Biointerfacing and Applications of Cell Membrane-Coated Nanoparticles.
Kroll Ashley V,Fang Ronnie H,Zhang Liangfang
The cell membrane-coated nanoparticle is a biomimetic platform consisting of a nanoparticulate core coated with membrane derived from a cell, such as a red blood cell, platelet, or cancer cell. The cell membrane "disguise" allows the particles to be perceived by the body as the source cell by interacting with its surroundings using the translocated surface membrane components. The newly bestowed characteristics of the membrane-coated nanoparticle can be utilized for biological interfacing in the body, providing natural solutions to many biomedical issues. This Review will cover the interactions of these cell membrane-coated nanoparticles and their applications within three biomedical areas of interest, including (i) drug delivery, (ii) detoxification, and (iii) immune modulation.
Cell membrane-based nanoparticles: a new biomimetic platform for tumor diagnosis and treatment.
Li Ruixiang,He Yuwei,Zhang Shuya,Qin Jing,Wang Jianxin
Acta pharmaceutica Sinica. B
Taking inspiration from nature, the biomimetic concept has been integrated into drug delivery systems in cancer therapy. Disguised with cell membranes, the nanoparticles can acquire various functions of natural cells. The cell membrane-coating technology has pushed the limits of common nano-systems (fast elimination in circulation) to more effectively navigate within the body. Moreover, because of the various functional molecules on the surface, cell membrane-based nanoparticles (CMBNPs) are capable of interacting with the complex biological microenvironment of the tumor. Various sources of cell membranes have been explored to camouflage CMBNPs and different tumor-targeting strategies have been developed to enhance the anti-tumor drug delivery therapy. In this review article we highlight the most recent advances in CMBNP-based cancer targeting systems and address the challenges and opportunities in this field.
Platelet-membrane-biomimetic nanoparticles for targeted antitumor drug delivery.
Wang Haijun,Wu Junzi,Williams Gareth R,Fan Qing,Niu Shiwei,Wu Jianrong,Xie Xiaotian,Zhu Li-Min
Journal of nanobiotechnology
BACKGROUND:Nanoscale drug-delivery systems (DDSs) have great promise in tumor diagnosis and treatment. Platelet membrane (PLTM) biomimetic DDSs are expected to enhance retention in vivo and escape uptake by macrophages, as well as minimizing immunogenicity, attributing to the CD47 protein in PLTM sends "don't eat me" signals to macrophages. In addition, P-selectin is overexpressed on the PLTM, which would allow a PLTM-biomimetic DDS to specifically bind to the CD44 receptors upregulated on the surface of cancer cells. RESULTS:In this study, porous nanoparticles loaded with the anti-cancer drug bufalin (Bu) were prepared from a chitosan oligosaccharide (CS)-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) copolymer. These were subsequently coated with platelet membrane (PLTM) to form PLTM-CS-pPLGA/Bu NPs. The PLTM-CS-pPLGA/Bu NPs bear a particle size of ~ 192 nm, and present the same surface proteins as the PLTM. Confocal microscopy and flow cytometry results revealed a greater uptake of PLTM-CS-pPLGA/Bu NPs than uncoated CS-pPLGA/Bu NPs, as a result of the targeted binding of P-selectin on the surface of the PLTM to the CD44 receptors of H22 hepatoma cells. In vivo biodistribution studies in H22-tumor carrying mice revealed that the PLTM-CS-pPLGA NPs accumulated in the tumor, because of a combination of active targeting effect and the EPR effect. The PLTM-CS-pPLGA/Bu NPs led to more effective tumor growth inhibition over other bufalin formulations. CONCLUSIONS:Platelet membrane biomimetic nanoparticles played a promising targeted treatment of cancer with low side effect.