Exogenous progesterone for LH surge prevention is redundant in ovarian stimulation protocols.
Messinis Ioannis E,Messini Christina I,Anifandis George,Daponte Alexandros
Reproductive biomedicine online
During ovarian stimulation for IVF-embryo transfer treatment, a premature LH surge may lead to progesterone elevation that disrupts endometrial maturation and affects the probability of pregnancy following fresh embryo transfer. Preventing this LH surge and progesterone elevation using gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues is considered a standard practice. The same policy applies to cycles in which the 'freeze-all' protocol has been selected from the outset (e.g. donors), but the need for this has not been discussed. Moreover, in 'freeze-all' cycles, exogenous progesterone administration tends to replace GnRH antagonists, without reducing efficacy after embryo transfer in frozen-thawed cycles. Nevertheless, as exogenous progesterone is expected to have the same impact on the endometrium as endogenous progesterone, it is clear that, unlike in fresh cycles, in 'freeze-all' cycles an endogenous LH surge prevention does not seem necessary. Therefore, both GnRH antagonists and exogenous progesterone appear to be redundant in 'freeze-all' cycles, and in this context the indications for the use of GnRH analogues in ovarian stimulation protocols need to be revisited.