A simple method to produce 2D and 3D microfluidic paper-based analytical devices for clinical analysis.
de Oliveira Ricardo A G,Camargo Fiamma,Pesquero Naira C,Faria Ronaldo Censi
Analytica chimica acta
This paper describes the fabrication of 2D and 3D microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μPADs) for monitoring glucose, total protein, and nitrite in blood serum and artificial urine. A new method of cutting and sealing filter paper to construct μPADs was demonstrated. Using an inexpensive home cutter printer soft cellulose-based filter paper was easily and precisely cut to produce pattern hydrophilic microchannels. 2D and 3D μPADs were designed with three detection zones each for the colorimetric detection of the analytes. A small volume of samples was added to the μPADs, which was photographed after 15 min using a digital camera. Both μPADs presented an excellent analytical performance for all analytes. The 2D device was applied in artificial urine samples and reached limits of detection (LODs) of 0.54 mM, 5.19 μM, and 2.34 μM for glucose, protein, and nitrite, respectively. The corresponding LODs of the 3D device applied for detecting the same analytes in artificial blood serum were 0.44 mM, 1.26 μM, and 4.35 μM.
Versatile high-performance inkjet-printed paper photo-actuators based on 2D materials.
Rahneshin Vahid,Farzad Milad,Azizi Shima,Panchapakesan Balaji
In this paper, we present high-performance and versatile inkjet-printed paper photo-actuators based on two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials. As a rapid fabrication method, inkjet printing of 2D materials is used to promptly fabricate photo-actuators in a bi-layer paper/polymer structure. Water-based and biocompatible inks based on graphene and molybdenum disulfide are developed based on liquid phase exfoliation and differential centrifugation technique. It is shown that incorporation of 2D materials with inkjet printing techniques and liquid phase exfoliation can lead to rapid fabrication of photo-actuators with huge opto-mechanical energy release and versatility with a broad range of applications due to specific design and methods presented in this paper.
Using the Rubik's Cube to directly produce paper analytical devices for quantitative point-of-care aptamer-based assays.
Fu Haiyan,Yang Juanhua,Guo Lin,Nie Jinfang,Yin Qiaobo,Zhang Lang,Zhang Yun
Biosensors & bioelectronics
In this article, we describe a facile method named as Rubik's Cube stamping (RCS) for equipment-free fabrication of microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μPADs). RCS is inspired by the worldwide ubiquitous RC toy and requires no specialized electric equipment other than a classical six-faced RC that is assembled with home-made small iron components. It can pattern various rosin microstructures in paper simply by either using different functional faces of the modified RC or applying its internal pivot mechanism to adjust the components' patterning forms on one functional face. Such a versatile stamping method is quite simple and inexpensive, and thus holds potential for producing rosin-patterned μPADs by untrained users in resource-limited environments such as small laboratories and private clinics, or even at home and in the field. Moreover, a set of one-channel devices are fabricated to design a point-of-care aptamer-based assay with near sample-in-answer-out capability that integrates enzymatic reactions for robust yet efficient signal amplification and a personal glucometer for portable, user-friendly, rapid and quantitative readout. Its utility is well demonstrated with the sensitive and specific detection of adenosine as a model target in buffer samples and undiluted human urine within several minutes. With the advantages of low cost, simplicity, portability, rapidity, and aptamer variety, this general point-of-care assay system reported here may find broad applications including home healthcare, field-based environmental monitoring or food analysis and emergency situations.