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    The effectiveness of using the perioscope as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal therapy: Clinical and radiographic results. Naicker Meloshini,Ngo Luan H,Rosenberg Adam J,Darby Ivan B Journal of periodontology BACKGROUND:It is well known that following root surface debridement (RSD) residual deposits remain. Periodontal endoscopy has provided a method of directly visualizing root surfaces during periodontal debridement in an intact pocket without the need for surgical incision. The aim of this study was to determine if periodontal debridement using endoscopic visualization was more effective in improving clinical and radiographic parameters as compared to RSD. METHODS:Thirty-eight subjects were randomized into RSD with perioscope (n = 19) or RSD only (n = 19) groups. A full-mouth evaluation included probing pocket depths (PPDs), clinical attachment levels (CAL), bleeding on probing (BOP) and plaque scores (PI) recorded at baseline, 3 and 12 months and compared among groups. Radiographs were taken at sites with deepest pockets at baseline and 12-month and the change in radiographic bone levels (RBL) compared. An independent samples T-test was used to assess statistical significance. RESULTS:Both groups had significant improvements in clinical outcomes. The test (T) group had a significantly lower percentage of PPDs 7 to 9 mm at three (0.72 ± 1.2%) and 12 months (0.5 ± 1.0%) as compared with the control (C) group (2.25 ± 2.9%; 1.84 ± 2.3%). At 12 months, the test group recorded a significantly lower mean PPD (T: 2.70 + 0.2 mm; C: 2.98 ± 0.4 mm), BOP% (T: 4.3 ± 3.2%; C: 11.95 ± 7.1%), PI% (T: 25.61 ± 3.9%; C: 30.11 ± 6.3%) and less change in gingival recession (T: -0.13 ± 0.2 mm; C: -0.50 ± 0.6 mm) (P < 0.05). More radiographic bone gain was observed in the test group (0.69 ± 0.3 mm) as compared with the control group (0.49 ± 0.2 mm). This was also observed around multi-rooted teeth (T: 0.83 ± 0.45 mm; C: 0.46 ± 0.36 mm). CONCLUSION:The adjunctive use of the perioscope provided a slight benefit to the outcomes of non-surgical therapy particularly at deeper probing depths. 10.1002/JPER.20-0871
    Efficacy of scaling and root planning with periodontal endoscopy for residual pockets in the treatment of chronic periodontitis: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Wu Juan,Lin Liangyuan,Xiao Jianping,Zhao Jie,Wang Ningxiang,Zhao Xingxing,Tan Baochun Clinical oral investigations OBJECTIVES:Residual pockets are a risk factor of periodontitis progression. This study evaluated the efficacy of periodontal endoscopy (PE) during scaling and root planning (SRP) of residual pockets in chronic periodontitis patients after initial periodontal treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS:A single-blinded, randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in systemically healthy subjects presenting at least three residual pockets with a probing depth (PD) ≥ 5 mm in each quadrant. Subjects were randomly allocated to one of two trial groups using a computer-generated program: SRP + PE (test group) or SRP alone (control group). Clinical parameters (PD, clinical attachment level (CAL), bleeding on probing (BOP), and plaque index (PLI)) were then measured at baseline, 3-, and 6-month follow-up. RESULTS:A total of 1629 sites in 37 patients were examined. Both treatments significantly improved all clinical outcomes (PD, CAL, BOP, and PLI) from baseline to 6 months (P < 0.05), although greater reductions in PD and PLI were observed in the test group at both 3- (PD: 3.45 ± 0.56 vs. 4.14 ± 0.59 mm; PLI: 0.55 ± 0.23 vs. 0.73 ± 0.27) and 6-month follow-up (PD: 3.12 ± 0.63 vs. 4.0 ± 0.68 mm; PLI: 0.49 ± 0.21 vs. 0.72 ± 0.28, respectively; P = 0.001 for PD and P = 0.021 for PLI). No significant differences in CAL or BOP were observed. CONCLUSIONS:SRP + PE resulted in significant reductions in PD and PLI compared to SRP alone in residual pockets with a PD ≥ 5 mm. CLINICAL RELEVANCE:The findings highlight the benefits of SRP + PE, supporting use as an alternative strategy in nonsurgical periodontal treatment. 10.1007/s00784-021-04029-w