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    Effects of a Disease Management Program for Preventing Recurrent Ischemic Stroke. Fukuoka Yasuko,Hosomi Naohisa,Hyakuta Takeshi,Omori Toyonori,Ito Yasuhiro,Uemura Jyunichi,Yagita Yoshiki,Kimura Kazumi,Matsumoto Masayasu,Moriyama Michiko, Stroke Background and Purpose- Disease management is a healthcare strategy that includes self-management education and treatment coordination. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine whether a disease management program intervention could improve risk factor profiles and, thus, reduce the recurrence of stroke and other cardiovascular diseases. Methods- This study is a prospective randomized, open-label, parallel group study involving outpatients with a history of stroke. Between September 2010 and November 2012, we enrolled patients aged between 40 and 80 years who experienced their last ischemic stroke event or transient ischemic attack within 1 year. After stratifying by the ischemic stroke subtype, 321 subjects (67.5±8.5 years, 95 female) were randomly assigned to either the disease management program intervention group (n=156) or the usual care group (n=165). The primary end point of this study was the difference in the Framingham risk score (general cardiovascular disease 10-year risk) from baseline. The secondary end points of this study included stroke recurrence, onset of cardiovascular disease, all-cause mortality, and all vascular events. Results- Regarding the primary end point, there was no significant difference in the changes in the Framingham risk score at any follow-up time between the groups. The incidence of stroke recurrence tended to be lower in the disease management program intervention group, although no significant difference was found (hazard ratio, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.19-1.29). Conclusions- We were unable to demonstrate a clear benefit of disease management program intervention. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT02121327. 10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.020888
    Disease management in the treatment of patients with chronic heart failure who have universal access to health care: a randomized controlled trial. Kalter-Leibovici Ofra,Freimark Dov,Freedman Laurence S,Kaufman Galit,Ziv Arnona,Murad Havi,Benderly Michal,Silverman Barbara G,Friedman Nurit,Cukierman-Yaffe Tali,Asher Elad,Grupper Avishay,Goldman Dorit,Amitai Miriam,Matetzky Shlomi,Shani Mordechai,Silber Haim, BMC medicine BACKGROUND:The efficacy of disease management programs in improving the outcome of heart failure patients remains uncertain and may vary across health systems. This study explores whether a countrywide disease management program is superior to usual care in reducing adverse health outcomes and improving well-being among community-dwelling adult patients with moderate-to-severe chronic heart failure who have universal access to advanced health-care services and technologies. METHODS:In this multicenter open-label trial, 1,360 patients recruited after hospitalization for heart failure exacerbation (38%) or from the community (62%) were randomly assigned to either disease management or usual care. Disease management, delivered by multi-disciplinary teams, included coordination of care, patient education, monitoring disease symptoms and patient adherence to medication regimen, titration of drug therapy, and home tele-monitoring of body weight, blood pressure and heart rate. Patients assigned to usual care were treated by primary care practitioners and consultant cardiologists. The primary composite endpoint was the time elapsed till first hospital admission for heart failure exacerbation or death from any cause. Secondary endpoints included the number of all hospital admissions, health-related quality of life and depression during follow-up. Intention-to-treat comparisons between treatments were adjusted for baseline patient data and study center. RESULTS:During the follow-up, 388 (56.9%) patients assigned to disease management and 387 (57.1%) assigned to usual care had a primary endpoint event. The median (range) time elapsed until the primary endpoint event or end of study was 2.0 (0-5.0) years among patients assigned to disease management, and 1.8 (0-5.0) years among patients assigned to usual care (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.908; 95% confidence interval, 0.788 to 1.047). Hospital admissions were mostly (70%) unrelated to heart failure. Patients assigned to disease management had a better health-related quality of life and a lower depression score during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS:This comprehensive disease management intervention was not superior to usual care with respect to the primary composite endpoint, but it improved health-related quality of life and depression. A disease-centered approach may not suffice to make a significant impact on hospital admissions and mortality in patients with chronic heart failure who have universal access to health care. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION:Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00533013 . Trial registration date: 9 August 2007. Initial protocol release date: 20 September 2007. 10.1186/s12916-017-0855-z