Nivolumab/Ipilimumab Combo Yields Durable Efficacy in Advanced NSCLC.
Kahl Kristie L
Oncology (Williston Park, N.Y.)
Frontline treatment with nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) induced durable and long-term efficacy, compared with chemotherapy, in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and tumor PD-L1 expression greater than 1% or less than 1%, according to updated results from part 1 of the phase 3 CheckMate 227 (NCT02477826)trial presented at the 2020 American Society of Clinical Oncology Virtual Scientific Program.
Nivolumab plus ipilimumab in non-small-cell lung cancer.
Reck Martin,Borghaei Hossein,O'Byrne Kenneth J
Future oncology (London, England)
Nivolumab and ipilimumab, two therapeutic immune checkpoint inhibitor antibodies that block PD-1 and CTLA-4, respectively, have indications in cancer as single agents and in combination. In this Review, we examine the potential role of dual immune checkpoint inhibition with nivolumab plus ipilimumab in the management of patients with previously untreated advanced non-small-cell lung cancer, based on results from the Phase III CheckMate 227 study. Immunotherapies with indications in the first-line treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer include pembrolizumab alone and combined with chemotherapy, and atezolizumab combined with bevacizumab and chemotherapy. CheckMate 227 is the first Phase III study evaluating first-line chemotherapy-sparing combination immunotherapy and including tumor mutational burden as a biomarker for patient selection.
First line Immunotherapy for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
Nasser Nicola J,Gorenberg Miguel,Agbarya Abed
Pharmaceuticals (Basel, Switzerland)
Immunotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is incorporated increasingly in first line treatments protocols. Multiple phase 3 studies have tested different medications targeting programmed death receptor 1 (PD-1), programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), with or without chemotherapy. The inclusion criteria differ between the various clinical trials, including the cut-off levels of PD-L1 expression on tumor cells, and the tumor histology (squamous or non-squamous). Patients with tumor expression levels of PD-L1 ≥ 50% are candidates for treatment with single agent Pembrolizumab or Atezolizumab. Patients with PD-L1 < 50% are candidates for immunotherapy with pembrolizumab as a single agent if PL-1 > 1%; immunotherapy doublet, Nivolumab and Ipilimumab, or single agent immunotherapy combined with chemotherapy. Here we review phase 3 clinical trials utilizing immunotherapy in the first line for treatment of NSCLC, including Pembrolizumab in KEYNOTE-024, KEYNOTE-042, KEYNOTE-189 and KEYNOTE-407; Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in CHECKMATE-227 and CHECKMATE 9LA; and Atezolizumab in IMpower110, IMpower130 and IMpower150.
Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs. Chemotherapy as First-Line Therapy in Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
Hu Huabin,She Longjiang,Liao Mengting,Shi Yin,Yao Linli,Ding Dong,Zhu Youwen,Zeng Shan,Carbone David P,Huang Jin
Frontiers in oncology
The CheckMate 227 trial has indicated that nivolumab plus ipilimumab compared with chemotherapy significantly increases long-term survival in the first-line setting of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A Markov model was built to estimate the cost and effectiveness of nivolumab plus ipilimumab vs. chemotherapy as the first-line therapy in patients with advanced NSCLC based on outcomes data from the CheckMate 227 trial. We calculated the cost and health outcomes at a willingness-to-pay (WTP) threshold of $150,000 per quality adjusted life year (QALY) in populations with different programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression levels (≥50, ≥1, and <1%) or a high tumor mutational burden (TMB) (≥10 mutations per megabase). Sensitivity analysis were used to test the model stability. The outcomes showed that the incremental costs and QALYs by using nivolumab plus ipilimumab were $124180.76 and 1.16, $70951.42 and 0.53, $144093.63 and 0.83 for the advanced NSCLC patients with a PD-L1 expression ≥50%, ≥1%, and <1%, which led to an incremental cost-effective ratio (ICER) of $107403.72, $133732.20, and $172589.15 per QALY, respectively. For patients with a high TMB, nivolumab plus ipilimumab contributed an extra 2.04 QALYs at a cost of $69182.50 per QALY. Nivolumab plus ipilimumab as first-line therapy makes a better cost-effective strategy than chemotherapy in advanced NSCLC patients with PD-L1 expression levels ≥50% and ≥1% or a high TMB, at a willingness-to-pay threshold of $150,000 per QALY, but not in the patients with a PD-L1 expression <1%.