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    Top priorities for the next decade of nursing health services research. Cohen Catherine Crawford,Barnes Hilary,Buerhaus Peter I,Martsolf Grant R,Clarke Sean P,Donelan Karen,Tubbs-Cooley Heather L Nursing outlook BACKGROUND:The U.S. health care system faces increasing pressures for reform. The importance of nurses in addressing health care delivery challenges cannot be overstated. PURPOSE:To present a Nursing Health Services Research (NHSR) agenda for the 2020s. METHOD:A meeting of an interdisciplinary group of 38 health services researchers to discuss five key challenges facing health care delivery (behavioral health, primary care, maternal/neonatal outcomes, the aging population, health care spending) and identify the most pressing and feasible research questions for NHSR in the coming decade. FINDINGS:Guided by a list of inputs affecting health care delivery (health information technology, workforce, delivery systems, payment, social determinants of health), meeting participants identified 5 to 6 research questions for each challenge. Also, eight cross-cutting themes illuminating the opportunities and barriers facing NHSR emerged. DISCUSSION:The Agenda can act as a foundation for new NHSR - which is more important than ever - in the 2020s. 10.1016/j.outlook.2020.12.004