The association between resilience and psychosocial functioning in schizophrenia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Wambua G Nduku,Kilian Sanja,Ntlantsana Vuyokazi,Chiliza Bonginkosi
The exploration of resilience in schizophrenia is recent and poorly understood. Literature suggests that exploration of the construct will help with the understanding of not only risk but also protective factors in individuals living with psychosis. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis with the primary aim of synthesizing the evidence of an existing relationship between resilience and schizophrenia-spectrum disorders (SSD). We searched electronic databases for relevant articles that evaluated resilience and psychosocial functioning in participants with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. Sixteen studies were deemed eligible for review. We also conducted a random-effects meta-analysis to explore resilience levels of study participants. Our findings highlight lower levels of resilience in SSD cohorts and poorer psychosocial functioning among those with low levels of resilience. Evidence also suggests that the presence of resilience in individuals with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders is associated with improved psychosocial functioning.