High Voltage Guided Pulmonary Vein Isolation in Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation.
Boles Usama,Gul Enes E,Enriquez Andres,Lee Howard,Riegert Dave,Andres Adrian,Baranchuk Adrian,Redfearn Damian,Glover Benedict,Simpson Chris,Abdollah Hoshiar,Michael Kevin
Journal of atrial fibrillation
Background:Ablation of the pulmonary vein (PV) antrum using an electroanatomic mapping system is standard of care for point-by-point pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). Focused ablation at critical areas is more likely to achieve intra-procedural PV isolation and decrease the likelihood for reconnection and recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF). Therefore this prospective pilot study is to investigate the short-term outcome of a voltage-guided circumferential PV ablation (CPVA) strategy. Methods:We recruited patients with a history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). The EnSite NavX system (St. Jude Medical, St Paul, Minnesota, USA) was employed to construct a three-dimensional geometry of the left atrium (LA) and voltage map. CPVA was performed; with radiofrequency (RF) targeting sites of highest voltage first in a sequential clockwise fashion then followed by complete the gaps in circumferential ablation. Acute and short-term outcomes were compared to a control group undergoing conventional standard CPVA using the same 3D system. Follow-up was scheduled at 3, 6 and 12 months. Results:Thirty-four paroxysmal AF patients with a mean age of 40 years were included. Fourteen patients (8 male) underwent voltage mapping and 20 patients underwent empirical, non-voltage guided standard CPVA. A mean of 54 ± 12 points per PV antrum were recorded. Mean voltage for right and left PVs antra were 1.7±0.1 mV and 1.9±0.2 mV, respectively. There was a trend towards reduced radiofrequency time (40.9±17.4 vs. 48.1±15.5 mins; p=0.22). Conclusion:Voltage-guided CPVA is a promising strategy in targeting critical points for PV isolation with a lower trend of AF recurrence compared with a standard CPVA in short-term period. Extended studies to confirm these findings are warranted.