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    miR-192-5p suppresses uterine receptivity formation through impeding epithelial transformation during embryo implantation. Liang Jingjie,Cao Dingren,Zhang Xiaowei,Liu Lijun,Tan Qiang,Shi Shuang,Chen Kaiyu,Liang Junyong,Wang Zhengguang Theriogenology The establishment of uterine receptivity is a prerequisite for embryo implantation and begins with the transformation of the luminal epithelium. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been widely reported to be involved in the regulation of embryo implantation, but their roles in establishing uterine receptivity remain unclear. In this study, through small RNA sequencing analysis, we showed that a low level of miR-192-5p is essential for initiating implantation in mice, and transient upregulation of miR-192-5p led to implantation failure. In situ hybridization results revealed that miR-192-5p was primarily expressed in the endometrial epithelium, and dysregulation of miR-192-5p interfered with the performance of the luminal epithelium, resulting in inadequate receptivity. By manipulating miR-192-5p expression in mouse uterus and an endometrial epithelial cell line, we showed that miR-192-5p maintains cell polarity through stabilizing adherens junction protein E-cadherin, thereby preventing epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Furthermore, miR-192-5p preserved the pattern of microvilli as well as Muc1 expression on the apical membrane of epithelial cells, thereby avoiding embryo adhesion. Moreover, miR-192-5p was found to be regulated by ovarian steroids. Collectively, this study demonstrated that the physiological role of miR-192-5p in mouse uterus is to maintain the nonreceptive state of epithelial cells and prevent their transformation to the receptive state. Thus, a sustained high level of miR-192-5p is detrimental to embryo implantation. These findings help elucidate the mechanisms involved in miRNA-based regulation of uterine physiology in early pregnancy, and may even contribute to the diagnosis and treatment of infertility. 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2020.08.009
    MiR-183 impeded embryo implantation by regulating Hbegf and Lamc1 in mouse uterus. Cao Dingren,Liang Jingjie,Feng Fuqiang,Shi Shuang,Tan Qiang,Wang Zhengguang Theriogenology Embryo implantation plays a decisive role in pregnancy. While in the process of implantation, microRNA (miRNA) is an important regulatory factor in the post transcriptional level. However, the role of many miRNAs in embryo implantation remained unknown. In this study, microRNA-183 (miR-183) was found differentially expressed in mouse uterus during implantation. In vivo treatment of miR-183 agomir in the uterine horn before implantation could eliminate the number of implantation site. The localization of miR-183 in mouse uteri gradually changed from epithelial to stromal layer in early pregnancy. Mice implantation models demonstrated that the decrease of miR-183 was mainly caused by maternal factors. Loss and gain function of miR-183 in endometrial cell lines showed that miR-183 could inhibit cell migration, invasion and apoptosis. MiR-183 could inhibit embryo implantation by binding Heparin-Binding EGF-like growth factor (Hbegf) and Laminin gamma one (Lamc1), which were key genes in embryo apposition and penetration. All these evidences indicate that miR-183 plays an important role during embryo implantation. This study provides new insights into the functions of miR-183 during embryo implantation and the development of contraceptive drugs in early pregnancy. 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2020.09.005