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    Effect of oil overlay on inhibition potential of roscovitine in sheep cumulus-oocyte complexes. Crocomo L F,Marques Filho W C,Ulian C M V,Branchini N S,Silva D T,Ackermann C L,Landim-Alvarenga F C,Bicudo S D Reproduction in domestic animals = Zuchthygiene Inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases, as roscovitine, have been used to prevent the spontaneous resumption of meiosis in vitro and to improve the oocyte developmental competence. In this study, the interference of oil overlay on the reversible arrest capacity of roscovitine in sheep oocytes as well as its effects on cumulus expansion was evaluated. For this, cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were cultured for 20 h in TCM 199 with 10% foetal bovine serum (Control) containing 75 μm roscovitine (Rosco). Subsequently, they were in vitro matured (IVM) for further 18 h in inhibitor-free medium with LH and FSH. The culture was performed in Petri dishes under mineral oil (+) or in 96 well plates without oil overlay (-) at 38.5°C and 5% CO2 . At 20 and 38 h, the cumulus expansion and nuclear maturation were evaluated under stereomicroscope and by Hoechst 33342 staining, respectively. No group presented cumulus expansion at 20 h. After additional culture with gonadotrophins, a significant rate of COCs from both Control groups (+/-) exhibited total expansion while in both Rosco groups (+/-) the partial expansion prevailed. Among the oocytes treated with roscovitine, 65.2% were kept at GV in the absence of oil overlay while 40.6% of them reached MII under oil cover (p < 0.05). This meiotic arrest was reversible, and proper meiosis progression also occurred in the Control groups (+/-). So, the culture system without oil overlay improved the meiotic inhibition promoted by roscovitine without affecting the cumulus expansion rate or the subsequent meiosis progression. 10.1111/rda.12506
    Roscovitine inhibits extrusion of second polar body and induces apoptosis in rat eggs cultured in vitro. Tripathi Anima,Chaube Shail K Pharmacological reports : PR BACKGROUND:Inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks) may result in meiotic cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in rat eggs in vitro. We aimed to find out whether roscovitine, a Cdk inhibitor, inhibits extrusion of second polar body (II PB) and induced egg apoptosis in vitro. METHODS:The metaphase-II (M-II) arrested eggs were collected from oviduct and exposed to various concentrations of roscovitine for 3h in vitro. The morphological changes, phosphorylation status of Cdk1, cyclin B1 level, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), p53, Bax, Bcl2 and cytochrome c expressions, caspase-3 activity and DNA fragmentation were analyzed. RESULTS:We showed that the lower concentrations of roscovitine significantly reduced Thr-161 phosphorylated Cdk1 level and inhibited extrusion of II PB. The higher concentrations of roscovitine significantly reduced Thr-161 phosphorylated Cdk1 level but total Cdk as well as cyclin B1 levels remained high. Higher concentrations of roscovitine increased H2O2 level and expressions of p53, Bax and cytochrome c in treated eggs. The increased proapoptotic factors induced capsase-3 activity and thereby DNA fragmentation that finally resulted in cytoplasmic fragmentation, a morphological apoptotic feature. CONCLUSION:Our data suggest that roscovitine inhibited II PB extrusion possibly by reducing Thr-161 phosphorylated Cdk1 level and induced apoptosis through mitochondria-caspase-mediated apoptotic pathway in rat eggs cultured in vitro. 10.1016/j.pharep.2015.01.011