,Feng Shi-Ting,Li Zi-Ping BMC gastroenterology BACKGROUND:Evaluate the possibility of CT enterography (CTE) score system as a predictor in assessing active ulcerative colitis (UC) severity. METHODS:Forty-six patients with active UC with CTE and colonoscopy were enrolled. Based on modified Mayo score, patients were divided into three groups: mild (n = 10), moderate (n = 17) and severe (n = 19). A cumulative CTE score was calculated in each patient and its correlation with modified Mayo score was analyzed. The optimal cutoff values of CTE score were determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves analysis. RESULTS:Significant between-group differences were observed in CTE spectrums of mucosal bubbles, mural stratification, loss of haustration, enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes and engorged mesenteric vessels (P < 0.05). The cumulative CTE scores were significant difference between three groups (CTE score:4.9 ± 2.3, 7.6 ± 2.6, and 10.9 ± 2.0, respectively, P < 0.01). The cumulative CTE score showed a positive correlation with modified Mayo score (r = 0.835, P < 0.05). The optimal cut-off value for CTE score predicting moderate and severe UC was 9.5 (area under the curve [AUC]:0.847, sensitivity:78.9%, specificity:82.4%). CONCLUSION:Disease severity assessment by CTE score demonstrates strong positive correlation with severity established modified Mayo score. CTE score system maybe a potential predictor for active UC severity assessment. 10.1186/s12876-018-0890-z
CT enterography for evaluation of disease activity in patients with ileocolonic Crohn's disease. BMC gastroenterology BACKGROUND:CT enterography (CTE) is used routinely for assessment of activity and severity in Crohn's disease (CD), but there are few CTE scoring systems. The aim of this study was to develop a quantitative CTE scoring system for ileocolonic Crohn's disease activity. METHODS:Forty-nine CD patients with ileocolonic involvement were retrospectively included between March 2015 and May 2018. All patients underwent CTE and ileocolonoscopy. Mural hyperenhancement and mural thickening at CTE were scored quantitatively, while mural stratification, submucosal fat deposition, comb sign, perienteric fat hypertrophy and mesenteric fibrofatty proliferation were qualitative variables. A Tobit regression model was applied for assessing the association between Crohn's disease endoscopic index of severity (CDEIS) and CTE variables. RESULTS:A total of 280 intestinal segments were evaluated. Independent predictors for CDEIS were mural thickness (p < 0.001), mural stratification (p < 0.001) and comb sign (p = 0.002). In order to quantify disease activity based on CTE findings in each segment, a simplified CT enterography index of activity (CTEIA) was derived from logistic regression analysis. The formula was as follows: CTEIA (segment) = 2.1 mural thickness(mm) + 9.7 mural stratification + 5.2 comb sign. There was a high and significant correlation coefficient between CDEIS and CTEIA (r = 0.779, p < 0.001) for per-segment analysis. The model for the detection of ulcerative lesions in the colon and terminal ileum achieved an area under the receiver-operating curve of 0.901 using a cut-off point of 6.25. CONCLUSIONS:CTEIA is a new qualitative tool for evaluation of ileocolonic Crohn's disease, which need to be validated in further studies. 10.1186/s12876-022-02389-5