TGFBI expression is associated with a better response to chemotherapy in NSCLC.
Irigoyen Marta,Pajares María J,Agorreta Jackeline,Ponz-Sarvisé Mariano,Salvo Elisabeth,Lozano María D,Pío Ruben,Gil-Bazo Ignacio,Rouzaut Ana
BACKGROUND:Lung cancer is one of the most prevalent neoplasias in developed countries. Advances in patient survival have been limited and the identification of prognostic molecules is needed. Resistance to treatment is strongly related to tumor cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix and alterations in the quantity and nature of molecules constituting the tumor cell niche. Recently, transforming growth factor beta-induced protein (TGFBI), an extracellular matrix adaptor protein, has been reported to be differentially expressed in transformed tissues. Loss of TGFBI expression has been described in several cancers including lung carcinoma, and it has been suggested to act as a tumor suppressor gene. RESULTS:To address the importance of TGFBI expression in cancer progression, we determined its expression in NSCLC clinical samples using immunohistochemistry. We identified a strong association between elevated TGFBI expression and the response to chemotherapy. Furthermore, we transiently over-expressed and silenced TGFBI in human NSCLC cell lines. Cells over-expressing TGFBI displayed increased sensitivity to etoposide, paclitaxel, cisplatin and gemcitabine. We observed that TGFBI-mediated induction of apoptosis occurred through its binding to alphavbeta3 integrin. We also determined that full-length TGFBI did not induce caspase 3/7 activation but its proteolytic fragments that were < 3 kDa in size, were able to activate caspase 3, 7 and 8. This pro-apoptotic effect was blocked by anti-alphavbeta3 integrin antibodies. CONCLUSIONS:The results shown here indicate that TGFBI is a predictive factor of the response to chemotherapy, and suggest the use of TGFBI-derived peptides as possible therapeutic adjuvants for the enhancement of responses to chemotherapy.
The role of TGFBI (βig-H3) in gastrointestinal tract tumorigenesis.
Han Bing,Cai Haolei,Chen Ying,Hu Bing,Luo Hongyu,Wu Yulian,Wu Jiangping
BACKGROUND:TGFβ-induced (TGFBI/βig-H3) is a protein inducible by TGFβ1 and secreted by many types of cells. It binds to collagen, forms part of the extracellular matrix (ECM), and interacts with integrins on cell surfaces. In this study, we investigated the role of TGFBI in tumorigenesis and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS:Patient serum TGFBI levels were determined by ELISA. TGFBI transgenic and gene knockout mice and TGFBI-overexpressing liver cells were used for mechanistic studies. RESULTS:We demonstrated that patients with cholangiocarcinomas, hepatic carcinomas or gastric carcinomas presented significantly elevated serum TGFBI levels, and the excess TGFBI was derived from the tumor masses. TGFBI overexpression in mice resulted in increased incidence of spontaneous tumors and N,N-diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced liver tumor nodules, compared to that in wild type (WT) mice, while TGFBI knockout mice were comparable to WT controls in these 2 aspects. TGFBI promoted the survival of Aml-12 liver cells with DNA damage after irradiation, and augmented their post-irradiation proliferation. It activated the FAK/AKT/AKT1S1/PRS6/EIF4EBP pathway, which is known to modulate cell survival and proliferation. CONCLUSIONS:Our data suggest that TGFBI functions as a promoter of certain gastrointestinal tract cancers. It provides a survival advantage to cells with DNA damage. Over a long time span, this advantage could translate into increased tumor risks.