Efficacy and safety of Xinnaoning capsule in treating chronic stable angina (qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome): Study protocol for a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
Zhao Jun-Nan,Zhang Ying,Lan Xu,Chen Yao,Li Jing,Zhang Ping,Wu Li-Qi,Jia Shu-Ting,Liu Yue,Xu Feng-Qin
BACKGROUND:Chronic stable angina (CSA) is a cardiovascular disease with high prevalence. At present, drug treatment is still the main measure of stable angina pectoris. Traditional Chinese medicine has a long history in the treatment of CSA. Qi stagnation and Blood stasis syndrome is a common syndrome of CSA. Xinnaoning (XNN) capsule is considered as an effective adjuvant treatment for CSA with the efficacy of promoting qi and blood circulation but lack of high-quality clinical evidence. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of XNN capsule compared with placebo by clinical trial. METHODS:This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial will be conducted with a total of 240 participants diagnosed with chronic stable angina (qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome). The participants will be randomized (1:1) into groups receiving either XNN or placebo for 12 weeks. After a 2-week run-in period, they will receive either XNN or placebo (3 pills, 3 times daily) for 12 weeks on the basis of conventional therapy. The primary outcomes include changes in the integral scores of angina symptoms. The secondary outcome measures include changes in the total score of traditional Chinese medicine syndrome, severity grading of angina pectoris, the number of angina pectoris per week, nitroglycerin dosage, score of seattle angina scale, serum homocysteine, incidence of cardiovascular events. Safety outcomes will also be assessed. Adverse events will be monitored throughout the trial. RESULTS:This study will investigate whether XNN capsule can alleviate clinical symptoms, and improve quality of life of patients with chronic stable angina (qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome). The results of this study will provide clinical evidence for the application of XNN capsule in the treatment of chronic stable angina. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03914131.
Validation of the Seattle angina questionnaire in women with ischemic heart disease.
Patel Krishna K,Arnold Suzanne V,Chan Paul S,Tang Yuanyuan,Jones Philip G,Guo Jianping,Buchanan Donna M,Qintar Mohammed,Decker Carole,Morrow David A,Spertus John A
American heart journal
BACKGROUND:Although the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) has been widely used to assess disease-specific health status in patients with ischemic heart disease, it was originally developed in a predominantly male population and its validity in women has been questioned. METHODS:Using data from 8892 men and 4013 women across 2 multicenter trials and 5 registries, we assessed the construct validity, test-retest reliability, responsiveness to clinical change, and predictive validity of the SAQ Summary Score (SS) and its 5 subdomains (Physical Limitation (PL), Anginal Stability (AS), Angina Frequency (AF), Treatment Satisfaction (TS), and Quality of Life (QoL)) separately in men and women. RESULTS:Comparable correlations of the SAQ SS with Canadian Cardiovascular Society class was demonstrated in both men and women (-0.48 for men, -0.46 for women). Similar correlations between the SAQ PL scale with treadmill exercise duration and Short Form-12 (SF-12) Physical Component Summary were observed in women and men (0.34-0.63 and 0.40-0.63, respectively). SAQ AS scores were significantly lower for both men and women with acute syndromes compared with 1 month later. The SAQ AF scale was strongly correlated with daily angina diaries (0.62 for men and 0.66 for women). The SAQ QoL scores were moderately correlated with the EQ5D visual analog scale and SF-12 general health question in men (0.43-0.50) and women (0.33-0.39). All SAQ scales demonstrated excellent reliability (intraclass correlation ≥0.78) in both men and women with stable CAD and were very sensitive to change after percutaneous coronary intervention (≥15-point difference in scores, standardized response mean ≥ 0.67). The SAQ SS was similarly predictive of 1-year mortality and cardiac re-hospitalizations for both men and women. CONCLUSION:The SAQ demonstrates similar psychometric properties in men and women with CAD. These findings provide evidence for validity of the SAQ in assessing women with IHD.