Histone acetyltransferase MoHat1 acetylates autophagy-related proteins MoAtg3 and MoAtg9 to orchestrate functional appressorium formation and pathogenicity in .
Yin Ziyi,Chen Chen,Yang Jie,Feng Wanzhen,Liu Xinyu,Zuo Rongfang,Wang Jingzhen,Yang Lina,Zhong Kaili,Gao Chuyun,Zhang Haifeng,Zheng Xiaobo,Wang Ping,Zhang Zhengguang
Macroautophagy/autophagy is critical for normal appressorium formation and pathogenicity of the rice blast fungus , but the molecular base of autophagy linked to pathogenicity remains elusive in this or other pathogenic fungi. We found that MoHat1, a histone acetyltransferase (HAT) homolog, had a role in the regulation of autophagy through the acetylation of autophagy related proteins MoAtg3 and MoAtg9. We also found that MoHat1 was subject to regulation by the protein kinase MoGsk1 that modulated the translocation of MoHat1 from the nucleus to the cytoplasm with the assistance of MoSsb1, a protein chaperone. The alternation of intracellular location affected MoHat1 in the modification of cytosolic autophagy proteins that maintained normal autophagy. Furthermore, we provided evidence linking acetylation of MoAtg3 and MoAtg9 by MoHat1 to functional appressorium development and pathogenicity. Together with the first report of MoAtg9 being subject to acetylation regulation by MoHat1, our studies depicted how MoHat1 regulated autophagy in conjunction with MoGsk1 and how normal autophagy was linked to appressorium formation and function and pathogenicity of . : A/Ala: alanine; AP: autophagosome; Atg genes/proteins: autophagy-related genes/proteins; BiFC: bimolecular fluorescence complementation; co-IP: co-immunoprecipitation; DAPI: 4', 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole; D/Asp: aspartic acid; GFP: green fluorescent protein; GSK3: glycogen synthase kinase 3; HAT: histone acetyltransferase; Hsp70: heat-shock protein 70; IH: invasive hyphae; K/Lys: lysine; MMS: methyl methanesulfonate; Mo: ; PAS: phagophore assembly site; PE: phosphatidylethanolamine; PtdIns3K: phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase; R/Arg: arginine; S/Ser: serine; T/Thr: threonine; TOR: target of rapamycin; WT: wild type; YFP: yellow fluorescent protein.