LncRNA TMPO-AS1 up-regulates the expression of HIF-1α and promotes the malignant phenotypes of retinoblastoma cells via sponging miR-199a-5p.
Peng Xifeng,Yan Jian,Cheng Fang
Pathology, research and practice
BACKGROUND:Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) TMPO antisense RNA 1 (TMPO-AS1) is reported to be oncogenic in prostate cancer and lung cancer. This study aims to investigate the expression and biological function of it in retinoblastoma (RB), and explore its regulatory role for miR-199a-5p and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α). METHODS:Paired RB samples were collected, and the expression levels of TMPO-AS1, miR-199a-5p and HIF-1α were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR); TMPO-AS1 overexpressing plasmids and TMPO-AS1 shRNA were transfected into HXO-RB44 and SO-Rb50 cell lines respectively, and then proliferation, migration and invasion of RB cells were detected by CCK-8 assay and Transwell method. qRT-PCR and western blot were used to analyze the regulatory function of TMPO-AS1 on miR-199a-5p and HIF-1α; luciferase reporter gene assay was used to determine the regulatory relationship between miR-199a-5p and TMPO-AS1. RESULTS:TMPO-AS1 was significantly up-regulated in cancerous tissues of RB samples (relatively expression: 2.97 vs 3.93, p < 0.001), negatively correlated with miR-199a-5p (r=-0.4813, p < 0.01). There was one binding site on TMPO-AS1 for miR-199a-5p. After transfection of TMPO-AS1 shRNAs into RB cells, the proliferation, migration and invasion of cancer cells was significantly inhibited, while TMPO-AS1 had opposite effects; TMPO-AS1 was also demonstrated to regulate the expression of HIF-1α on both mRNA and protein levels via negatively regulating miR-199a-5p. CONCLUSION:TMPO-AS1 is abnormally up-regulated in RB tissues, and it can modulate the proliferation and migration of RB cells. It has the potential to be the "ceRNA" to regulate HIF-1α expression by sponging miR-199a-5p.
LncRNA TMPO-AS1 serves as a ceRNA to promote osteosarcoma tumorigenesis by regulating miR-199a-5p/WNT7B axis.
Cui Huaan,Zhao Jiang
Journal of cellular biochemistry
Osteosarcoma (OS) is a common kind of aggressive tumor in bone which was mostly identified in children and adolescents with extremely high risk of death. Accumulating research works have displayed that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) exert an essential role in the development of multiple cancers. It has been reported that TMPO-AS1 is an oncogene in cancers; nonetheless, its molecular mechanism in OS is totally unclear. Our present study elucidated that a remarkable overexpression of TMPO-AS1 was found in OS tissues and cells. Moreover, TMPO-AS1 depletion restrained Wnt/β-catenin pathway and cell proliferation as well as facilitated cell apoptosis. Further molecular mechanism investigations showed that TMPO-AS1 can sponge to miR-199a-5p. Moreover, miR-199a-5p was at a low level at OS cells. Importantly, miR-199a-5p's overexpression was associated with the OS cells' decreased proliferation and increased apoptosis. In addition, WNT7B was confirmed as a downstream gene of miR-199a-5p. Also the WNT7B expression was reversely modulated by miR-199a-5p and positively modulated by TMPO-AS1. Rescue experiments suggested that downregulated WNT7B rescued miR-199a-5p inhibitor-mediated repression on OS progression, but the treatment of LiCl counteracted the effect of WNT7B downregulation. In a word, TMPO-AS1 serves as a competing endogenous RNA to boost osteosarcoma tumorigenesis by regulating miR-199a-5p/WNT7B axis, which provided an underlying therapeutic target for patients with OS.