Detection of association of IL1β, IL4R, and IL6 gene polymorphisms with cervical cancer in the Bangladeshi women by tetra-primer ARMS-PCR method.
Muhammad Sayma Binte,Hassan Fahomida,Bhowmik Khokon Kanti,Millat Md Shalahuddin,Sarwar Md Shahid,Aziz Md Abdul,Barek Md Abdul,Sarowar Uddin Mohammad,Ferdous Mahmuda,Safiqul Islam Mohammad
BACKGROUND:Cervical cancer (CC) is the main cause of cancer-related deaths among women in developing countries. It is the second leading female malignancy in Bangladesh in terms of incidence and mortality. Our present study aimed to investigate the association of IL1β (rs16944), IL4R (rs1801275), and IL6 (rs1800797) gene polymorphisms with the susceptibility of cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS:This case-control study was conducted on 252 cervical cancer patients and 228 healthy volunteers, using tetra-primer amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction (ARMS-PCR). RESULTS:In the case of rs16944 polymorphism, GG genotype (OR = 2.10, 95%CI = 1.24-3.56), dominant model (OR = 1.71, 95% CI = 1.11-2.63), recessive model (OR = 1.54, 95% CI = 1.01-2.35), and G allele (OR = 1.30, 95% CI = 1.005-1.68) were significantly associated with increased cervical cancer risk. Among these, GG genotype and dominant model remained significant after the Bonferroni correction (p < 0.017). For rs1801275 polymorphism, GG genotype (OR = 2.66, 95% CI = 1.49-4.75), dominant model (OR = 1.49, 95% CI = 1.04-2.14), recessive model (OR = 2.45, 95% CI = 1.40-4.27), and G allele (OR = 1.59, 95% CI = 1.21-2.10) significantly elevated the risk of cervical cancer but significance did not exist for dominant model after the Bonferroni correction. rs1800797 variant showed significantly increased risk in all genetic models including, AG genotype (OR = 8.13, 95% CI = 5.27-12.55), AA genotype (OR = 9.86, 95% CI = 2.76-35.21), dominant model (OR = 8.25, 95% CI = 5.40-12.60), recessive model (OR = 4.41, 95% CI = 1.25-15.56), and A allele (OR = 4.99, 95% CI = 3.49-7.13) and the significances were consistent with the Bonferroni correction except recessive model. Haplotyping analysis indicates that GAA (p = 5.15x10) and GAG haplotypes (p = 4.72x10) significantly decreased the risk of CC, whereas AAA (p = 3.89x10-9), AAG (p = 0.0003), AGA (p = 3.98x10-5) and AGG haplotypes (p = 0.002) significantly increased the risk of CC. The IL1β mRNA level was up-regulated, which was associated with poor prognosis in silico. CONCLUSION:Our results conclude that rs16944 (IL1β), rs1801275 (IL4R), and rs1800797 (IL6) polymorphisms are associated with cervical cancer in Bangladeshi women.
Quantification of plasma EGFR mutations in patients with lung cancers: Comparison of the performance of ARMS-Plus and droplet digital PCR.
Wang Lin,Guo Qiaomei,Yu Wenjun,Qiao Lihua,Zhao Mingna,Zhang Chenzi,Hu Xiaomeng,Yang Guohua,Xiong Liwen,Lou Jiatao
Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
OBJECTIVES:EGFR mutation is a key factor to predict EGFR-TKI efficacy. However, a significant number of advanced patients do not have sufficient tumor specimens for molecular testing. Also, there is a lack of quantitative assay to analyze the mutant abundance. This study aims to evaluate the detection efficiency and clinical feasibility of a new platform, namely ARMS-Plus, for the detection and quantification of EGFR mutations in plasma. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The detection limit of ARMS-Plus was assessed by detecting spiked mutant plasmids which were serially diluted with normal human genomic DNA. The cutoff values were defined by examining the mutant copy numbers presented in 134 healthy controls. Plasma samples from 65 lung cancer patients were collected to evaluate the clinical performance of ARMS-Plus. EGFR mutations were concurrently tested by droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) for the plasma samples and conventional amplification refractory mutation system-PCR (ARMS-PCR) for the matched tumor tissue specimens to serve as a standard for comparison. RESULTS:In this study, the analytical sensitivity of ARMS-Plus was 0.015%. The cutoff values of EGFR 19Del, L858R, T790M mutations were defined as 2, 5, and 3 copies/mL, respectively. With tumor specimens as the standard, the sensitivity, specificity, and concordance rate of ARMS-Plus and ddPCR were 60.7%, 94.6%, and 80.0%; and 50.0%, 97.3%, and 76.9%, respectively. For quantification, the plasma 19Del and L858R mutant abundance detected by ARMS-Plus and ddPCR were consistent (Spearman R=0.7956 and 0.7710, P<0.0001). CONCLUSION:ARMS-Plus is a reliable, convenient and cost-effective method for the detection and quantification of plasma EGFR mutations.
ARMS TaqMan real-time PCR for genotyping factor V Leiden mutation in Han Chinese.
Yu Pan,Dai Yibei,Dong Jiantao,Zhang Luyan,Ping Ying,Wang Xuchu,Wang Danhua,Tao Zhihua
Factor V Leiden (FV ) is a missense mutation of 1691 position (G1691A) in exon 10 of FV gene, and being a genetic risk for venous thrombosis. Currently, there are several PCR-based methods for detecting FV mutation; however, these methods have disadvantages such as time-consuming, cumbersome steps and potentially hazardous gels. The aims of present study were to develop a simple, time-saving, accurate, and gel-free method, called amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) TaqMan real-time PCR, for detecting FV mutation. We severally designed two specific reverse primers for mutant and wild-type through intentional introduction of mismatched nucleotide at the penultimate 3' position. Although target amplicon amplification efficiency is reduced, but another corresponding amplicon is almost completely inhibited. Then, specific TaqMan-probe was designed to detect target amplicon. Established method was used to detect 500 unselected samples in Han Chinese, the results showed 499 cases of wild-type and one heterozygote. Afterward, 50 randomly picked wild-type cases and one heterozygote were reexamined by bidirectional DNA sequencing, which is considered as "Gold standard method." Exhilaratingly, the results detected by the two methods were completely consistent. At last, allelic frequency of FV was calculated the in Han Chinese. Given the above results, A FV heterozygote has been found in 500 random samples in Han Chinese, and the allelic frequency was 0.1%. In conclusion, the ARMS TaqMan real-time PCR is an ideal detecting system for genotyping FV mutation in clinical application, and FV mutation exists in Han Chinese despite extremely low prevalence.
Analysis of PIK3CA exon 9 and 20 mutations in breast cancers using PCR-HRM and PCR-ARMS: correlation with clinicopathological criteria.
Harlé Alexandre,Lion Maëva,Lozano Nicolas,Husson Marie,Harter Valentin,Genin Pascal,Merlin Jean-Louis
Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinases (PI3K) are essential for cell signaling, proliferation, differentiation and survival. The catalytic subunit of PI3K, encoded by the PIK3CA oncogene, is mutated in 18-45% of breast carcinomas. These mutations, involved in tumorigenic processes, activate the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. Resistance to anti‑human epidermal growth factor receptor, hormonal or anti-PI3K therapies have been described in breast carcinomas bearing activation of the PI3K signaling pathway. The present study reports the evaluation of PIK3CA exon 9 and 20 mutations in 149 invasive breast cancer cases using a validated PCR-high resolution melting assay (PCR-HRM). An amplification refractory mutation system (PCR-ARMS) using allele-specific scorpion primers was used to detect hotspot mutations in exons 9 (c.1624G→A and c.1633G→A) and 20 (c.3140A→G and c.3140A→T) in 118 tumor specimens. No correlation was observed with age at diagnosis, histological type, hormone receptor and HER2 status. PIK3CA exon 9 and 20 mutations were found to be related to Scarff-Bloom-Richardson (SBR) grade with a lower rate of mutations and a higher frequency of exon 9 mutations in SBRI and exon 20 mutations in SBRII/III tumors. No difference was observed in the incidence rates of the two different mutations screened for each exon in any subcategory. A statistically significant correlation was found between PCR-HRM and PCR-ARMS (κ=0.845; P<0.001). PCR-ARMS was found to be more sensitive than PCR-HRM (sensitivity 0.5 and 5-10% of mutated DNA, respectively). We propose that PCR-HRM and PCR-ARMS can be combined for the cost-effective routine clinical identification of PIK3CA mutations for the purpose of personalizing therapy for invasive breast cancers.