[Plastic reconstructive surgery in patients with oropharyngeal tumors].
Remmert S,Hasenberg S
Oropharyngeal tumors can cause severe dysfunctions, which are often worsened by surgical and/or radiotherapy. The severity and type of dysfunction depends on the extent and localization of the resection. In general, entire organ resections lead to greater impairment than partial resections, whereas extended partial resection often equates to total resection. Plastic reconstructive surgery can help to preserve and reconstruct specific functions. Herein, the various surgical techniques with different flaps and tissue grafts are described, and the indications are presented depending on the dysfunctions, the defect location, and the extent of resection (partial versus total).