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    Long-Axis In-Plane Approach Versus Short-Axis Out-of-Plane Approach for Ultrasound-Guided Central Venous Catheterization in Pediatric Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Takeshita Jun,Tachibana Kazuya,Nakajima Yasufumi,Nagai Gaku,Fujiwara Ai,Hamaba Hirofumi,Matsuura Hideki,Yamashita Tomonori,Shime Nobuaki Pediatric critical care medicine : a journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to compare the occurrence of posterior wall puncture between the long-axis in-plane and the short-axis out-of-plane approaches in a randomized controlled trial of pediatric patients who underwent cardiovascular surgery under general anesthesia. DESIGN:Prospective randomized controlled trial. SETTING:Operating room of Osaka Women's and Children's Hospital. PATIENTS:Pediatric patients less than 5 years old who underwent cardiovascular surgery. INTERVENTIONS:Ultrasound-guided central venous catheterization using the long-axis in-plane approach and short-axis out-of-plane approach. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:The occurrence of posterior wall puncture was compared between the long-axis in-plane and short-axis out-of-plane approaches for ultrasound-guided central venous catheterization. Patients were randomly allocated to a long-axis group or a short-axis group and underwent ultrasound-guided central venous catheterization in the internal jugular vein using either the long-axis in-plane approach (long-axis group) or the short-axis out-of-plane approach (short-axis group). After exclusion, 97 patients were allocated to the long-axis (n = 49) or short-axis (n = 48) groups. Posterior wall puncture rates were 8.2% (4/49) and 39.6% (19/48) in the long-axis and short-axis groups, respectively (relative risk, 0.21; 95% CI, 0.076-0.56; p = 0.0003). First attempt success rates were 67.3% (33/49) and 64.6% (31/48) in the long-axis and short-axis groups, respectively (relative risk, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.78-1.39; p = 0.77). Overall success rates within 20 minutes were 93.9% (46/49) and 93.8% (45/48) in the long-axis and short-axis groups, respectively (relative risk, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.90-1.11; p = 0.98). CONCLUSIONS:The long-axis in-plane approach for ultrasound-guided central venous catheterization is a useful technique for avoiding posterior wall puncture in pediatric patients, compared with the short-axis out-of-plane approach. 10.1097/PCC.0000000000002476
    Central venous catheter related thrombosis in haematology patients and prediction of risk by screening with Doppler-ultrasound. van Rooden Cornelis J,Rosendaal Frits R,Barge Renée M Y,van Oostayen Jacques A,van der Meer Felix J M,Meinders A Edo,Huisman Menno V British journal of haematology Patients with a central venous catheter (CVC) who receive intensive chemotherapy or a stem cell transplantation for haematological disease are at risk for developing CVC-related thrombosis. To study the incidence of thrombosis, 105 consecutive patients underwent serial Doppler-ultrasound and we evaluated whether clinically manifest thrombosis could be predicted by screening with Doppler-ultrasound. Patients with subclavian or jugular inserted CVCs were clinically assessed each day for signs and symptoms of thrombosis. Additional Doppler-ultrasound screens were performed weekly by an independent physician in all patients until CVC removal. Doppler-ultrasound recordings were assessed by two blinded observers. In cases of clinically suspected thrombosis, the attending physicians followed routine diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. The overall cumulative incidence of CVC-related thrombosis was 28.6% (30 of 105 patients). Of the 30 patients with thrombosis, 26 had subclinical thrombosis by Doppler-ultrasound, nine of whom developed clinically manifest thrombosis later. Four patients had clinically manifest thrombosis without prior abnormal Doppler-ultrasound. In cases of subclinical thrombosis the risk of developing symptomatic disease increased sevenfold (34.6% vs. 5.1%). Doppler-ultrasound screening may be useful to identify those patients that are at high and low risk for clinically manifest CVC-related thrombosis. 10.1046/j.1365-2141.2003.04638.x
    Ultrasound-based prediction of cephalic vein cutdown success prior to totally implantable venous access device placement. Staszewicz Wojciech,Naiken Surrenaido P,Mennet André,Meyer Jeremy,Righini Marc,Morel Philippe,Toso Christian Journal of vascular surgery. Venous and lymphatic disorders BACKGROUND:Surgical venous cutdown is a method for totally implantable venous access device (TIVAD) insertion. The main drawback of this technique is its higher failure rate when compared with the percutaneous approach, which is mostly related to anatomic variations of the cephalic vein. The aim of this study was to assess preoperative ultrasound imaging as a tool to predict cephalic vein cutdown failure for TIVAD insertion. METHODS:Ultrasound and operative reports of a cohort of patients undergoing TIVAD insertion by cephalic vein cutdown were reviewed. Ultrasound venous (vein visibility, diameter, length, subcutaneous depth, vein path, and subclavian junction visibility) and patient variables were tested by logistic regression as predictors of TIVAD insertion failure. RESULTS:One hundred sixty consecutive patients underwent cephalic vein cutdown for attempted TIVAD insertion. An inability to visualize the vein on the preoperative ultrasound examination (odds ratio, 4.39; 95% confidence interval, 1.57-12.30; P < .05) and depth of the vein (odds ratio, 1.07; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-1.15; P = .042) were predictors of failure of TIVAD insertion by cephalic vein cutdown. CONCLUSIONS:Preoperative ultrasound examination allows identifying patients at risk of failure of TIVAD insertion by cephalic vein cutdown. Preoperative ultrasound examination constitutes an efficient tool for choosing the most appropriate surgical approach and improving patient comfort. 10.1016/j.jvsv.2019.07.004