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Thailandepsin a. Acta crystallographica. Section E, Structure reports online THAILANDEPSIN A [SYSTEMATIC NAME: (E)-(1S,5S,6R,9S,20R)-6-[(2S)-butan-2-yl]-5-hy-droxy-20-[2-(meth-yl-sulfan-yl)eth-yl]-2-oxa-11,12-dithia-7,19,22-triaza-bicyclo-[7.7.6]docosa-15-ene-3,8,18,21-tetra-one], C(23)H(37)N(3)O(6)S(3), is a newly reported [Wang et al. (2011). J. Nat. Prod. doi:10.1021/np200324x] bicyclic depsipeptide that has potent histone deacetyl-ase inhibitory activity and broad-spectrum anti-proliferative activity. The absolute configuration of thailandepsin A has been determined from the anomalous dispersion and the stereochemistry of all chiral C atoms. Intra-molecular N-H⋯O and N-H⋯S hydrogen bonds occur. Inter-molecular N-H⋯O and O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds are observed in the crystal structure. 10.1107/S1600536811041390
Microglia-Mediated Neuroinflammation: A Potential Target for the Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases. Journal of inflammation research Microglia are tissue-resident macrophages of the central nervous system (CNS). In the CNS, microglia play an important role in the monitoring and intervention of synaptic and neuron-level activities. Interventions targeting microglia have been shown to improve the prognosis of various neurological diseases. Recently, studies have observed the activation of microglia in different cardiovascular diseases. In addition, different approaches that regulate the activity of microglia have been shown to modulate the incidence and progression of cardiovascular diseases. The change in autonomic nervous system activity after neuroinflammation may be a potential intermediate link between microglia and cardiovascular diseases. Here, in this review, we will discuss recent updates on the regulatory role of microglia in hypertension, myocardial infarction and ischemia/reperfusion injury. We propose that microglia serve as neuroimmune modulators and potential targets for cardiovascular diseases. 10.2147/JIR.S350109