Influence of type D personality on job stress and job satisfaction in clinical nurses: the mediating effects of compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction.
Kim Yeon Hee,Kim Sung Reul,Kim Yeo Ok,Kim Ji Young,Kim Hyun Kyung,Kim Hye Young
Journal of advanced nursing
AIMS:To test a hypothetical path model evaluating the influence of type D personality on job stress and job satisfaction and to identify the mediating effects of compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction among clinical nurses in South Korea. BACKGROUND:Personalities susceptible to stress, compassion fatigue, and burnout in clinical nurses have negative effects on the job stress and job satisfaction. DESIGN:A correlational, cross-sectional design was used. METHODS:A convenience sample of 875 clinical nurses was recruited between December 2014 - February 2015. The structured questionnaires included the Type D personality scale-14, Professional Quality of Life, job stress, job satisfaction, and general characteristics. To test the hypothetical path model, we performed a path analysis by using the AMOS 18·0 program. FINDINGS:Based on the path model, type D personality was significantly associated with compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction in our study subjects. Type D personality was significantly associated with job stress and job satisfaction via the effect of burnout, compassion satisfaction, and job stress. CONCLUSION:Since type D personality is associated with job stress and job satisfaction, identifying personalities vulnerable to stress would help to address job stress and to enhance job satisfaction when nurses have a high level of compassion fatigue and burnout and a low level of compassion satisfaction. The development of interventions that can reduce negative affect and social inhibition of nurses with type D personality and investigation of methods to decrease their compassion fatigue and burnout and to increase compassion satisfaction should be encouraged.
The mediating effect of resilience on the relationship between Type D personality and self-care behavior in patients with heart failure.
Heo Ji Min,Kim Chul-Gyu
Japan journal of nursing science : JJNS
AIM:There have been few studies done looking at the relationship between resilience, Type D personality, and self-care behavior in patients with heart failure. The purpose of this study was to identify the mediating effect of resilience on the relationship between Type D personality and self-care behavior in patients with heart failure. METHODS:The subjects consisted of a sample of 90 heart failure patients aged ≥20 years who visited the cardiology outpatient clinic in the Chungbuk area of South Korea. RESULTS:Among 90 patients, 49 subjects (54.0%) were classified as Type D personality, who exhibited statistically significant differences in resilience and self-care behavior (p < .001). A statistically significant correlation was also observed between self-care behavior score and resilience score (p < .01). The resilience had full mediation effects on the relationship between Type D personality and self-care behavior. In other words, the higher their resilience, the better their self-care behavior. CONCLUSIONS:The study showed that resilience and Type D personality have important effects on self-care behavior.