Incidence and risk factors of suicide among patients diagnosed with bladder cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Guo Zhenlang,Gu Chiming,Li Siyi,Gan Shu,Li Yuan,Xiang Songtao,Gong Leiliang,Wang Shusheng
BACKGROUND:Patients with bladder cancer have a high risk of suicide. This study aimed to assess how bladder cancer increases suicide risk and to identify the demographic and clinical factors associated with suicidal death among patients with bladder cancer. METHODS:Literature search of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, Web of Sciences and Cochrane Library databases was conducted up to April 2020 to identify eligible studies related to the incidence and risk factors of suicide after bladder cancer diagnosis. Summary multivariate-adjusted risk estimates and their associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using inverse variance method with random or fixed-effect modeling. RESULTS:Five retrospective cohorts comprising 563,680 patients with bladder cancer were included. Higher risk of suicide by 1.90-fold was observed among patients with bladder cancer (hazard ratio, HR = 1.90, 95% CI: 1.29-2.81; P = 0.001; I = 81.2%), especially in those aged 70 years or older (HR = 1.36, 95% CI: 1.29-1.43; P < 0.001; I = 0%), unmarried (HR = 1.72, 95% CI: 1.61-1.83; P < 0.001; I = 0%), and those with regional bladder cancer (HR = 1.88, 95% CI: 1.10-3.21; P = 0.021; I = 96.3%), compared with those without bladder cancer. Furthermore, gender and race were not associated with increased suicide risk among patients with bladder cancer. CONCLUSIONS:Suicide risk is increased among patients with bladder cancer, particularly those aged 70 years or older, unmarried and those with regional bladder cancer. Hence, early psychological support must be provided during the follow-up period of these special populations with a high suicide risk.
Clinical Characteristics and Risk Factors of Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Based on Observational Studies.
Xu Ting,Zhang Guangfeng,Lin Haobo,Xie Yuesheng,Feng Yuan,Zhang Xiao,Dong Guangfu
Clinical reviews in allergy & immunology
Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is a rare but potentially deadly manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of DAH in SLE. A systematic review and meta-analysis of previous observational studies compared the clinical characteristics and risk factors between DAH-SLE and SLE patients without DAH. A total of 5 observational studies were included in this meta-analysis. Compared with the SLE patients without DAH, DAH-SLE patients had a significantly higher incidence of neuropsychiatric events (OR = 4.321, 95% CI (1.686-11.073), P = 0.002, I = 49.2%), nephritis (OR = 3.146, 95% CI (1.663-5.955,), P = 0.000, I = 0.0%), serositis (OR = 6.028, 95% CI (1.418-25.635), P = 0.015, I = 80.3%), dyspnea (OR = 31.241,95% CI (0.202-4833.203), P = 0.181, I = 94.6%), and a significantly lower level of C3 (SMD = - 1.358, 95% CI - 1.685, - 1.031), P = 0.000, I = 98.0%), C4 (SMD = - 1.251, 95% CI (- 1.648, - 0.855), P = 0.000, I = 87.7%), hemoglobin (SMD = - 2.074, 95% CI (- 2.433, - 1.715), P = 0.000, I = 94.2%), and a higher SLEDAI-2K score (SMD = 1.284, 95% CI (0.959, 1.608), P = 0.000, I = 98.2%). However, due to significant heterogeneity, some of these results should be interpreted cautiously. Nevertheless, when the above abnormal indicators are found, especially neuropsychiatric involvement and nephritis, besides the existed diagnostic criteria for DAH in SLE patients, a diagnosis for DAH should be considered and relevant treatment timely initiated. Further prospective multi-center SLE studies with a large cohort of patients and long-term follow-up are needed to clarify further or find out the specific clinical indexes for DAH in SLE patients.
Androgenetic alopecia and risk of prostate cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Amoretti Aline,Laydner Humberto,Bergfeld Wilma
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
BACKGROUND:Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is a genetically determined skin condition strongly age dependent and androgens are assumed to play an important role in its development. A link between AGA and prostate cancer has been hypothesized because of their similar risk factors. OBJECTIVE:We sought to systematically review the evidence available on the association between AGA and risk of prostate cancer. METHODS:We searched the electronic databases MEDLINE and Cochrane for studies examining the association between AGA and risk of prostate cancer. We estimated pooled odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals. We also analyzed the OR for individual hair loss patterns, as defined by the Hamilton scale. RESULTS:A total of 7 case-control studies including 8994 patients-4078 cases and 4916 controls-were reviewed. One cohort study was identified but did not meet our inclusion criteria. There was statistically significant association between vertex baldness and prostate cancer (OR 1.25; 95% confidence interval 1.09-1.44; Z = 3.13; P = .002). No statistically significant association between AGA (any pattern) and prostate cancer was identified (OR 1.03; 95% confidence interval 0.93-1.13; Z = 0.55; P = .58). LIMITATIONS:Only case-control studies, which may be subject to bias, met the inclusion criteria for this meta-analysis. CONCLUSIONS:Vertex pattern AGA was associated with a significant increased risk of prostate cancer. Any pattern AGA did not show a significant increase in the risk of prostate cancer.