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    Agranulocytosis occurrence following recent acute infectious mononucleosis. Massoll Anthony F,Powers Stanlyn C,Betten David P The American journal of emergency medicine Infectious mononucleosis secondary to Epstein-Barr virus typically follows a relatively benign and self-limited course. A small subset of individuals may develop further progression of disease including hematologic, neurologic, and cardiac abnormalities. A mild transient neutropenia occurring during the first weeks of acute infection is a common finding however in rare cases a more profound neutropenia and agranulocytosis may occur up to 6weeks following the onset of initial symptoms. We describe the case of an 18-year-old woman who presented 26days following an acute infectious mononucleosis diagnosis with agranulocytosis and fever. No source of infection was identified and the patient had rapid improvement in her symptoms and resolution of her neutropenia. The presence of fever recurrence and other non-specific symptoms in individuals 2-6weeks following acute infectious mononucleosis symptom onset may warrant further assessment for this uncommon event. 10.1016/j.ajem.2016.11.042
    [CLINICAL AND IMMUNOLOGICAL CRITERIA FOR THE ADVERSE COURSE OF INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS IN CHILDREN]. Kolesnik Ya,Zharkova T,Rzhevskaya O,Kvaratskheliya T,Sorokina O Georgian medical news The article presents the results of our own studies to determine the criteria for the adverse variants of the course of infectious mononucleosis (IM) in children. The study was conducted in the regional children's infectious clinical hospital in Kharkov. 161 children aged three to fifteen years were under observation with diagnosis of infectious moninucleosis. Out of 161 ill children, 140 (86.9%) had moderate severity of disease, and 21 (13.1%) had severe forms. All children were prescribed standard clinical and laboratory-instrumental examinations. The diagnosis of IM was verified by PCR (detection of VEB DNA in the blood) and ELISA (anti-VEB Ig M and Ig G). In 140 children (86.9%) IM proceeded sharply, smoothly (the first group), in 21 (13.1%) - unfavorably (wave and / or prolonged course) - the second group. The groups were comparable according to age, the severity of the disease and other parameters. All children received therapy according to approved protocols (Order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine No. 354 of 09.07.2004). Immune status of children was assessed by determining the relative contents of CD3 +, CD4 +, CD8 +, CD16 +, CD19 + blood cells with appropriate monoclonal antibodies, serum IgA, IgM, IgG concentration by Mancini and interleukin (IL) -1β cytokine response and - 4, tumor necrosis factor (TNF α) is a solid-phase enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Based on the results of observations, it was established that the prognostically unfavorable criteria of IМ at the stages of manifestation of disease include: generalized lymphadenopathy involving 5-6 groups of lymph nodes and a significant increasing of them, purulent tonsillitis, marked increasing of size of liver and spleen on the background of anemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia and the absence of atypical mononuclears in the complete blood count. There is a depression of the cellular link and an increase in the humoral mechanisms of immune responses in case of development of adverse course of IM.
    Dynamically Expressed miR-BART16 Functions as a Suppressor of CAND1 in Infectious Mononucleosis Caused by Epstein-Barr Virus in Children. Hu Zhenhua,Zheng Xiuxiu,Zeng Wanjie,Wang Hao,Yang Hongwei,Fan Yisun Annals of clinical and laboratory science OBJECTIVE:MiR-BART16 is a newly discovered Epstein-Barr Virus-encoded microRNA (miRNA). We aimed to explore the role of EBV-miR-BART16 in infectious mononucleosis (IM). METHODS:Peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets were analyzed in 30 IM and 10 healthy children by flow cytometry. MiR-BART16 and its targets were measured by real-time PCR, western blot, ELISA, and dual-luciferase assay. RESULTS:Serum miR-BART16 expression was significantly higher in the IM children than that in the healthy children, and was positively correlated with EBV copy number. Receiver operating characteristic analysis revealed serum miR-BART16 could differentiate IM and healthy individuals (=0.0041). CAND1 was targeted and downregulated by miR-BART16 in an EBV infection-dependent way. CONCLUSIONS:These results highlight that EBV-miR-BART16 plays an important role in regulating the expression of CAND1 to affect pediatric IM.
    Genotypes of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV1/EBV2) in individuals with infectious mononucleosis in the metropolitan area of Belém, Brazil, between 2005 and 2016. Monteiro Talita Antonia Furtado,Costa Iran Barros,Costa Igor Brasil,Corrêa Thais Letícia Dos Santos,Coelho Beatriz Monteiro Rodrigues,Silva Amanda Emanuelle Santos,Ramos Francisco Lúzio de Paula,Filho Arnaldo Jorge Martins,Monteiro José Luiz Furtado,Siqueira Jones Anderson Monteiro,Gabbay Yvone Benchimol,Sousa Rita Catarina Medeiros The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases : an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Two types of Epstein Barr virus (EBV1/EBV2) have been shown to infect humans. Although their genomes are similar, the regions containing the EBNA genes differ. This study aimed to characterize the EBV genotypes of infectious mononucleosis (IM) cases in the metropolitan region of Belém, Brazil, from 2005 to 2016. A total of 8295 suspected cases with symptoms/signs of IM were investigated by infectious disease physicians at Evandro Chagas Institute, Health Care Service, from January 2005 to December 2016. Out of the total, 1645 (19.8%) samples had positive results for EBV by enzyme immunoassay and 251 (15.3%) were submitted to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique, using the EBNA3C region, in order to determine the type of EBV. Biochemical testing involving aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and gamma-glutamyl transferase were also performed. EBV type was identified by PCR in 30.3% (76/251) of individuals; of those, 71.1% (54/76) were classified as EBV1, 17.1% (13/76) as EBV2, and 11.8% (9/76) as EBV1 + EBV2. The main symptoms/signs observed with EBV1 infection were cervical lymphadenopathy (64.8%, 35/54), fever (63%, 34/54), headache (20.4%, 11/54), arthralgia (20.4%, 11/54), and exanthema (18.5%, 10/54). EBV2 infection was detected in all but two age groups, with an average age of 24 years. The most common signs/symptoms of EBV2 were fever (76.9%, 10/13), average duration of 18 days, and lymphadenopathy (69.2%, 9/13). In contrast, EBV1 + EBV2 coinfections were more frequent in those aged five years or less (20.0%, 2/10). The symptoms of EBV1 + EBV2 coinfection included fever (66.7%, 6/9), and cervical lymphadenopathy and headache (33.3%, 3/9) each. The mean values of hepatic enzymes according to type of EBV was significantly different (p < 0.05) in those EBV1 infected over 14 years of age. Thus, this pioneering study, using molecular methods, identified the EBV genotypes in 30.3% of the samples, with circulation of EBV1, EBV2, and EBV1 + EBV2 co-infection in cases of infectious mononucleosis in the northern region of Brazil. 10.1016/j.bjid.2020.06.004