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    Green and Functional Aerogels by Macromolecular and Textural Engineering of Chitosan Microspheres. El Kadib Abdelkrim Chemical record (New York, N.Y.) Tremendous interest was recently devoted to the preparation of porous and functional materials through sustainable route, including primarily the use of renewable biopolymers instead of petroleum-sourced synthetic chemicals. Among the biopolymers available in enormous quantity, chitosan - obtained by deacetylation of chitin - stands as the sole nitrogen-containing cationic amino-sugar carbohydrate. This distinctively provides chitosan derivatives with plenty of opportunities in materials science. Particularly, its pH switchable solubility allowed the preparation of three-dimensional entangled nanofibrillated self-standing microspheres. These porous hydrogels behave as nano-reactors to confine exogenous nanoobjects within the polysaccharide network, including sol-gel metal alkoxide species, organometallic derivatives and isotropic and oriented nanoparticles. Besides, the interfacial interplay of chitosan with lamellar clay and graphene oxide allowed the penetration of the biopolymer inside of the galleries, which result in a complete delamination of the layered nanomaterials. The preserved gelation memory of chitosan in these formulations provides a way to access porous microspheres entangling exfoliated nanometric sheets. CO supercritical drying of functional hydrogel beads enabled efficient removal of water and other liquid solvents without wall collapsing, allowing large-scale preparation of millimetric hydrocolloidal microspheres with an open macroporous network. These functionalized lightweight biopolymer aerogels find applications in heterogeneous catalysis, sensing, adsorption, insulation and for the design of other sophisticated porous nanostructures. Beyond their tailorable molecular and textural-engineering, the possibility for macroscopic shaping of these intriguing nanostructures opens many new opportunities, especially in additive-manufacturing for soft and hybrid robotics. 10.1002/tcr.201900089
    Graphene Oxide Loaded Hydrogel for Enhanced Wound Healing in Diabetic Patients. Ur Rehman Syed Raza,Augustine Robin,Zahid Alap Ali,Ahmed Rashid,Hasan Anwarul Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual International Conference Chronic wound or slow healing of a wound is one of the serious complications in diabetic patients. The decrease in the proliferation and migration of cells such as keratinocytes and fibroblasts is the major reason for the development of such chronic wounds in a diabetic patient. Therefore, designing a wound dressing patch using a biodegradable hydrogel, which can provide a sustained release/delivery of active agents that can support cell proliferation and cell migration, will be highly beneficial for promoting diabetic wound healing. Multiple evidences from both in-vitro and in-vivo studies have shown that graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide promote wound healing by promoting migration and proliferation of keratinocyte cells. In addition, GO possesses angiogenic property. Gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) based hydrogels display excellent hydrophilic properties due to the presence of hydrophilic amino, amido, carboxyl, and hydroxyl groups in the polymer chains, which gives them highly porous, soft and flexible structure. In this work, we report the development of hydrogel dressing incorporated with GO to improve wound healing by increasing the proliferation and migration of cells. 10.1109/EMBC.2019.8857341
    Antimicrobial colloidal hydrogels assembled by graphene oxide and thermo-sensitive nanogels for cell encapsulation. Cheng Wenhua,Chen Yunhua,Teng Lijing,Lu Bingheng,Ren Li,Wang Yingjun Journal of colloid and interface science Hydrogels are promising 3D materials that have demonstrated increasing applications in the encapsulation and delivery of drugs and cells. Herein we report an injectable colloidal hydrogel that directly assembled by graphene oxide (GO) and thermo-sensitive nanogels (tNG). The pH dependent hydrogen bonding interactions between the carboxyl and oxethyl groups induce the reversible assembly of GO and nanogels. The hydrogel is mouldable and can be shaped into different macroscopic objects, and the mechanical strengths are tunable with pH and temperature adjustment. The hybrid hydrogel by its own possesses high antibacterial activity, and demonstrates responsive drug release behaviour and high viability of 3D encapsulated cells. We expect this hybrid colloidal hydrogel can serve as an interesting scaffold for active cargo delivery and cell culture. 10.1016/j.jcis.2017.11.018
    Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose hydrogels containing reduced graphene oxide (rGO) as a functional antibiofilm wound dressing. Ali Nor Hazwan,Amin Mohd Cairul Iqbal Mohd,Ng Shiow-Fern Journal of biomaterials science. Polymer edition Biofilms comprise bacteria attached to wound surfaces and are major contributors to non-healing wounds. It was found that the increased resistance of biofilms to antibiotics allows wound infections to persist chronically in spite of antibiotic therapy. In this study, the reduced form of graphene oxide (rGO) was explored as plausible antibiofilm agents. The rGO was synthesized via reducing the functional groups of GO. Then, rGO were characterized using zetasizer, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy and FESEM. The rGO were then formulated into sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (NaCMC) hydrogels to form rGO hydrogel and tested for antibiofilm activities in vitro using XTT test, and in vivo biofilm formation assay using nematodes C. elegans. Reduced GO hydrogel was successfully formed by reducing the functional groups of GO, and a reduction of up to 95% of functional groups was confirmed with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis. XTT tests confirmed that rGO hydrogels reduced biofilm formation by S. aureus (81-84%) and P. aeruginosa (50-62%). Fluorescence intensity also confirmed that rGO hydrogel can inhibit biofilm bacteria in C. elegans experiments. This study implied that rGO hydrogel is an effective antibiofilm agent for infected wounds. 10.1080/09205063.2019.1595892
    Structural and biological properties of thermosensitive chitosan-graphene hybrid hydrogels for sustained drug delivery applications. Saeednia Leyla,Yao Li,Berndt Marcus,Cluff Kim,Asmatulu Ramazan Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A Chitosan has the ability to make injectable thermosensitive hydrogels which has been highly investigated for drug delivery applications. The addition of nanoparticles is one way to increase the mechanical strength of thermosensitive chitosan hydrogel and subsequently and control the burst release of drug. Graphene nanoparticles have shown unique mechanical, optical and electrical properties which can be exploited for biomedical applications, especially in drug delivery. This study, have focused on the mechanical properties of a thermosensitive and injectable hybrid chitosan hydrogel incorporated with graphene nanoparticles. Scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) have been used for morphological and chemical characterization of graphene infused chitosan hydrogels. The cell viability and cytotoxicity of graphene-contained hydrogels were analyzed using the alamarBlue technique. In-vitro methotrexate (MTX) release was investigated from MTX-loaded hybrid hydrogels as well. As a last step, to evaluate their efficiency as a cancer treatment delivery system, an in vitro anti-tumor test was also carried out using MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines. Results confirmed that a thermosensitive chitosan-graphene hybrid hydrogel can be used as a potential breast cancer therapy system for controlled delivery of methotrexate. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 105A: 2381-2390, 2017. 10.1002/jbm.a.36096
    Photothermally Active Cryogel Devices for Effective Release of Antimicrobial Peptides: On-Demand Treatment of Infections. Chambre Laura,Rosselle Léa,Barras Alexandre,Aydin Duygu,Loczechin Aleksandra,Gunbay Suzan,Sanyal Rana,Skandrani Nadia,Metzler-Nolte Nils,Bandow Julia Elisabeth,Boukherroub Rabah,Szunerits Sabine,Sanyal Amitav ACS applied materials & interfaces There has been significant interest in the use of peptides as antimicrobial agents, and peptide containing hydrogels have been proposed as biological scaffolds for various applications. Limited stability and rapid clearance of small molecular weight peptides pose challenges to their widespread implementation. As a common approach, antibacterial peptides are physically loaded into hydrogel scaffolds, which leads to continuous release through the passive mode with spatial control but provides limited control over drug dosage. Although utilization of peptide covalent linkage onto hydrogels addresses partially this problem, the peptide release is commonly too slow. To alleviate these challenges, in this work, maleimide-modified antimicrobial peptides are covalently conjugated onto furan-based cryogel (CG) scaffolds the Diels-Alder cycloaddition at room temperature. The furan group offers a handle for specific loading of the peptides, thus minimizing passive and burst drug release. The porous nature of the CG matrix provides rapid loading and release of therapeutic peptides, apart from high water uptake. Interfacing the peptide adduct containing a CG matrix with a reduced graphene oxide-modified Kapton substrate allows "on-demand" photothermal heating upon near-infrared (NIR) irradiation. A fabricated photothermal device enables tunable and efficient peptide release through NIR exposure to kill bacteria. Apart from spatial confinement offered by this CG-based bandage, the selective ablation of planktonic is demonstrated. It can be envisioned that this modular "on-demand" peptide-releasing device can be also employed for other topical applications by appropriate choice of therapeutic peptides. 10.1021/acsami.0c17633
    Adhesive Hemostatic Conducting Injectable Composite Hydrogels with Sustained Drug Release and Photothermal Antibacterial Activity to Promote Full-Thickness Skin Regeneration During Wound Healing. Liang Yongping,Zhao Xin,Hu Tianli,Chen Baojun,Yin Zhanhai,Ma Peter X,Guo Baolin Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) Developing injectable nanocomposite conductive hydrogel dressings with multifunctions including adhesiveness, antibacterial, and radical scavenging ability and good mechanical property to enhance full-thickness skin wound regeneration is highly desirable in clinical application. Herein, a series of adhesive hemostatic antioxidant conductive photothermal antibacterial hydrogels based on hyaluronic acid-graft-dopamine and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) using a H O /HPR (horseradish peroxidase) system are prepared for wound dressing. These hydrogels exhibit high swelling, degradability, tunable rheological property, and similar or superior mechanical properties to human skin. The polydopamine endowed antioxidant activity, tissue adhesiveness and hemostatic ability, self-healing ability, conductivity, and NIR irradiation enhanced in vivo antibacterial behavior of the hydrogels are investigated. Moreover, drug release and zone of inhibition tests confirm sustained drug release capacity of the hydrogels. Furthermore, the hydrogel dressings significantly enhance vascularization by upregulating growth factor expression of CD31 and improve the granulation tissue thickness and collagen deposition, all of which promote wound closure and contribute to a better therapeutic effect than the commercial Tegaderm films group in a mouse full-thickness wounds model. In summary, these adhesive hemostatic antioxidative conductive hydrogels with sustained drug release property to promote complete skin regeneration are an excellent wound dressing for full-thickness skin repair. 10.1002/smll.201900046
    The electrostimulation and scar inhibition effect of chitosan/oxidized hydroxyethyl cellulose/reduced graphene oxide/asiaticoside liposome based hydrogel on peripheral nerve regeneration in vitro. Zheng Furong,Li Rui,He Qundi,Koral Kelly,Tao Junyan,Fan Lihong,Xiang Runzhi,Ma Jingyao,Wang Na,Yin Yixia,Huang Zhijun,Xu Peihu,Xu Haixing Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications The application of hollow nerve conduits in the repair of peripheral nerve defects is effected by inferior recovery, and nerve extension is hampered by the scar tissue generated during the repair process. In this study, the filler in hollow nerve conduit, chitosan/oxidized hydroxyethyl cellulose (CS/OHEC) hydrogel loaded asiaticoside liposome and the conductive reduced graphene oxide (rGO) were developed and used to reform the microenvironment for peripheral nerve regeneration. The physiochemical properties of CS/OHEC/rGO/asiaticoside liposome hydrogel were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and compressive modulus, porosity, swelling ratio, degradation and conductivity. In addition, the asiaticoside release profiles in vitro were investigated. The hydrogel had a continuous porous network structure with pore size distribution in the range of 50-250 μm. The majority of the hydrogels had porosities above 70%, and a compressive modulus of 0.45 MPa. The weight loss rate of hydrogel reached 76.14 ± 4.45% within 8 weeks. The conductivity of the hydrogel was 5.27 ± 0.42 × 10 S/cm. The hydrogel was non-toxic and suitable for adhesion and proliferation of nerve cells in vitro. In addition, the application of electrical stimulation after the addition of rGO can promote the differentiation and proliferation of nerve cells, accelerating nerve regeneration. The asiaticoside released from the hydrogel had a significant inhibitory effect on the growth and collagen secretion of fibroblasts, eliminating scars for regenerative nerves, which can promote the function recovery of defected peripheral nerve. Together, these positive results indicate that the hydrogel would be a promising candidate for peripheral nerve regeneration. 10.1016/j.msec.2019.110560
    Crucial roles of graphene oxide in preparing alginate/nanofibrillated cellulose double network composites hydrogels. Liu Hongyu,Pan Bingli,Wang Qianjie,Niu Yumiao,Tai Yuping,Du Xigang,Zhang Keke Chemosphere In this study, a novel strategy to prepare sodium alginate (SA)/nano fibrillated cellulose (NFC) double network (DN) hydrogel beads with the aid of graphene oxide (GO) was developed. In comparison with the multi-step freezing-thawing method, this study employs a facile one-step freeze drying method with the presence of GO sheets. The crucial roles of GO were highlighted as an efficient nucleating agent of NFC and a reinforcer for the hydrogel. The adsorption property of the DN hydrogel towards crystal violet (CV) was also studied. Results indicated that the introduction of GO could greatly facilitate the formation of double networks. Furthermore, the as-prepared DN hydrogel beads exhibited an efficacious adsorption property towards CV. The maximum adsorption capacity of the hydrogels for CV was observed as 665 mg g. Therefore, our approach here represents a facile method for the preparation of crystalline polymer based DN hydrogels to replace the awkward freezing-thawing process, giving inspiration for DN hydrogels design and preparation. Moreover, due to its efficient adsorption capacity, the hydrogels hold great promise for the water pollution control materials. 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.128240
    Biofabrication of Lysinibacillus sphaericus-reduced graphene oxide in three-dimensional polyacrylamide/carbon nanocomposite hydrogels for skin tissue engineering. Narayanan Kannan Badri,Choi Soon Mo,Han Sung Soo Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces The biological synthesis of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) from graphene oxide (GO) is an emerging phenomenon for developing biocompatible nanomaterials for its potential applications in nanomedicine. In this study, we demonstrated a simple, green, and non-toxic method for graphene synthesis using the live biomass of Lysinibacillus sphaericus as the reducing and stabilizing agent under ambient conditions. Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopic analysis confirmed the formation of graphene from GO suspension. X-ray diffraction studies showed the disappearance of the GO peak and the appearance of characteristic graphene broad peak at 2θ = 22.8°. Infrared analysis showed the decrease/disappearance of peaks corresponding to the oxygen-containing functionalities, and appearance of a peak at 1620 cm from unoxidized graphitic domains. Scanning electron microscopic images showed that L. sphaericus-reduced graphene oxide (L-rGO) contains aggregated graphene nanoflakes. Evaluation of the in vitro cytotoxicity of L-rGO nanosheets on human skin fibroblasts using the WST-1 assay did not show any significant effects after 24 h of exposure, which is indicative of biocompatibility. Polyacrylamide hydrogels with L-rGO were synthesized and used as scaffolds to support the growth and proliferation of skin fibroblasts. Cell viability assays and DAPI staining showed proliferation of fibroblasts and exhibited 83% of cell viability even after 28 days. Biofilm formation by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus was enhanced in nanocomposite hydrogels in the presence of 0.25 mg/mL GO and L-rGO in 48 h. Overall, this study showed that microbially-synthesized L-rGO can be used as a dopant in polymeric scaffolds for tissue engineering and highlighted their role in biofilm formation. 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2019.06.007
    Reduced Graphene Oxide Incorporated GelMA Hydrogel Promotes Angiogenesis For Wound Healing Applications. Rehman Syed Raza Ur,Augustine Robin,Zahid Alap Ali,Ahmed Rashid,Tariq Muhammad,Hasan Anwarul International journal of nanomedicine Purpose:Non-healing or slow healing chronic wounds are among serious complications of diabetes that eventually result in amputation of limbs and increased morbidities and mortalities. Chronic diabetic wounds show reduced blood vessel formation (lack of angiogenesis), inadequate cell proliferation and poor cell migration near wounds. In this paper, we report the development of a hydrogel-based novel wound dressing material loaded with reduced graphene oxide (rGO) to promote cell proliferation, cell migration and angiogenesis for wound healing applications. Methods:Gelatin-methacryloyl (GelMA) based hydrogels loaded with different concentrations of rGO were fabricated by UV crosslinking. Morphological and physical characterizations (porosity, degradation, and swelling) of rGO incorporated GelMA hydrogel was performed. In vitro cell proliferation, cell viability and cell migration potential of the hydrogels were analyzed by MTT assay, live/dead staining, and wound healing scratch assay respectively. Finally, in vivo chicken embryo angiogenesis (CEO) testing was performed to evaluate the angiogenic potential of the prepared hydrogel. Results:The experimental results showed that the developed hydrogel possessed enough porosity and exudate-absorbing capacity. The biocompatibility of prepared hydrogel on three different cell lines (3T3 fibroblasts, EA.hy926 endothelial cells, and HaCaT keratinocytes) was confirmed by in vitro cell culture studies (live/dead assay). The GelMA hydrogel containing 0.002% w/w rGO considerably increased the proliferation and migration of cells as evident from MTT assay and wound healing scratch assay. Furthermore, rGO impregnated GelMA hydrogel significantly enhanced the angiogenesis in the chick embryo model. Conclusion:The positive effect of 0.002% w/w rGO impregnated GelMA hydrogels on angiogenesis, cell migration and cell proliferation suggests that these formulations could be used as a functional wound healing material for the healing of chronic wounds. 10.2147/IJN.S218120
    Gradient Chitosan Hydrogels Modified with Graphene Derivatives and Hydroxyapatite: Physiochemical Properties and Initial Cytocompatibility Evaluation. Kosowska Karolina,Domalik-Pyzik Patrycja,Sekuła-Stryjewska Małgorzata,Noga Sylwia,Jagiełło Joanna,Baran Magdalena,Lipińska Ludwika,Zuba-Surma Ewa,Chłopek Jan International journal of molecular sciences In this study, we investigated preparation of gradient chitosan-matrix hydrogels through a novel freezing-gelling-thawing method. The influence of three types of graphene family materials (GFM), i.e., graphene oxide (GO), reduced graphene oxide (rGO), and poly(ethylene glycol) grafted graphene oxide (GO-PEG), as well as hydroxyapatite (HAp) on the physicochemical and biological properties of the composite hydrogels was examined in view of their potential applicability as tissue engineering scaffolds. The substrates and the hydrogel samples were thoroughly characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry, infrared spectroscopy, digital and scanning electron microscopy, rheological and mechanical analysis, in vitro chemical stability and bioactivity assays, as well as initial cytocompatibility evaluation with human umbilical cord Wharton's jelly mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs). We followed the green-chemistry approach and avoided toxic cross-linking agents, using instead specific interactions of our polymer matrix with tannic acid, non-toxic physical cross-linker, and graphene derivatives. It was shown that the most promising are the gradient hydrogels modified with GO-PEG and HAp. 10.3390/ijms21144888
    [Early effect of graphene oxide-carboxymethyl chitosan hydrogel loaded with interleukin 4 and bone morphogenetic protein 2 on bone immunity and repair]. Zou Min,Sun Jiachen,Xiang Zhou Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery Objective:To investigate the effect of graphene oxide (GO)-carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) hydrogel loaded with interleukin 4 (IL-4) and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) on macrophages M2 type differentiation and osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Methods:GO solution was mixed with CMC, then the phosphate buffered saline (PBS), IL-4, BMP-2, or IL-4+BMP-2 were added to prepare different GO-CMC hydrogel scaffolds with or without different cytokines under crosslinking agents. The characteristics of pure GO-CMC hydrogel were characterized by gross observation, scanning electron microscope (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and the CMC hydrogel was used as control. The sustained release of GO-CMC hydrogels with different cytokines was also tested. Macrophages were isolated and cultured from female Sprague Dawley rats aged 4-5 weeks, and then cultured with GO-CMC hydrogels with and without different cytokines, respectively. CD206 immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the differentiation of macrophages after 24 hours. The 3rd generation of rats BMSCs were cultured with GO-CMC hydrogels with and without different cytokines respectively for osteogenic induction. The early osteogenesis was observed by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining after 10 days, and the late osteogenesis was observed by alizarin red staining after 21 days. Results:Generally, GO-CMC hydrogel was brown and translucent. SEM showed that the pore diameter and wall thickness of GO-CMC hydrogel were similar to that of CMC hydrogel, but the inner wall roughness increased. FTIR test showed that CMC polymerized to form hydrogel. , the sustained release experiments showed that the properties of GO-CMC hydrogels loaded with different cytokines were similar. CD206 immunofluorescence detection showed that GO-CMC hydrogels could induce macrophages differentiation into M2-type. ALP and alizarin red staining showed that GO-CMC hydrogels could induce BMSCs osteogenic differentiation, in which GO-CMC hydrogel loaded with IL-4+BMP-2 showed the most significant effect ( <0.05). Conclusion:The GO-CMC hydrogel loaded with IL-4 and BMP-2 can induce macrophages differentiation into M2-type and enhance the ability of BMSCs with osteogenic differentiation , which provide a new strategy for bone defect repair and immune regulation. 10.7507/1002-1892.201911068
    Chondroinductive Alginate-Based Hydrogels Having Graphene Oxide for 3D Printed Scaffold Fabrication. Olate-Moya Felipe,Arens Lukas,Wilhelm Manfred,Mateos-Timoneda Miguel Angel,Engel Elisabeth,Palza Humberto ACS applied materials & interfaces Scaffolds based on bioconjugated hydrogels are attractive for tissue engineering because they can partly mimic human tissue characteristics. For example, they can further increase their bioactivity with cells. However, most of the hydrogels present problems related to their processability, consequently limiting their use in 3D printing to produce tailor-made scaffolds. The goal of this work is to develop bioconjugated hydrogel nanocomposite inks for 3D printed scaffold fabrication through a micro-extrusion process having improved both biocompatibility and processability. The hydrogel is based on a photocrosslinkable alginate bioconjugated with both gelatin and chondroitin sulfate in order to mimic the cartilage extracellular matrix, while the nanofiller is based on graphene oxide to enhance the printability and cell proliferation. Our results show that the incorporation of graphene oxide into the hydrogel inks considerably improved the shape fidelity and resolution of 3D printed scaffolds because of a faster viscosity recovery post extrusion of the ink. Moreover, the nanocomposite inks produce anisotropic threads after the 3D printing process because of the templating of the graphene oxide liquid crystal. The in vitro proliferation assay of human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hADMSCs) shows that bioconjugated scaffolds present higher cell proliferation than pure alginate, with the nanocomposites presenting the highest values at long times. Live/Dead assay otherwise displays full viability of hADMSCs adhered on the different scaffolds at day 7. Notably, the scaffolds produced with nanocomposite hydrogel inks were able to guide the cell proliferation following the direction of the 3D printed threads. In addition, the bioconjugated alginate hydrogel matrix induced chondrogenic differentiation without exogenous pro-chondrogenesis factors as concluded from immunostaining after 28 days of culture. This high cytocompatibility and chondroinductive effect toward hADMSCs, together with the improved printability and anisotropic structures, makes these nanocomposite hydrogel inks a promising candidate for cartilage tissue engineering based on 3D printing. 10.1021/acsami.9b22062
    Fabrication and evaluation of bacterial nanocellulose/poly(acrylic acid)/graphene oxide composite hydrogel: Characterizations and biocompatibility studies for wound dressing. Chen Xiang Yi,Low Hao Ran,Loi Xin Yi,Merel Laura,Mohd Cairul Iqbal Mohd Amin Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials Graphene oxide (GO) is a potential material for wound dressing due to its excellent biocompatibility and mechanical properties. This study evaluated the effects of GO concentration on the synthesis of bacterial nanocellulose (BNC)-grafted poly(acrylic acid) (AA)-graphene oxide (BNC/P(AA)/GO) composite hydrogel and its potential as wound dressing. Hydrogels were successfully synthesized via electron-beam irradiation. The hydrogels were characterized by their mechanical properties, bioadhesiveness, water vapor transmission rates (WVTRs), water retention abilities, water absorptivity, and biocompatibility. Fourier transform infrared analysis showed the successful incorporation of GO into hydrogel. Thickness, gel fraction determination and morphological study revealed that increased GO concentration in hydrogels leads to reduced crosslink density and larger pore size, resulting in increased WVTR. Thus, highest swelling ratio was found in hydrogel with higher amount of GO (0.09 wt %). The mechanical properties of the composite hydrogel were maintained, while its hardness and bioadhesion were reduced with higher GO concentration in the hydrogel, affirming the durable and easy removable properties of a wound dressing. Human dermal fibroblast cell attachment and proliferation studies showed that biocompatibility of hydrogel was improved with the inclusion of GO in the hydrogel. Therefore, BNC/P(AA)/GO composite hydrogel has a potential application as perdurable wound dressing. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater 107B: 2140-2151, 2019. 10.1002/jbm.b.34309