Prognostic Parameters for Patients with Cervical Cancer FIGO Stages IA2-IIB: A Long-Term Follow-Up.
Obrzut Bogdan,Semczuk Andrzej,Naróg Maciej,Obrzut Marzanna,Król Piotr
OBJECTIVE:We assessed the prognostic factors related to 10-year overall survival and disease-free survival in cervical cancer patients that underwent primary surgical protocols in 1 institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS:A total of 102 patients with uterine cervical cancer at FIGO stages IA2-IIB that underwent a Piver type III radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy between 1998 and 2001 were included. Univariate and multivariate analyses of 10-year overall survival and 10-year disease-free survival were performed. RESULTS:Univariate analysis revealed that only lymphovascular space invasion significantly affected 10-year overall survival (p = 0.04), but it had no effect on the 10-year disease-free survival rate. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that survival rates were significantly affected by FIGO stage (p = 0.02, 95% CI: 1.18-5.55, for 10-year overall survival; p = 0.03, 95% CI: 1.07-6.12, for 10-year disease-free survival) and metastases to the pelvic lymph nodes (p = 0.0005, 95% CI: 1.81-8.53, for 10-year overall survival; p = 0.01, 95% CI: 1.26-7.24, for 10-year disease-free survival). CONCLUSIONS:The only independent prognostic factors for 10-year survival rates in patients with cervical cancer at FIGO stages IA2-IIB were clinical stage and presence of metastases to the pelvic lymph nodes. The presence of lymphovascular space invasion adversely affected 10-year overall survival.
Influence of the New FIGO Classification for Cervical Cancer on Patient Survival: A Retrospective Analysis of 265 Histologically Confirmed Cases with FIGO Stages IA to IIB.
de Gregorio Amelie,Widschwendter Peter,Ebner Florian,Friedl Thomas Wolfram Paul,Huober Jens,Janni Wolfgang,de Gregorio Nikolaus
OBJECTIVE:At the end of the year 2018, a new FIGO classification for cervical cancer was published, mainly revising stage IB and introducing a new stage IIIC, which includes irrespectively of tumor size and local spread all patients with lymph node metastasis. METHODS:We retrospectively analyzed all cases of cervical cancer stage I to IIB who underwent surgery as primary treatment at our institution from 2000 until 2016 and therefore had a histological confirmation of tumor stage. We reclassified all histologies according to the new FIGO classification and calculated outcome according to the new stages. RESULTS:Out of 265 patients, 146 (55%) patients were reclassified into a higher FIGO stage. Most changes appeared within stage IB and from any stage to stage IIIC1. Kaplan-Meier curves for new stages showed a significant difference in disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) between stages I versus II versus III (log-rank test, both p < 0.001). Overall, patients that were upstaged had a significant worse DFS (p = 0.012) and OS (p = 0.008) than patients whose stage did not change. Similar observations were made within sub-stages, when node-positive IB or IIB tumors were upstaged to IIIC tumors. CONCLUSION:The new FIGO classification for cervical cancer reflects the strong impact of lymph node metastases on survival and is a clear improvement compared to the old FIGO classification with regard to risk stratification.