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    The tumor suppressor RASSF1A modulates inflammation and injury in the reperfused murine myocardium. Francisco Jamie,Byun Jaemin,Zhang Yu,Kalloo Olivia Berman,Mizushima Wataru,Oka Shinichi,Zhai Peiyong,Sadoshima Junichi,Del Re Dominic P The Journal of biological chemistry Inflammation is a central feature of cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction and heart failure. Reperfusion of the ischemic myocardium triggers a complex inflammatory response that can exacerbate injury and worsen heart function, as well as prevent myocardial rupture and mediate wound healing. Therefore, a more complete understanding of this process could contribute to interventions that properly balance inflammatory responses for improved outcomes. In this study, we leveraged several approaches, including global and regional ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), genetically modified mice, and primary cell culture, to investigate the cell type-specific function of the tumor suppressor Ras association domain family member 1 isoform A (RASSF1A) in cardiac inflammation. Our results revealed that genetic inhibition of RASSF1A in cardiomyocytes affords cardioprotection, whereas myeloid-specific deletion of RASSF1A exacerbates inflammation and injury caused by I/R in mice. Cell-based studies revealed that RASSF1A negatively regulates NF-κB and thereby attenuates inflammatory cytokine expression. These findings indicate that myeloid RASSF1A antagonizes I/R-induced myocardial inflammation and suggest that RASSF1A may be a promising target in immunomodulatory therapy for the management of acute heart injury. 10.1074/jbc.RA119.008970
    Downregulation of adiponectin induced by tumor necrosis factor α is involved in the aggravation of posttraumatic myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. Liu Shaowei,Yin Tao,Wei Xufeng,Yi Wei,Qu Yan,Liu Yi,Wang Rutao,Lian Kun,Xia Chenhai,Pei Haifeng,Sun Lu,Ma Yanzhuo,Lau Wayne Bond,Gao Erhe,Koch Walter J,Wang Haichang,Tao Ling Critical care medicine OBJECTIVE:Recent clinical observations have indicated that nonlethal mechanical trauma significantly increases myocardial infarction risk even in the presence of completely normal coronary arteries. We investigated the molecular mechanisms responsible for exacerbation of ischemic myocardial injury after nonlethal mechanical trauma with a special focus on the role of tumor necrosis factor α and its potential downstream effector adiponectin, a novel adipokine with anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective properties. DESIGN:Laboratory study. SETTING:University research unit. SUBJECTS:Male adult adiponectin knockout mice and wild-type mice. INTERVENTIONS:The animals were subjected to nonlethal mechanical trauma using the Noble-Collip drum (40 rpm ± 5 mins) followed by myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury 7 days posttrauma. We also investigated the effects of neutralizing tumor necrosis factor α with etanercept and exogenous adiponectin supplementation on ischemic myocardial injury after trauma. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:Trauma significantly sensitized myocardium to ischemia/reperfusion injury as evidenced by increased apoptosis, enlarged infarct size, and decreased cardiac function. Plasma adiponectin concentrations were reduced after traumatic injury (the nadir occurring 3 days posttrauma), an effect abrogated by etanercept-mediated tumor necrosis factor α blockade. The downregulation of adiponectin was accompanied by increased myocardial superoxide and nitric oxide generation and peroxynitrite formation. Both etanercept and exogenous adiponectin supplementation (on day 3 posttrauma or 10 mins before reperfusion on day 7 posttrauma) markedly inhibited oxidative/nitrative stress and ischemia/reperfusion injury in posttraumatic ischemic/reperfused hearts of wild-type mice, whereas only adiponectin supplementation (but not tumor necrosis factor α inhibition) substantially attenuated posttraumatic ischemia/reperfusion injury in adiponectin knockout mice. CONCLUSIONS:Tumor necrosis factor α-induced downregulation of adiponectin and the resultant enhanced oxidative/nitrative stress are involved in exacerbated posttraumatic ischemic myocardial injury. Therapeutic approaches blocking tumor necrosis factor α production or restoring adiponectin might have prophylactic value against secondary myocardial ischemic injury after a primary nonlethal mechanical trauma. 10.1097/CCM.0b013e31821b85db