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    The effect of dexmedetomidine and remifentanil on the postoperative sore throat after thyroidectomy. Kim Hyuckgoo,Kwon Hyojin,Jeon Sungmin,Choi Eun Kyung Medicine BACKGROUND:Postoperative sore throat (POST) is an important concern in surgical patients undergoing endotracheal intubation. Its prevalence after thyroidectomy is up to 80%. The current study aimed to assess the effect of dexmedetomidine and remifentanil on postoperative sore throat. METHODS:Seventy-four patients who underwent thyroidectomy were randomized to receive either dexmedetomidine (group D) or remifentanil (group R). At anesthesia induction, group D received dexmedetomidine 1 μg/kg over 10 minutes, followed by continuous dexmedetomidine infusion at 0.3 to 0.6 μg/kg/hour during surgery. Group R received remifentanil of 3 to 4 ng/ml during induction, followed by 1.5 to 2.5 ng/ml remifentanil infusion during surgery. POST at rest and swallowing was assessed during the first 24 hours in serial time periods (0-1, 1-6, and 6-24 hours). Hoarseness and postoperative pain score were also assessed. RESULTS:POST incidence at rest (0-1, 1-6, and 6-24 hours) and swallowing (1-6 and 6-24 hours) was lower in group D than in group R. POST severity was significantly lower in group D than in group R during each time period. The incidence of postoperative hoarseness was also lower in group D than in group R at 1 to 6 and 6 to 24 hours. The postoperative pain score was lower in group D than in group R during each time period. CONCLUSION:Intraoperative dexmedetomidine infusion reduced the incidence and severity of POST for 24 hours after thyroidectomy. 10.1097/MD.0000000000021060
    Dexmedetomidine nebulisation attenuates post-operative sore throat in patients undergoing thyroidectomy: A randomised, double-blind, comparative study with nebulised ketamine. Thomas Derlin,Chacko Lini,Raphael Paul O Indian journal of anaesthesia Background and Aims:Endotracheal intubation is the predominant cause of airway mucosal injury, resulting in post-operative sore throat (POST), with an incidence of 20-74%, which brings immense anguish to patients. This study was conducted to evaluate and compare the efficacy of nebulised dexmedetomidine and ketamine in decreasing POST in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. Methods:Patients were randomly allocated into two groups of 50 each; Group 1 received ketamine 50mg (1mL) with 4mL saline nebulisation, while Group 2 received dexmedetomidine 50μg (1mL) with 4mL saline nebulisation for 15 min. GA was administered 15 min after completing nebulisation. POST monitoring was done at 0,2,4,6,12 and 24h after extubation. POST was graded on a four-point scale (0-3). The statistical analysis were performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 17.0. Fisher Exact-t-test, Chi square test, Student t-test, Paired t test and repeated measure analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used for analysis. Results:The overall incidence of POST in this study was 17%: POST was experienced by seven patients (14.3%) in ketamine and 10 patients (20.4%) in dexmedetomidine group ( = 0.424). There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of POST between the two groups at 0,2,4,6,12 and 24h post-operatively. Severity of sore throat was also significantly lower in both groups at all time points. A statistically significant increase in heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure was noted in ketamine group, post nebulisation. Conclusion:Pre-operative dexmedetomidine nebulisation can be utilised as a safe and ideal alternative to ketamine nebulisation in attenuating POST, with less haemodynamic derangement. 10.4103/ija.IJA_406_20