Angiogenesis Is Differentially Modulated by Platelet-Derived Products.
Berndt Sarah,Carpentier Gilles,Turzi Antoine,Borlat Frédéric,Cuendet Muriel,Modarressi Ali
Platelet-derived preparations are being used in clinic for their role in tissue repair and regenerative processes. The release of platelet-derived products such as autologous growth factors, cytokines and chemokines can trigger therapeutic angiogenesis. In this in vitro study, we evaluated and compared the ability of three platelet-derived preparations: platelet-rich-plasma (PRP), PRP-hyaluronic acid (PRP-HA) and platelet lysates (PL) at various concentrations (5-40%) to modulate human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) biological effects on metabolism, viability, senescence, angiogenic factors secretion and angiogenic capacities in 2D (endothelial tube formation assay or EFTA) and in 3D (fibrin bead assay or FBA). HUVEC exocytosis was stimulated with PRP and PRP-HA. Cell viability was strongly increased by PRP and PRP-HA but mildly by PL. The three preparations inhibit HUVEC tube formation on Matrigel, while PRP enhanced the complexity of the network. In the fibrin bead assay (FBA), PRP and PRP-HA stimulated all steps of the angiogenic process resulting in massive sprouting of a branched microvessel network, while PL showed a weaker angiogenic response. Secretome profiling revealed modulation of 26 human angiogenic proteins upon treatment with the platelet derived preparations. These in vitro experiments suggest that PRP and PRP-HA are effective biological therapeutic tools when sustained therapeutic angiogenesis is needed.