Bioinformatic Analysis of Differentially Expressed Genes and Screening of Hub Genes in Uveal Melanoma Cells with BRCA1-Associated Protein 1 Related Protein 1 Depletion.
Li Wei,Nie Aiqin,Li Qiang,Cao He,Song Yinwei,Ling Yunzhi,Xie Ning,Liang Gaohua
Journal of biomedical nanotechnology
Recent studies have found that chromosome 3 is frequently mutated in metastatic uveal melanoma (UVM), which leads to the loss of BAP1 expression or the weakening of BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) function and promotes metastasis of uveal melanoma cells. However, the specific signaling pathways that are affected by BAP1 depletion in uveal melanoma remain unclear. Our aim in this study was to verify the effect and regulatory mechanism of BAP1 on uveal melanoma. RT-qPCR and western blotting results showed that BAP1 was significantly down-regulated in OCM-1A cells treated with a BAP1 shRNA vector. MTT, cell scratch and transwell migration assays showed that low expression of BAP1 significantly promoted the proliferation and migration of UVM cells. A total of 269 up-regulated and 807 down-regulated genes were identified from the combined GSE110193 and GSE48863 data sets. These differentially expressed genes are mainly involved in the composition of extracellular matrix and the regulation of the Wnt signaling pathway and are closely related to the cell adhesion pathway. , , , and were among the differentially expressed genes and are closely related to the prognosis of UVM. Therefore, the deletion of BAP1 is closely related to poor prognosis of UVM and is a risk factor for UVM metastasis. The potential targets of BAP1 include , , , and . It is believed that BAP1 regulates UVM cell adhesion through these four genes and ultimately regulates tumor development and migration.
Comparison between clinical significance of serum CXCL-8 and classical tumor markers in oesophageal cancer (OC) patients.
Łukaszewicz-Zając Marta,Pączek Sara,Muszyński Paweł,Kozłowski Mirosław,Mroczko Barbara
Clinical and experimental medicine
C-X-C motif chemokine 8 (CXCL-8), known as interleukin-8, is a pro-inflammatory cytokine which acts as a chemotactic factor, mainly for leukocytes. CXCL-8 is produced by malignant cells, and therefore it can stimulate the growth and progression of various neoplasms, including oesophageal cancer (OC). The aim of the current study was to measure serum concentrations of chemokine CXCL-8 in OC patients and establish whether this protein might be considered a potential candidate for a tumor marker in the diagnosis and progression of OC. The study included 50 OC subjects (32 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of oesophagus-OSCC, 18 patients with adenocarcinoma-OAC) and 26 healthy volunteers. Serum CXCL-8 concentrations were measured using immunoenzymatic assay (ELISA). CRP levels were determined by immunoturbidimetric method, while classical tumor marker levels were measured using chemiluminescent immunoassay. CXCL-8 concentrations were significantly higher in OC patients compared to healthy controls. We demonstrated significant differences between CXCL-8 concentrations and depth of tumor invasion (T factor) in OC patients and OSCC subgroup. In addition, CXCL-8 levels were found to correlate positively with T factor and CRP concentrations. The diagnostic sensitivity, negative predictive value and the area under ROC curve (AUC) of CXCL-8 were higher than those of classical tumor markers. Our findings suggest the potential usefulness of CXCL-8 in the diagnosis and progression of OC. However, due to the non-specific nature of this chemokine, further research is needed to clarify the usefulness of CXCL-8 as a tumor marker of OC.