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    Oncologic and Functional Outcomes of Partial Gland Ablation with High Intensity Focused Ultrasound for Localized Prostate Cancer. Bass Roman,Fleshner Neil,Finelli Antonio,Barkin Jack,Zhang Liying,Klotz Laurence The Journal of urology PURPOSE:We assessed the outcomes of high intensity focused ultrasound as primary treatment of localized prostate cancer in a retrospective series. This represents one of the largest published series of patients at intermediate and high risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS:We performed a retrospective multicenter analysis of patients who underwent partial gland ablation between January 2013 and September 2017. Patients with biopsy proven localized disease and limited multifocality based on magnetic resonance imaging who preferred minimally invasive outpatient therapy were treated with the Sonablate® 500 system. Oncologic and functional outcomes were analyzed as well as risk factors for recurrence. RESULTS:A total of 166 procedures were performed in 150 patients. Grade Group 2 or greater was present in 89% of cases. Mean ± SD followup was 24.3 ± 14.4 months. Mean prostate specific antigen decreased 65% from 7.9 ± 6.8 ng/ml to a nadir of 2.7 ± 3.1 ng/ml. Confirmatory biopsies were performed in 87 patients (52%) at high risk for recurrence. Clinically significant cancer (Grade Group 2 or greater) was detected in 37 cases (42%). Patients with a higher number of positive cores, a medial tumor location or higher prostate specific antigen had a higher probability of recurrence. Salvage treatment was done in 37 patients (24.6%), including 16 repeat partial gland ablation procedures. CONCLUSIONS:Partial gland ablation with high intensity focused ultrasound therapy was safe and it had a minimal impact on functional outcomes. Local recurrence and/or failure occurred in 42% of patients at high risk for recurrence. Medially located tumors were associated with a higher failure rate. Serious complications were rare. Whole gland treatment was avoided in 81% of patients. 10.1016/j.juro.2018.07.040
    Oncologic and Functional Outcomes of Partial Gland Ablation with High Intensity Focused Ultrasound for Localized Prostate Cancer. Bass Roman,Fleshner Neil,Finelli Antonio,Barkin Jack,Zhang Liying,Klotz Laurence The Journal of urology PURPOSE:We assessed the outcomes of high intensity focused ultrasound as primary treatment of localized prostate cancer in a retrospective series. This represents one of the largest published series of patients at intermediate and high risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS:We performed a retrospective multicenter analysis of patients who underwent partial gland ablation between January 2013 and September 2017. Patients with biopsy proven localized disease and limited multifocality based on magnetic resonance imaging who preferred minimally invasive outpatient therapy were treated with the Sonablate® 500 system. Oncologic and functional outcomes were analyzed as well as risk factors for recurrence. RESULTS:A total of 166 procedures were performed in 150 patients. Grade Group 2 or greater was present in 89% of cases. Mean ± SD followup was 24.3 ± 14.4 months. Mean prostate specific antigen decreased 65% from 7.9 ± 6.8 ng/ml to a nadir of 2.7 ± 3.1 ng/ml. Confirmatory biopsies were performed in 87 patients (52%) at high risk for recurrence. Clinically significant cancer (Grade Group 2 or greater) was detected in 37 cases (42%). Patients with a higher number of positive cores, a medial tumor location or higher prostate specific antigen had a higher probability of recurrence. Salvage treatment was done in 37 patients (24.6%), including 16 repeat partial gland ablation procedures. CONCLUSIONS:Partial gland ablation with high intensity focused ultrasound therapy was safe and it had a minimal impact on functional outcomes. Local recurrence and/or failure occurred in 42% of patients at high risk for recurrence. Medially located tumors were associated with a higher failure rate. Serious complications were rare. Whole gland treatment was avoided in 81% of patients. 10.1016/j.juro.2018.07.040
    Hemiablation of Localized Prostate Cancer by High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound: A Series of 35 Cases. Glybochko Peter V,Amosov Alexander V,Krupinov German E,Petrovskii Nikolay V,Lumpov Ilya S Oncology Prostate cancer (PrC) is one of the most common tumors diagnosed in men. The detection rate of localized PrC has been dramatically enhanced by screening and the development of visualization methods. There are currently several techniques for focal treatment available, among which the most interesting in our opinion is high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). Currently, HIFU hemiablation of PrC is not an established treatment, although evidence of its effectiveness and safety is growing. We have been performing HIFU hemiablation since 2013 and here report our results to add to the evidence on the effectiveness of the technique. Between October 2013 and December 2016, we performed HIFU hemiablation of the prostate for a total of 35 patients with confirmed PrC stage <cT2a at our urology clinic and retrospectively examined duration of ablation, pre- and postoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, prostate volume, erectile function, and dysuria. The mean duration of ablation was 22 min (10-35). The mean postoperative hospital stay was 4 days. None of the patients experienced serious complications. Postoperative PSA tests showed the greatest decrease after 3 months to 2.4 ng/mL on average (p < 0.001). The pathological focus seen on MRI before the procedure in each case was absent after 3 months. Control biopsy after 12 months revealed residual cancer in the contralateral lobe in 4 patients. The findings obtained during follow-up and from control biopsies indicate that the treatment was highly efficacious with a low rate of nonserious postoperative complications. HIFU hemiablation proved to be a reliable therapeutic modality for localized PrC and was associated with a low rate of complications and comparable risk of recurrence. Despite the fact that this method of treatment is currently experimental, the results of this case series and other studies indicate its feasibility and safety. 10.1159/000499739
    The primary treatment of prostate cancer with high-intensity focused ultrasound: A systematic review and meta-analysis. He Yue,Tan Ping,He Mingjing,Hu Liang,Ai Jianzhong,Yang Lu,Wei Qiang Medicine BACKGROUND:We systematically evaluated the evidences on oncological and functional outcomes of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) as the primary treatment for localized prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS:A systematic review was used Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library from the inception of each database. The review analyzed the oncological and functional outcomes of HIFU in the treatment of PCa. The RevMan 5.3 software was used for quantity analysis incidence of complications. RESULTS:Twenty-seven articles were included for analysis with a total of 7393 patients. Eighteen studies investigated the whole-gland HIFU, and the duration of follow-up ranged from 2 to 168 months. After whole-gland HIFU, the mean prostate-specific antigen (PSA) nadir was found to be 0.4 to 1.95 ng/mL and the mean time to PSA nadir was 2.4 to 5.4 months. The rate of positive biopsy after HIFU was 4.5% to 91.1%. Meta-analysis revealed the incidences of urinary incontinence, impotence, urinary obstruction, retention, and infection was 10%, 44%, 15%, 11%, 7%, respectively. Nine studies investigated partial-gland HIFU, and the duration of follow-up was 1 to 131 months. After partial-gland HIFU, the mean PSA nadir was 1.9 to 2.7 ng/mL and the mean time to PSA nadir 5.7 to 7.3 months. The rate of positive biopsy after HIFU in the treatment area was 14% to 37.5%. Meta-analysis revealed the incidences of urinary incontinence, impotence, urinary obstruction, retention, and infection was 2%, 21%, 2%, 9%, 11%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS:Early evidence suggested the partial-gland HIFU was safer than whole-gland HIFU, and they had similar oncological outcomes. More prospective randomized controlled trials of whole-gland and partial-gland HIFU for PCa was needed. 10.1097/MD.0000000000022610
    A structured framework for optimizing high-intensity focused ultrasound ablative treatment in localized prostate cancer. Castellani Daniele,Branchi Alessandro,Claudini Redi,Gasparri Luca,Pierangeli Tiziana,Ravasi Elena,Dellabella Marco Investigative and clinical urology High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment has recently been pursued to reduce radical treatment-related morbidity in low-to-intermediate-risk localized prostate cancer (PCa), especially in older men. The aim of this study was to develop a dedicated framework for HIFU therapy. All clinical data, such as risk categories, magnetic resonance with functional parametric imaging, and histopathology, are essential for driving proper HIFU treatment. All needed data can be added to the framework to localize areas that need to be treated. Once PCa areas have been featured, quantified, and located, planning can be adapted to drive accurate HIFU treatment. Our planning framework may be useful for all ablative therapies in order to standardize treatment for both clinical and scientific purposes. 10.4111/icu.2019.60.4.312
    An Exploratory Study of Dose Escalation Standard Focal High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound for Treating Nonmetastatic Prostate Cancer. Huber Philipp M,Afzal Naveed,Arya Manit,Boxler Silvan,Dudderidge Tim,Emberton Mark,Guillaumier Stephanie,Hindley Richard G,Hosking-Jervis Feargus,Leemann Lucas,Lewi Henry,McCartan Neil,Moore Caroline M,Nigam Raj,Odgen Chris,Persad Raj,Thalmann George N,Virdi Jaspal,Winkler Mathias,Ahmed Hashim U Journal of endourology Analysis of treatment success regarding oncological recurrence rate between standard and dose escalation focal high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) of prostate cancer. In this analysis of our prospectively maintained HIFU (Sonablate 500) database, 598 patients were identified who underwent a focal HIFU (Sonablate 500) between March 2007 and November 2016. Follow-up occurred with 3-monthly clinic visits and prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing in the first year. Thereafter, PSA was measured 6-monthly or annually at least. Routine and for-cause multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) was conducted with biopsy for MRI suspicion of recurrence. Treatments were delivered in a quadrant or hemiablation fashion depending on the gland volume as well as tumor volume and location. Before mid-2015, standard focal HIFU was used (two HIFU blocks); after this date, some urologists conducted dose escalation focal HIFU (three overlapping HIFU blocks). Propensity matching was used to ensure two matched groups, leading to 162 cases for this analysis. Treatment failure was defined by any secondary treatment (systemic therapy, cryotherapy, radiotherapy, prostatectomy, or further HIFU), metastasis from prostate cancer without further treatment, tumor recurrence with Gleason score ≥7 (≥3 + 4) on prostate biopsy without further treatment, or prostate cancer-related mortality. Complications and side-effects were also compared. Median age was 64.5 years (interquartile range [IQR] 60-73.5) in the standard focal-HIFU group and 64.5 years (IQR 60-69) in the dose-escalation group. Median prostate volume was 37 mL (IQR 17-103) in the standard group and 47.5 mL (IQR 19-121) in the dose-escalation group. As tumor volume on mpMRI and Gleason score were major matching criteria, these were identical with 0.43 mL (IQR 0.05-2.5) and Gleason 3 + 3 = 6 in 1 out of 32 (3%), 3 + 4 = 7 in 27 out of 32 (84%), and 4 + 3 = 7 in 4 out of 32 (13%). Recurrence in treated areas was found in 10 out of 32 (31%) when standard treatment zones were applied, and in 6 out of 32 (19%) of dose-escalation focal HIFU ( = 0.007). This exploratory study shows that dose escalation focal HIFU may achieve higher rates of disease control compared with standard focal HIFU. Further prospective comparative studies are needed. 10.1089/end.2019.0613
    Focal Therapy for Localized Prostate Cancer with Either High Intensity Focused Ultrasound or Cryoablation: A Single Institution Experience. Tourinho-Barbosa Rafael R,Sanchez-Salas Rafael,Claros Oliver Rojas,Collura-Merlier Sylvain,Bakavicius Arnas,Carneiro Arie,Stabile Armando,Moschini Marco,Cathala Nathalie,Tobias-Machado Marcos,Cathelineau Xavier The Journal of urology PURPOSE:We report oncologic outcomes in patients treated with focal therapy for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS:We retrospectively analyzed a single institution cohort of men with localized prostate cancer who received focal therapy using high intensity focused ultrasound or cryotherapy from 2009 to 2018. Focal therapy was offered for low or intermediate risk disease (prostate specific antigen less than 20 ng/ml, Gleason score 7 or less and clinical stage T2b or less). Patients with previous prostate cancer treatment or less than 6 months of followup were excluded from study. Failure was defined as local or systemic salvage treatment, a positive biopsy Gleason score of 7 or greater in-field or out-of-field in nontreated patients, prostate cancer metastasis or prostate cancer specific death. Cox regression analysis was done to identify independent predictors of failure after focal therapy. RESULTS:Of the 309 patients included in study 190 and 119 were treated with high intensity focused ultrasound and cryotherapy, respectively. Median followup was 45 months. At 1, 3 and 5 years the failure-free survival rate was 95%, 67% and 54%, and the radical treatment-free survival rate was 99%, 79% and 67%, respectively. The 5-year metastasis-free survival rate was 98% and no prostate cancer specific death was registered in this cohort. Before focal therapy a biopsy Gleason score of 7 (3 + 4) or greater (HR 2.4, p <0.001) and nadir prostate specific antigen (HR 2.2, p <0.001) were independently associated with failed focal therapy. In the salvage focal therapy setting in-field recurrence after primary focal therapy was associated with poorer failure-free survival (p=0.02). CONCLUSIONS:Almost half of the men were free of focal therapy failure 5 years after treatment. Still, a significant proportion experienced recurrence at the midterm followup. The preoperative biopsy Gleason score and nadir prostate specific antigen were significantly associated with treatment failure. 10.1097/JU.0000000000000506
    Survival and quality of life outcomes of high-intensity focused ultrasound treatment of localized prostate cancer. Royce Peter L,Ooi James J Y,Sothilingam Selva,Yao Henry H Prostate international Background:To evaluate the survival and quality of life (QoL) outcomes of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) whole-gland ablation for localized prostate cancer. Methods:Over 8 years, men with localized prostate cancer treated with whole-gland HIFU were prospectively followed. Transrectal prostate ablation was performed under general anesthesia with Sonablate-500® (Sonacare Medical©, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA). The primary outcome was failure-free survival defined as no transition to any of the following: (1) local salvage therapy (surgery or radiotherapy), (2) systemic therapy, (3) metastases, or (4) prostate cancer-specific mortality. Secondary outcomes included both survival outcomes and QoL measures. Results:Of 70 men, 29.7% had International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade 1, 43.8% ISUP 2, 10.9% ISUP 3, and 15.6% ISUP 4 disease. At median follow-up of 83.4 months, overall mortality was 8.6% and prostate cancer-specific mortality 0%. Failure-free survival was 78.2% at 5 years and 71.2% at 7 years. Of all men, 7.1% of men developed metastases, with median metastasis-free survival of 75.4 months. There was negligible post-HIFU urinary incontinence or lower urinary tract symptom with a median Male Urogenital Distress Inventory score of 32 at 6 months and 33 at 12 months and median IPSS of 4 at 6 months and 3 at 12 months. Median Radiation Therapy Oncology Group rectal toxicity score was 0 throughout. In men who had mild or no erectile dysfunction at baseline (International Index of Erectile Function ≥17), the mean International Index of Erectile Function score declined to 37% from 23.5 at baseline to 14.7 at 12 months. Conclusion:At median follow-up of 7 years, whole-gland HIFU appears to have comparable survival outcomes with other cohort studies involving radical prostatectomy and radiotherapy patient. It has low impact on QoL, preserved urinary continence, and erectile function approximate to nerve-sparing prostatectomy. Whole-gland HIFU presents a potential alternative minimally invasive and safe option for the treatment of localized prostate cancer. 10.1016/j.prnil.2019.12.002
    Histotripsy: The Next Generation of High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound for Focal Prostate Cancer Therapy. Dubinsky Theodore J,Khokhlova Tanya D,Khokhlova Vera,Schade George R Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine This article reviews the most current methods and technological aspects of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), which is termed histotripsy. The rationale for focal therapy for prostate carcinoma rather than prostatectomy, which is being used extensively throughout Europe and Asia, is presented, and an argument for why HIFU is the modality of choice for primary therapy and recurrent disease is offered. The article presents a review of the technical advances including higher ultrasound beam energy than current thermal HIFU which allows for more accurate tissue targeting, less collateral tissue damage, and faster treatment times. Finally, the article presents a discussion about the advantage of ultrasound guidance for histotripsy in preference to magnetic resonance imaging guidance primarily based on cost, ease of application, and portability. 10.1002/jum.15191
    Oncologic outcome, side effects and comorbidity of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) for localized prostate cancer. A review. Ziglioli Francesco,Baciarello Marco,Maspero Giada,Bellini Valentina,Bocchialini Tommaso,Cavalieri Domenico,Bignami Elena Giovanna,Maestroni Umberto Annals of medicine and surgery (2012) Introduction:Prostate cancer is considered one of the most important health problems. Due to the increased number of diagnosed patients and the inability to distinguish aggressive tumors, minimally-invasive procedures have become increasingly interesting. High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is an alternative option to radical surgery to treat prostate cancer. To date, however, data on side effects and comorbidities of this technique are still not conclusive. Methods and results:We reviewed the literature to concentrate on side effects and comorbidities of HIFU treatment of prostate cancer with the following key words: hifu, high intensity focused ultrasound, ultrasonic therapy, transrectal hifu, prostate ablation, side effects, comorbidities. MedLine and Embase via Ovid database were searched. Selection criteria were: English language, articles published between 2001 and 2015, case series including at least 100 participants and reported data on side effects and comorbidities. Sixteen uncontrolled studies were identified. No randomized controlled trials (RCT) were found in the literature comparing side effects and comorbidities of HIFU to other routine approaches to prostate cancer treatment. Conclusion:HIFU seems to be a promising minimally-invasive treatment for low- and intermediate-risk prostate cancer, especially for patients who are unfit for radical surgery. Prospective studies with longer follow-up periods and RCT are required to properly assess the impact of side effects and comobidities related to the HIFU technique in comparison with other therapies to treat prostate cancer. 10.1016/j.amsu.2020.05.029
    Extensive Histological Sampling following Focal Therapy of Clinically Significant Prostate Cancer with High Intensity Focused Ultrasound. Mortezavi Ashkan,Krauter Johanna,Gu Alexander,Sonderer Julian,Bruhin Julia,Reeve Kelly A,Held Leonhard,Donati Olivio F,Rupp Niels J,Moch Holger,Sulser Tullio,Eberli Daniel The Journal of urology PURPOSE:Clinically significant, localized prostate cancer is currently treated with whole gland therapy. This approach is effective but associated with genitourinary and rectal side effects. Focal therapy of prostate cancer has been proposed as an alternative. The aim of this study was to determine the oncologic and functional outcomes of focal high intensity focused ultrasound therapy of prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS:In this single center, prospective study 75 men were treated between April 2014 and April 2018. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging and transperineal template saturation prostate biopsy were performed to localize prostate cancer, followed by focal ablation with high intensity focused ultrasound. The study primary end point was the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer, defined as Gleason score 7 or greater, at 6-month followup transperineal template saturation prostate biopsy. Genitourinary side effects were of secondary interest. RESULTS:Median patient age was 67 years (IQR 60-71) and median prostate specific antigen was 5.87 ng/ml (IQR 4.65-7.44). There were 5 low risk (6.7%) and 70 intermediate risk (93.3%) cancers. Clinically significant prostate cancer was detected in 41% of the men (95% CI 30.3-53.0) who underwent biopsy at 6 months and the median number of sampled cores was 44 (IQR 36-44). Prostate specific antigen (OR 1.17, IQR 0.49-2.85, p=0.71) and multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (14.3% sensitivity, IQR 6.7-31.5) performed poorly to predict positive biopsies. Pad-free continence and erection sufficient for penetration were preserved in 63 of 64 (98.4%) and 31 of 45 patients (68.9%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS:Focal therapy with high intensity focused ultrasound leads to a low rate of genitourinary side effects. Followup biopsy of treated and untreated prostates remains the only modality to adequately select men in need of early salvage treatment. 10.1097/JU.0000000000000298
    Prospective Evaluation of Focal High Intensity Focused Ultrasound for Localized Prostate Cancer. Nahar Bruno,Bhat Abhishek,Reis Isildinha M,Soodana-Prakash Nachiketh,Becerra Maria F,Lopategui Diana,Venkatramani Vivek,Patel Ronak,Madhusoodanan Vinayak,Kryvenko Oleksandr N,Ritch Chad R,Gonzalgo Mark L,Punnen Sanoj,Parekh Dipen J The Journal of urology PURPOSE:We report short-term outcomes of focal high intensity focused ultrasound use for primary treatment of localized prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Single-center prospectively collected data on patients with prostate cancer who underwent primary focal high intensity focused ultrasound from January 2016 to July 2018 were included. All patients underwent a 12-core biopsy with magnetic resonance imaging-ultrasound fusion biopsy depending on the presence of targetable lesions. Any Grade Group was allowed, however only patients with localized disease were included. The primary outcome was oncologic control, defined as negative followup in-field biopsy of treated cancer. Prostate specific antigen, Sexual Health Inventory for Men, International Prostate Symptom Score and Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite domain scores were assessed 3-monthly till 12 months. Biopsy was performed at 6 or 12 months for high or low/intermediate risk cancer, respectively. RESULTS:Fifty-two patients with minimum followup of 12 months were included in the study. The majority of patients (67%) had cancer Grade Group 2 or greater. Fifteen patients (28.8%) underwent complete transurethral prostate resection/holmium laser enucleation of prostate procedure for debulking large prostates to avoid postoperative urinary retention. Among 30 (58%) patients who underwent followup biopsies, 25 (83%) had negative in-field biopsy results and 4 (13%) had de-novo positive out-of-field biopsy. Only 5 major complications (all grade III) in 4 patients were noted. Urinary symptoms returned to near baseline questionnaire scores within 3-6 months. Sexual function returned to baseline at 12 months. CONCLUSIONS:Focal high intensity focused ultrasound is a safe and effective treatment for patients with localized clinically significant prostate cancer with acceptable short-term oncologic and functional outcomes. The complications are minimal and patient selection is essential. Short-term oncologic outcomes are promising but longer followup is required to establish long-term oncologic outcomes. 10.1097/JU.0000000000001015
    High-intensity focused ultrasound for prostate cancer. Napoli Alessandro,Alfieri Giulia,Scipione Roberto,Leonardi Andrea,Fierro Davide,Panebianco Valeria,De Nunzio Cosimo,Leonardo Costantino,Catalano Carlo Expert review of medical devices High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a noninvasive procedure that has shown promising results in a wide range of malignant and nonmalignant conditions, including localized prostate cancer (PCa). This review aims to describe the application of HIFU in the management of patients with PCa, explaining its basic therapeutic principles, going through the main phases during aHIFU session, and providing an overview of the main available pieces of evidence from literature. HIFU treatment for prostate cancer is increasingly performed with high success and safety. MR guidance (MR-guided HIFU) has the advantage of real-time intraprocedural thermometric feedback that ensures that the whole region of interest has been covered by critical thermal damage (and that all surrounding healthy tissues have been spared). The absence of comparative long-term trials prevents HIFU from being considered as afirst choice for the treatment of patients with PCa. 10.1080/17434440.2020.1755258
    Prospective Multicenter Phase II Study on Focal Therapy (Hemiablation) of the Prostate with High Intensity Focused Ultrasound. Ganzer Roman,Hadaschik Boris,Pahernik Sascha,Koch Daniel,Baumunk Daniel,Kuru Timur,Heidenreich Axel,Stolzenburg Jens-Uwe,Schostak Martin,Blana Andreas The Journal of urology PURPOSE:We evaluated focal therapy with high intensity focused ultrasound hemiablation in a prospective trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS:We performed a prospective, multicenter, single arm study in patients with unilateral low/intermediate risk prostate cancer who were treated from April 2013 through March 2016 in Germany in AUO (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Urologische Onkologie) Study Protocol AP 68/11. Unilateral prostate cancer was assessed by transrectal ultrasound guided biopsy and multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging. Hemiablation was done using the Ablatherm® or the Focal One® device. The oncologic outcome was assessed by the salvage treatment rate, multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging and rebiopsy at 12 months. Functional outcome, quality of life, anxiety and depression were measured by validated questionnaires at baseline and every 3 months. RESULTS:Of the 54 recruited patients 51 completed 12-month or greater visits. Mean ± SD followup was 17.4 ± 4.5 months. Mean prostate specific antigen decreased from 6.2 ± 2.0 to 2.9 ± 1.9 ng/ml at 12 months (p <0.001). Biopsy at 12 months was positive for any prostate cancer and for clinically significant prostate cancer in 13 (26.5%) and 4 (8.2%) of the 49 patients, respectively. Posttreatment multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging had limited 25% sensitivity for clinically significant prostate cancer. Ten patients (19.6%) underwent salvage treatment. Potency was maintained in 21 of the 30 men who were potent preoperatively. There was no increase in incontinence. Quality of life, anxiety and depression did not change postoperatively. The study was limited by a short followup and the lack of a control arm. CONCLUSIONS:Focal therapy hemiablation is safe with little alteration of functional outcome. The oncologic outcome is acceptable on short-term followup. Followup multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging performed poorly and should not replace repeat biopsy. Focal therapy has no impact on posttreatment anxiety and depression. 10.1016/j.juro.2017.10.033