To Cement or Not? Five-Year Results of a Prospective, Randomized Study Comparing Cemented vs Cementless Total Knee Arthroplasty.
Fricka Kevin B,McAsey Craig J,Sritulanondha Supatra
The Journal of arthroplasty
BACKGROUND:The optimal mode of fixation in total knee arthroplasty is a continuing subject of debate. METHODS:Previously, we reported 2-year results for this prospective, randomized trial. Knee Society Scores, Oxford scores, and pain visual analog scales were collected pre-operatively and post-operatively. Minimum 5-year follow-up has been obtained with radiographic analysis for 85 patients. RESULTS:Mean Knee Society Scores and Oxford scores and patient-reported outcomes were similar in both groups. Each group had 1 additional revision, but neither was related to implant fixation. Survivorship with revision as an endpoint was equivalent (95.9% and 95.3%, P = .98). There was no significant difference in radiolucencies observed between groups (P = .10), all were non-progressive. CONCLUSION:Cementless and cemented total knee arthroplasty had equivalent patient-reported outcomes and survivorship at midterm follow-up. Updates are planned at 10 and 15-year intervals to observe long-term modes of failure between these 2 methods of fixation.
Cemented Versus Cementless Total Knee Arthroplasty of the Same Modern Design: A Prospective, Randomized Trial.
Nam Denis,Lawrie Charles M,Salih Rondek,Nahhas Cindy R,Barrack Robert L,Nunley Ryan M
The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume
BACKGROUND:Highly porous surfaces promoting biologic fixation have renewed interest in cementless total knee arthroplasty (TKA), but the potential for failed biologic fixation remains. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of cemented and cementless versions of the same TKA design at an average of 2 years postoperatively. METHODS:This was an institutional review board-approved, prospective, randomized controlled trial of patients from 18 to 75 years of age who were undergoing a primary TKA. Patients with inflammatory arthritis, a body mass index (BMI) of >40 kg/m, infection, a neuromuscular disorder, or grossly osteoporotic bone or bone defects were excluded. Patients were randomized to receive a cemented or cementless cruciate-retaining TKA of the same design. The cementless implant has highly porous fixation surfaces. Oxford Knee, Knee Society, and Forgotten Joint Scores were collected. Patients were asked to rate the knee with the TKA as a percentage of normal. Power analysis indicated that 130 patients were necessary to demonstrate a 5-point difference in the Oxford Knee Score at 90% power. RESULTS:One hundred and forty-seven patients were enrolled, and 141 (96%) of them were analyzed at an average of 2 years postoperatively. There was no difference in age, sex, BMI, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, or duration of follow-up (p = 0.1 to 0.9). There was also no difference in the change in the hemoglobin level from the preoperative measurement to postoperative day 1 between the 2 cohorts (mean and standard deviation, -2.6 ± 1.4 g/dL compared with -2.5 ± 0.9 g/dL, p = 0.5), but the total operative time was decreased in the cementless cohort (82.1 ± 16.6 compared with 93.7 ± 16.7 minutes, p = 0.001). There were no differences in any clinical outcome measure at 4 to 6 weeks, 1 year, or an average of 2 years postoperatively (p = 0.1 to 0.9) between the cemented and cementless cohorts. There was no radiographic evidence of component subsidence or loosening in either cohort. CONCLUSIONS:This study demonstrated that a recently introduced cementless TKA had results, both perioperatively and at an average of 2 years postoperatively, that were equivalent to those of its cemented predecessor, without any aseptic failures of either implant. Thus, this study justifies continued surveillance of this device to elucidate both its survivorship and if it can provide any long-term benefits. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:Therapeutic Level I. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
No difference in implant survivorship and clinical outcomes between full-cementless and full-cemented fixation in primary total knee arthroplasty: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Zhou Kai,Yu Haoda,Li Jinglong,Wang Haoyang,Zhou Zongke,Pei Fuxing
International journal of surgery (London, England)
BACKGROUND:The debate over the use of cemented or cementless fixation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has never stopped since cementless fixation was introduced. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the optimal mode of fixation (full-cementless vs. full-cemented) in TKA. METHODS:PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library databases up to July 2017 were searched to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-RCTs comparing full-cementless TKA and full-cemented TKA. The primary outcome was implant survivorship. Secondary outcomes included radiological outcomes (maximum total point-motion [MTPM], radiolucent line, rotation degree) and clinical outcomes (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index [WOMAC] score, Knee Society Score [KSS] score, postoperative range of movement, blood loss and complications). RESULTS:Seven studies were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis. The mean follow-up was 7.1 years (range from 2 to 16.6 years). There was no difference in implant survivorship (RR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.95-1.01; p = 0.25; I = 0%), MTPM (weighted mean difference [WMD], 0.13 mm; 95% CI, -0.69-0.95; p = 0.75; I = 89.3%) and radiolucent line (RR, 1.36; 95% CI, 0.57-3.23; p = 0.48; I = 54%) between the cementless and cemented methods. There was a mean 0.22° more rotation in the full-cementless fixation group (95% CI, 0.13-0.32; p < 0.01; I = 28.5%). There were no significant differences relating to clinical outcomes (WOMAC score, KSS score, postoperative range of movement, blood loss and complications) between the two fixation groups. CONCLUSIONS:Although more overall component rotation is found in full-cementless fixation, the implant survivorship and clinical efficacy are likely similar between full-cementless and full-cemented fixation. However, future RCTs with similar cementless prosthetic coating and longer-term follow-up are still needed to confirm our findings.
To Cement or Not? Two-Year Results of a Prospective, Randomized Study Comparing Cemented Vs. Cementless Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA).
Fricka Kevin B,Sritulanondha Supatra,McAsey Craig J
The Journal of arthroplasty
The optimal mode of fixation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a subject of debate. We enrolled 100 TKA patients randomized to cemented or cementless fixation. Knee Society Scores (KSS), Oxford scores and pain visual analog scales (VAS) were collected pre-operatively and post-operatively. Two-year follow-up was obtained for 93 patients. The mean VAS trended higher for the cementless group at 4 months (P=0.06). At 2 years, the KSS functional scores, Oxford scores, and self-reported questions for satisfaction, less pain and better function were similar but the cemented group had higher KSS clinical scores (96.4 vs. 92.3, P=0.03). More radiolucencies were seen in cementless knees (P<0.001). The cementless group had one revision for instability and one cemented knee was revised for infection. Cementless TKA showed equivalent survivorship (revision for any reason as the endpoint) compared to cemented TKA at this early follow-up. Close monitoring of radiolucencies is important with continued follow-up.