Evaluation of the application of laparoscopy in enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) for gastric cancer: a Chinese multicenter analysis.
Wang Junjiang,Luo Yuwen,Wang Quan,Bai Jie,Liao Qianchao,Feng Xingyu,Zhang Guanrong,Tao Kaixiong,Ji Gang,Li Yong
Annals of translational medicine
Background:Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) has been successfully applied in general surgery, especially in colorectal resection. However, the effect of ERAS in gastric cancer resection in current studies are inconsistent and most of which were single center retrospective ones. Thus, our study was aimed to evaluate the application of laparoscopy in ERAS for gastric cancer based on Chinese multicenter data. Methods:The clinical and pathological data of patients who underwent radical gastric cancer resection at three Chinese medical centers between January, 2015 and December, 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The current application of laparoscopy in ERAS for gastric cancer was evaluated. Results:A total of 1,434 patients were involved in the final analysis. The operation time was 265.7±79.1 min, blood loss was 200 [5-1,300] mL, and the number of lymph nodes dissected was 26.4±12.9. Time to first ambulation, flatus, and liquid food intake were 2.1±1.3, 4.4±2.7, and 6.1±3.6 days, respectively, and postoperative hospital stay was 9.0±1.5 days. The incidence of postoperative complications, Clavien-Dindo score ≥ II, was 10.0%, and the rate of readmission within 30 days of discharge was 1.4%. Of the patients who underwent total gastrectomy, those in the laparoscopic group had a higher number of lymph nodes retrieved than those in the open group (P<0.05), and also had earlier ambulation, oral intake and first flatus, as well as a shorter postoperative hospital stay time than the open group. There were no significant differences in intraoperative blood loss or postoperative complications between the two groups (P>0.05). Of the patients who underwent distal gastrectomy, the laparoscopic group had a lower volume of blood loss, shorter postoperative hospital stay time, and earlier ambulation, oral intake, and first flatus than the open group, and had a similar number of lymph nodes dissected compared to the open group (P>0.05). Conclusions:Laparoscopic surgery combined with ERAS can shorten the time to early ambulation, oral intake, and first flatus, and shorten the length of hospital stay. Laparoscopic surgery can achieve the same oncological outcomes as open surgery and is safe and feasible without increasing the incidence of postoperative complications.