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    Interventions for Treating 3- or 4-part proximal humeral fractures in elderly patient: A network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Du Shaolong,Ye Jiahao,Chen Haolong,Li Xishan,Lin Qiang International journal of surgery (London, England) BACKGROUND:The fractures of proximal humerus have a high incidence in elderly patients, especially 3- or 4-part fracture. There are 4 main treatments including nonoperation, open reduction and internal fixation(ORIF), hemiarthroplasty(HA) and reverse shoulder arthroplasty(RSA). However, which one is the optimal choice remains a controversial topic. METHODS:Through the search of three electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane), the randomized controlled trials of 3- or 4-part proximal humeral fracture, until the end of July 2017, which is concerned with the elderly patients, were identified. The quality evaluation of each study was evaluated, Constant score and reoperation rates were extracted and analyzed. We used R(R i386 3.3.2) and the package of gemtc to perform our network meta-analysis. RESULTS:Seven randomized controlled experiments with a total number of 347 patients were brought into our network meta-analysis. The rank probability plot of Constant score showed that the RSA had significantly the highest Constant score and lower reoperation than other treatments. The other way around, the efficacy of ORIF was the poorest. The rank for the Constant score was: RSA, HA, nonoperation and ORIF. The rank for the reduction in total reoperation rates was: RSA, nonoperation, HA and ORIF. CONCLUSIONS:The statistical result suggested that RSA has become a beneficial choice to treat displaced 3-or 4-part fracture in elderly patients, that might result in more favorable clinical outcomes and reduction of reoperation rates than other methods performed for the same indication. But the ORIF is the worst. 10.1016/j.ijsu.2017.09.002
    Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty Is Superior to Plate Fixation at 2 Years for Displaced Proximal Humeral Fractures in the Elderly: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial. Fraser Alexander Nilsskog,Bjørdal Jonas,Wagle Tone Mehlum,Karlberg Anna Cecilia,Lien Odd Arve,Eilertsen Lars,Mader Konrad,Apold Hilde,Larsen Leif Børge,Madsen Jan Erik,Fjalestad Tore The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume BACKGROUND:Almost one-third of patients with proximal humeral fractures are treated surgically, and the number is increasing. When surgical treatment is chosen, there is sparse evidence on the optimum method. The DelPhi (Delta prosthesis-PHILOS plate) trial is a clinical trial comparing 2 surgical treatments. Our hypothesis was that reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) yields better clinical results compared with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) using an angular stable plate. METHODS:The DelPhi trial is a randomized controlled trial comparing reverse TSA with ORIF for displaced proximal humeral fractures (OTA/AO types 11-B2 and 11-C2) in elderly patients (65 to 85 years of age). The primary outcome measure was the Constant score at a 2-year follow-up. The secondary outcome measures included the Oxford Shoulder Score and radiographic evaluation. Results were reported as the mean difference with 95% confidence interval (CI). The intention-to-treat principle was applied for crossover patients. RESULTS:There were 124 patients included in the study. At 2 years, the mean Constant score was 68.0 points (95% CI, 63.7 to 72.4 points) for the reverse TSA group compared with 54.6 points (95% CI, 48.5 to 60.7 points) for the ORIF group, resulting in a significant mean difference of 13.4 points (95% CI, 6.2 to 20.6 points; p < 0.001) in favor of reverse TSA. When stratified for fracture classification, the mean score was 69.3 points (95% CI, 63.9 to 74.7 points) for the reverse TSA group and 50.6 points (95% CI, 41.9 to 59.2 points) for the ORIF group for type-C2 fractures, which yielded a significant mean difference of 18.7 points (95% CI, 9.3 to 28.2 points; p < 0.001). In the type-B2 fracture group, the mean score was 66.2 points (95% CI, 58.6 to 73.8 points) for the reverse TSA group and 58.5 points (95% CI, 49.6 to 67.4 points) for the ORIF group, resulting in a nonsignificant mean difference of 7.6 points (95% CI, -3.8 to 19.1 points; p = 0.19). CONCLUSIONS:At a 2-year follow-up, the data suggested an advantage of reverse TSA over ORIF in the treatment of displaced OTA/AO type-B2 and C2 proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:Therapeutic Level I. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. 10.2106/JBJS.19.01071
    Clinical investigation for displaced proximal humeral fractures in the elderly: a randomized study of two surgical treatments: reverse total prosthetic replacement versus angular stable plate Philos (The DELPHI-trial). Fjalestad Tore,Iversen Petter,Hole Margrethe Øye,Smedsrud Morten,Madsen Jan Erik BMC musculoskeletal disorders BACKGROUND:Treatment for displaced proximal humeral fractures is still under debate. Few studies exist at the highest level of evidence. Although reversed total shoulder prosthesis has gained popularity and showed promising results in the treatment for proximal humeral fractures in the elderly patients, no randomized controlled trials exist to the authors' knowledge. METHODS/DESIGN:This study is a randomized semi-blinded controlled multicenter trial designed according to the Consort statement and the recommendations given by the Cochrane reviewers for proximal humeral fractures. The study will investigate whether a reversed total shoulder prosthetic replacement gain better functional outcome compared to open reduction and internal fixation using an angular stable plate in displaced three- and four parts proximal humeral fractures after two and five years follow-up.Participants are aged 65-85 admitted in seven different hospitals with a displaced proximal humeral fracture according to AO-OTA type 11-B2 or 11-C2. The intervention group is surgical treatment using a reversed total shoulder prosthesis (Delta X-tend) compared to open reduction and internal fixation with an angular stable plate (Philos) and thread cerclage in the control group. 60 patients will be randomized to each group.The primary outcome is shoulder function (Constant score). Secondary outcomes will be patient self-assessment form (Oxford shoulder score), a quality of life questionnaire (15D score) and resource implications (cost-effectiveness). Follow-ups take place at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months, and five years. The trial design is semi-blinded with blinded physiotherapists performing the functional testing of patients at all follow-ups.Randomization to treatment groups is electronic online, by independent supervisor (web-CRF). The recruitment of patients started at January 1.st 2013. Inclusion of 120 patients during three years is expected. DISCUSSION:This semiblinded trial include a high number of patients compared to existing randomized trials in this field. To our knowledge and according to ClinicalTrials.gov, this is the first study that compare these two treatments for a displaced proximal humeral fracture in elderly patients. This may provide important information to help the surgeon to decide the best treatment in the future. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER:ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01737060. 10.1186/1471-2474-15-323