[Prognostic value of combining preoperative serum tumor markers and peripheral blood routine indexes in patients with colorectal cancer].
Huang Lijun,Fang Jiafeng,Wu Juekun,Zhou Xueling,Wei Hongbo
Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery
OBJECTIVE:To investigate the prognostic value of preoperative serum tumor markers combined with peripheral blood routine indexes in colorectal cancer patients. METHODS:From January 2010 to March 2013, clinicopathological data of colorectal cancer patients receiving surgery treatment at the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were collected. INCLUSION CRITERIA:(1) histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma; (2) primary cancer resected; (3) intact clinical data; (4) no signs of clinical infection. Patients with intestinal perforation or obstruction, hematological diseases or other malignant tumors were excluded. Informations were recorded containing sex, age, tumor location, degree of differentiation, tumor size, vascular tumor thrombus, nerve invasion, depth of infiltration, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, TNM stage, peripheral serum CEA, CA199, number of neutrophil, monocyte, platelet and lymphocyte. Positive CEA was defined as ≥5 μg/L, CA199 as ≥35 U/L; while NLR (neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio), MLR (monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio), PLR (platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio) greater than their cut-off values were defined as positive. ROC curve was used to determine the cut-off values (with greatest area under curve) of NLR, MLR and PLR. The prognostic values of these indexes were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier regression and log-rank test. COX regression was used to perform risk factor analysis. RESULTS:A total of 312 colorectal cancer patients were enrolled, including 192 males and 120 females with median age of 61 (15-85) years. Till March 11, 2018, during median follow-up period of 65 months(2-96), the follow-up rate was 90.4% with loss of 30 cases and the mortality was 37.2% with 116 death. Univariate analysis found that colorectal cancer patients with positive CEA, CA199, NLR (>2.32), MLR (>0.24) and PLR (>164.1) had poor prognosis (all P<0.01). When combining CEA, CA199 with NLR, MLR, PLR, the survival analysis showed that patients with both negative indexes had the best prognosis, one positive the worse and both positive were the worst (all P<0.01). COX regression revealed that CEA(HR= 1.702,95%CI:1.148-2.522, P<0.01), combination of CA199 and MLR (HR=2.292, 95%CI:1.426-3.683, P<0.01) were independent risk factors for colorectal cancer. CONCLUSION:Combination of preoperative serum tumor markers and peripheral blood routine indexes can provide prognostic information for the patients with colorectal cancer.
Comparison of Hematologic and Other Prognostic Markers in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer.
Mercier Joey,Voutsadakis Ioannis A
Journal of gastrointestinal cancer
BACKGROUND:Associations of thrombocytosis, neutrophilia, and lymphopenia with prognosis have been confirmed in many cancers. This study aims at comparing various prognostic indices based on blood counts in metastatic colorectal adenocarcinomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Records from 152 patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who were treated in our center were reviewed. Demographic and disease characteristics and hematologic parameters data were extracted and patients were stratified according to their scores of several hematologic ratios. Hematologic ratios and parameters considered included the platelet-neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (PNLR), the platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), the Abnormal Hematological Markers Index (AHMI), and the neutrophil-platelet score (NPS). Optimal cutoffs were defined with the aid of an online tool. Baseline parameters of the two groups derived for each tool were evaluated and compared with the χ test. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional-hazards regression analyses were performed on variables of interest. RESULTS:Progression-Free Survival (PFS) hazard ratios (HR) between the high-risk and low-risk groups derived from the multivariate analyses for each index were as follows: for PNLR 2.0 (95% CI 1.28-3.13), for PLR 1.74 (95% CI 1.13-2.67), for NLR 1.54 (95% CI 1.04-2.29), for AHMI 1.62 (95% CI 1.06-2.46), and for NPS 1.47 (95% CI 1.1-1.96). Overall Survival (OS) hazard ratios (HR) derived from the multivariate analyses for each index were as follows: for PNLR 2.23 (95% CI 1.36-3.66), for PLR 1.68 (95% CI 1.03-2.75), for NLR 1.62 (95% CI 1.06-2.49), for AHMI 1.7 (95% CI 1.07-2.69), and for NPS 1.53 (95% CI 1.11-2.11). Another prognostic index called PRONOPALL, which is based on ECOG PS (0-1 versus 2-3 versus 4), number of metastatic sites (≤ 1 versus ≥ 2), LDH (< 600 U/L versus ≥ 600 U/L), and albumin (≥ 33 g/L versus < 33 g/L), had HRs of 1.75 and 2.20 for PFS and OS, respectively, with a cutoff of < 4 versus ≥ 4. This score has a range of 0 to 10 and points are attributed for the presence of each of the four prognostic factors. CONCLUSION:In this analysis of metastatic colorectal cancer patients, several ratios and other prognostic tools had prognostic value for both OS and PFS. While other variables held significance for poorer prognosis, PNLR had the highest HR and the highest significance in multivariate analysis for both PFS and OS. Thus, it represents a valid prognostic tool in metastatic colorectal cancer among the spectrum of hematologic parameter-constructed tools.
COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT DERIVED INFLAMMATORY BIOMARKERS IN PATIENTS WITH HEMATOLOGIC MALIGNANCIES.
Nanava N,Betaneli M,Giorgobiani G,Chikovani T,Janikashvili N
Georgian medical news
Inflammation sometimes can be associated with the development of number of diseases, among them cancer. Few studies show prognostic value of different inflammatory markers, such as lymphocyte and monocyte count, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and others in some types of blood cancers. There is further need to investigate easy measurable diagnostic and prognostic novel biomarkers in hematologic malignancies. Our aim was to investigate the role of inflammatory markers: NLR, PLR, platelet-monocyte ratio (PMR), hemoglobin-platelet ratio (HPR), hemoglobin-lymphocyte ratio (HLR), lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR), systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) and derived neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (dNLR), which were used alone or in combination, in early diagnoses of hematologic malignancies. The counts for total white blood cells, neutrophils, lymphocytes, platelets, monocyte and hemoglobin as well as systemic inflammatory factors, such as NLR, PLR, PMR, HPR, HLR, LMR, SII and dNLRwere analysed from patients with hematologic malignancies and their age-matched controls. The area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity and cut-off values, as well as correlations between these inflammatory markers were analyzed. The patients with hematologic malignancies have significantly increased level of inflammatory markers: NLR, PLR, PMR, HLR, SII and dNLR in comparison with age-matched controls. NLR and PLR positively correlate with each other and SII and negatively correlate with HGB. Additionally, PLR has positive correlation with HLR. dNLR has the highest AUC score. For diagnosing hematologic malignancies the AUC of the ROC curve for dNLR was 0.810 with a 95% CI of 0.646-0.975. However, combining these six markers - NLR, PLR, PMR, HLR, SII and dNLR reached the best AUC score - 0.923 with a 95% of CI of 0.778-1.000. Results indicate that NLR, PLR, PMR, HLR, SII and dNLR, which are easily detectable laboratory parameters and reflect systemic inflammatory response can be predictive factors for hematologic malignancies.
Blood markers of oxidative stress are strongly associated with poorer prognosis in colorectal cancer patients.
Boakye Daniel,Jansen Lina,Schöttker Ben,Jansen Eugene H J M,Schneider Martin,Halama Niels,Gào Xin,Chang-Claude Jenny,Hoffmeister Michael,Brenner Hermann
International journal of cancer
Oxidative stress has been implicated in the initiation of several cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Whether it also plays a role in CRC prognosis is unclear. We assessed the associations of two oxidative stress biomarkers (Diacron's reactive oxygen metabolites [d-ROMs] and total thiol level [TTL]) with CRC prognosis. CRC patients who were diagnosed in 2003 to 2012 and recruited into a population-based study in Germany (n = 3361) were followed for up to 6 years. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for the associations of d-ROMs and TTL (measured from blood samples collected shortly after CRC diagnosis) with overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) were estimated using multivariable Cox regression. Particularly pronounced associations of higher d-ROMs with lower survival were observed in stage IV patients, with patients in the highest (vs lowest) tertile having much lower OS (HR = 1.52, 95% CI = 1.14-2.04) and DSS (HR = 1.61, 95% CI = 1.20-2.17). For TTL, strong inverse associations of TTL with mortality were observed within all stages. In patients of all stages, those in the highest (vs lowest) quintile had substantially higher OS (HR = 0.48, 95% CI = 0.38-0.62) and DSS (HR = 0.52, 95% CI = 0.39-0.69). The addition of these biomarkers to models that included age, sex, tumor stage and subsite significantly improved the prediction of CRC prognosis. The observed strong associations of higher d-ROMs and lower TTL levels with poorer prognosis even in stage IV patients suggest that oxidative stress contributes significantly to premature mortality in CRC patients and demonstrate a large potential of these biomarkers in enhancing the prediction of CRC prognosis beyond tumor stage.